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** Review of Optimization Techniques for Retrofitting Batch Plants **

In the last few years, optimization techniques have become more widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. Some of these have appeared in the literature, but a far greater number remain as in-house information, using the same techniques indicated in this chapter, but with modifications and computer programs specific to the particular company. An excellent review of the application of optimization techniques in the pharmaceutical sciences was published in 1981 [20]. This covers not only formulation and processing, but also analysis, clinical chemistry, and medicinal chemistry. [Pg.620]

Other applications of the previously described optimization techniques are beginning to appear regularly in the pharmaceutical literature. A literature search in Chemical Abstracts on process optimization in pharmaceuticals yielded 17 articles in the 1990-1993 time-frame. An additional 18 articles were found between 1985 and 1990 for the same narrow subject. This simple literature search indicates a resurgence in the use of optimization techniques in the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, these same techniques have been applied not only to the physical properties of a tablet formulation, but also to the biological properties and the in-vivo performance of the product [30,31]. In addition to the usual tablet properties the authors studied the following pharmacokinetic parameters (a) time of the peak plasma concentration, (b) lag time, (c) absorption rate constant, and (d) elimination rate constant. The graphs in Fig. 15 show that for the drug hydrochlorothiazide, the time of the plasma peak and the absorption rate constant could, indeed, be... [Pg.620]

This chapter contains examples of optimization techniques applied to the design and operation of two of the most common staged and continuous processes, namely, distillation and extraction. We also illustrate the use of parameter estimation for fitting a function to thermodynamic data. [Pg.443]

An understanding of optimization techniques does not require complex mathematics. We require as background only basic tools from multivariable calculus and linear algebra to explain the theory and computational techniques and provide you with an understanding of how optimization techniques work (or, in some cases, fail to work). [Pg.664]

Process Biochem., 41, 1682 (2006). Evaluation of Optimization Techniques for Parameter Estimation Application to Ethanol Fermentation Considering the Effect of Temperature. [Pg.388]

Earlier reference was made to published articles that described the use of optimization techniques for coating processes. In particular, the one presented by Porter et al. (7) provides a useful example of how aesthetic, functional, and processing issues can be dealt with. The key elements of the study that formed the basis for this article are listed in Table 3, while typical results obtained in this study are summarized in Table 4. From these data, it is possible to optimize the coating process with respect to ... [Pg.447]

Muriel A, Simchi-Levi D (2003) Supply Chain Design and Planning -Applications of Optimization Techniques for Strategic and Tactical Models. In de Kok AG, Graves SC (eds) Supply Chain Management Design, Coordination and Operation. Elsevier, Amsterdam et al., pp 17-93... [Pg.231]

Evaluation of Optimization Techniques for an Extractive Alcoholic Fermentation Process... [Pg.485]

In searching to find the parameter values that give the minimum of the sum of squares cr, one can use a number of optimization techniques or software packages. The procedure begins by guessing parameter values [e.g., Table 5-2 (a= 1, = Is )] and then calculating and then cr for these values... [Pg.144]

One can find a formal proof of the convergence of this type of optimization technique in Eckhart (1980). [Pg.159]

Developing such as model is a preliminary and necessary stage in achieving real time plant optimization which involves treating data reconciliation and rigorous simulation simultaneously by means of optimization techniques, whose objective is to maximize process profitability (Perunicic et.al.,2007). [Pg.291]

A highly non-linear polymerization reactor can be controlled satisfactorily using controller designs based on the linearized case. Steady-state decoupling of outputs appears to be adequate under the conditions studies. It has also been shown that when the decoupling matrix is not square, some form of optimization technique can be used to provide "best" values of the input parameters. [Pg.12]

Leser EW, Asenjo JA (1994) Protein recovery, separation and purification. Selection of optimal techniques using an expert system. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz RJ 89(1) 99-109 Liao YH, Brown MB, Martin GP (2004) Investigation of the stabilisation of freeze-dried lysozyme and the physical properties of the formulations. Eur J Pharm Biophaim 58(l) 15-24... [Pg.98]

Review of Optimization Techniques for Retrofitting Batch Plants... [Pg.223]

Successful adhesion between non-bondable or hard-to-bond materials can also be achieved trough the combination of physical and chemical treatment methods. It seems likely that optimum combinations of treatments and adhesion promoters exist for different species and adhesive systems. The synergistic effects are very real for the investigations undertaken so far but, due to the limited research conducted until now on cellulosic adherends, more research is needed to overcome this situation and to allow the use of optimized techniques at a commercial level. [Pg.293]

Wieselthier J. E., Nguyen G. D., Ephremides A., Barnhart, C. M., 2002, Application of optimization techniques to a nonlinear problem of communication network design with nonlinear constraints, IEEE Transaction in Automatic Confro/, 47(6), pp. 1033—1038. [Pg.1891]

Every investor managing portfolios has a critical decision to make—what kind of optimization technique (if any) should be used Several major methods are available and most of them have a quantitative grotuid. Some of them are extracted from the... [Pg.250]

** Review of Optimization Techniques for Retrofitting Batch Plants **

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