When plotted according to the linear form of the BET equation, data for the adsorption of N2 on Graphon at 77 K give an intercept of 0.004 and a slope of 1.7 (both in cubic centimeters STP per gram). Calculate E assuming a molecular area of 16 for N2. Calculate also the heat of adsorption for the first layer (the heat of condensation of N2 is 1.3 kcal/mol). Would your answer for Vm be much different if the intercept were taken to be zero (and the slope the same) Comment briefly on the practical significance of your conclusion. [Pg.673]

We shall examine the simplest possible molecular orbital problem, calculation of the bond energy and bond length of the hydrogen molecule ion Hj. Although of no practical significance, is of theoretical importance because the complete quantum mechanical calculation of its bond energy can be canied out by both exact and approximate methods. This pemiits comparison of the exact quantum mechanical solution with the solution obtained by various approximate techniques so that a judgment can be made as to the efficacy of the approximate methods. Exact quantum mechanical calculations cannot be carried out on more complicated molecular systems, hence the importance of the one exact molecular solution we do have. We wish to have a three-way comparison i) exact theoretical, ii) experimental, and iii) approximate theoretical. [Pg.301]

Note that the upper limit of the second summation has been shifted from Nq to oo for mathematical reasons. The change is of little practical significance, since Eq. (5.24) drops off for very large values of n. To simplify the summation in Eq. (5.27) consider the following steps ... [Pg.294]

Polyacetaldehyde, a mbbery polymer with an acetal stmcture, was first discovered in 1936 (49,50). More recentiy, it has been shown that a white, nontacky, and highly elastic polymer can be formed by cationic polymerization using BF in Hquid ethylene (51). At temperatures below —75° C using anionic initiators, such as metal alkyls in a hydrocarbon solvent, a crystalline, isotactic polymer is obtained (52). This polymer also has an acetal [poly(oxymethylene)] stmcture. Molecular weights in the range of 800,000—3,000,000 have been reported. Polyacetaldehyde is unstable and depolymerizes in a few days to acetaldehyde. The methods used for stabilizing polyformaldehyde have not been successful with poly acetaldehyde and the polymer has no practical significance (see Acetalresins). [Pg.50]

A great disadvantage of PHB is the necessity to operate at very low temperatures (<20 K). Therefore, this recording technique currently has no practical significance but it is subject to intensive research activity (175). One future aspect which may be important, if room temperature materials become available, is the usage of inexpensive semiconductor lasers in the near ir-regime (176). [Pg.155]

Radiation Resistance. Polysulfones exhibit resistance to many electromagnetic frequencies of practical significance, including microwave, visible, and infrared. Especially notable is the excellent resistance to microwave radiation, which has contributed to the excellent fit of polysulfones in cookware appHcations. Polysulfone also shows good resistance to x-rays, electron beam (24), and gamma (25,26) radiation under many practical appHcation conditions. [Pg.468]

The acid—base equiUbtia are fundamental to the kinetics of azo coupling and of practical significance for azo technology. Thus it is important that coupling reactions be carried out in a medium such that the acid—base equiUbtia of the diazo and coupling components favor as much as possible the diazonium ions and the phenolate ions or the free amine, respectively. [Pg.428]

Research on chemical agents after World War I led to the elimination of all but a handful of chemicals as being of practical batdefield significance. At the time of Wodd War II the only chemicals considered to be of practical significance included the mustard gases and phosgene. [Pg.397]

Reduction of nitroaminopyridazines yields the corresponding aminopyridazines. Reductive cleavage of hydrazinopyridazines to give amino compounds is of practical significance in cases when halogen atoms are resistant to ammonolysis. Many substituted 3,4-diamino-, 4,5-diamino- and 3,5-diamino-pyridazines can be prepared in this way. [Pg.34]

A 1 1 adduct from diphenylsulfilimine and a benzoylacetylene underwent an intramolecular cyclization reaction to give an isoxazole in good yield (equation 40). Similarly, the 1 1 adduct from iodoazide and chalcone gave 3,5-diphenylisoxazole (equation 41). These two approaches to regiospecific isoxazole synthesis are of little practical significance. Additional examples of the (OCCCN) reaction are given in equations (42) and (43). [Pg.75]

Last time development of methods of iodine determination, which include preliminary sorption preconcentration of microcomponents and their subsequent determination in phase of concentrate get great practical significance. Silica gel (SG) with adsorptively modified quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) gets properties of anion-exchange resin. The sorbents modified in this way can be used successfully for determination of different anions. [Pg.155]

In what way would you expect the setting and hardening reactions in cement paste to change with temperature Indicate the practical significance of your result. [Pg.215]

All methods of IR-free technique involve finally switching-off and reverse switching techniques. In these are included bridge methods [5, 8, 9], ac methods, and impulse methods [10, 11]. All of these have no practical significance. Finally, measurement methods are also derived from Eq. (3-25) with the help of varying potential gradients on the soil surface, so that x is replaced by ... [Pg.93]

Many authors contributed to the field of diffusion and chemical reaction. Crank (1975) dealt with the mathematics of diffusion, as did Frank-Kamenetskii (1961), and Aris (1975). The book of Sherwood and Satterfield (1963) and later Satterfield (1970) discussed the theme in detail. Most of the published papers deal with a single reaction case, but this has limited practical significance. In the 1960s, when the subject was in vogue, hundreds of papers were presented on this subject. A fraction of the presented papers dealt with the selectivity problem as influenced by diffitsion. This field was reviewed by Carberry (1976). Mears (1971) developed criteria for important practical cases. Most books on reaction engineering give a good summary of the literature and the important aspects of the interaction of diffusion and reaction. [Pg.24]

The absence of both secondary and tertiary C—H bonds leads to a high measure of oxidative stability. Oxidation does take place when thin films are heated in air to temperatures above 300°C and causes cross-linking but this is of little practical significance. The absence of double bonds gives a very good but not absolute resistance to ozone. [Pg.572]

Evidently, from the low value of the exponent in Equation 7-80, the contribution from natural convection and, hence, its practical significance is small. [Pg.629]

The possibility of interfering with the structure or formation of nucleic acids with the aid of such antimetabolites obviously has great practical significance. An interference with growth of neoplastic tissue and influence on the genetic properties of an organism should be mentioned in the first place. [Pg.190]

Using single crystals it has been shown that different low-index crystal faces see Section 20) exhibit different corrosion rates. However, the relative corrosion rate of the different faces varies with the environment and these structural effects are of little practical significance. On the other hand, the fact that polycrystal grains of different crystallographic orientation may corrode at different rates, is of some importance. [Pg.37]

As is well known, high-purity zinc corrodes much less rapidly in dilute acids than commercial purity material in the latter instance, impurities (particularly copper and iron) are exposed on the surface of the zinc to give local cathodes with low hydrogen overpotentials this result is of practical significance only in the use of zinc for sacrificial anodes in cathodic protection or for anodes in dry cells. In neutral environments, where the cathodic... [Pg.47]

It should be emphasised that potential-pH diagrams can also be constructed from experimental E -I curves, where E is the polarised potential and / the current. These diagrams, which are of more direct practical significance than the equilibrium potential-pH equilibrium diagrams constructed from thermodynamic data, show how a metal in a natural environment (e.g. iron in water of given chloride ion concentration) may give rise... [Pg.64]

Of more serious practical significance is iron contamination of nickel-clad steel welds. Tables 3.39 and 3.40 show the increase in corrosion of various nickel-iron alloys which may occur when coupled to nickel in... [Pg.582]

Tracy, Thompson and Freeman exposed specimens of 11 different grades of copper in the form of sheet and wire to rural, marine and industrial atmospheres in the USA for periods up to 20 years. The differences in the behaviour of the materials were small and of little, if any, practical significance. Very similar results for various types of copper were found by... [Pg.689]

Many investigators have studied the anodic behaviour of nickel. A complete discussion of the reactions occurring during anodic dissolution and passivation of the metal is outside the scope of this chapter, which is confined to a brief summary of the main features of practical significance. [Pg.765]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.149 , Pg.154 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.365 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.129 ]

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