For that matter, in regards to predicting the type of electrical behavior, one has to be careful not to place excessive credence on actual electronic structure calculations that invoke the independent electron approximation. One-electron band theory predicts metallic behavior in all of the transition metal monoxides, although it is only observed in the case of TiO The other oxides, NiO, CoO, MnO, FeO, and VO, are aU insulating, despite the fact that the Fermi level falls in a partially hUed band. In the insulating phases, the Coulomb interaction energy is over 4 eV whereas the bandwidths have been found to be approximately 3 eV, that is, U W. [Pg.238]

The realization is dawning that traditional approaches to conservation are doomed to fail. Nature reserves are — and are likely to remain — too small, too few, too isolated, and too subject to change to sustain more than a tiny fraction of Earth s biodiversity (maybe just 5 % of species) and life-support services to society, over the long run. For conservation to have enduring success, it must become both economically and culturally attractive and common-place in the sea of human activity. [Pg.59]

Allsopp, M.H., de Lange, W.J., Veldtman, R. (2008) Valuing Insect Pollination Services with Cost of Replacement. [Pg.59]

Coppens, M.O. 2003. Nature inspired Chemical Engineering. DeUt University Press. [Pg.59]

Cheung, J., Pu, F., Li, D., Zhang, M., and Fan, Y. 2011. Why do woodpeckers resist head impact injury A biomechanical investigation. Plos One, Open access. [Pg.59]

Gordon, J. E. 1976. The new science of strong materials, or why you don t fall through the floor. 2nd Edn. London, UK Pelican-Penguin. [Pg.59]

In principle, then, small crystals should show a higher solubility in a given solvent than should large ones. A corollary is that a mass of small crystals should eventually recrystallize to a single crystal (see Ostwald ripening. Section IX-4). [Pg.348]

The coefficient of friction /x between two solids is defined as F/W, where F denotes the frictional force and W is the load or force normal to the surfaces, as illustrated in Fig. XII-1. There is a very simple law concerning the coefficient of friction /x, which is amazingly well obeyed. This law, known as Amontons law, states that /x is independent of the apparent area of contact it means that, as shown in the figure, with the same load W the frictional forces will be the same for a small sliding block as for a laige one. A corollary is that /x is independent of load. Thus if IVi = W2, then Fi = F2. [Pg.431]

The last identity follows from the orthogonality property of eigenfunctions and the assumption of nomralization. The right-hand side in the final result is simply equal to the sum over all eigenvalues of the operator (possible results of the measurement) multiplied by the respective probabilities. Hence, an important corollary to the fiftli postulate is established ... [Pg.11]

The fifth postulate and its corollary are extremely important concepts. Unlike classical mechanics, where everything can in principle be known with precision, one can generally talk only about the probabilities associated with each member of a set of possible outcomes in quantum mechanics. By making a measurement of the quantity A, all that can be said with certainty is that one of the eigenvalues of /4 will be observed, and its probability can be calculated precisely. However, if it happens that the wavefiinction corresponds to one of the eigenfunctions of the operator A, then and only then is the outcome of the experiment certain the measured value of A will be the corresponding eigenvalue. [Pg.11]

Suppose that the system property A is of interest, and that it corresponds to the quantum-mechanical operator A. The average value of A obtained m a series of measurements can be calculated by exploiting the corollary to the fifth postulate... [Pg.13]

Corollary 4. In addition to the assumptions in Proposition 2 suppose that... [Pg.106]

Moreover, our Hamiltonian system possesses an additional symmetry — it is equivariant under the transformation (52,P2) —(92, 2). In other words each of these sets is a candidate for a set B mentioned in the assumptions of Corollary 4. Thus, by this result, both of these sets are almost invariant with... [Pg.112]

As a corollary to the above it should be pointed out that the exchange is in some instances stoichiometric and therefore the amount of cation in solution can be estimated by passage through a hydrogen exchanger as above and subsequent titration of the acid in the effluent. [Pg.57]

A decreasse in a net charge at C-5 with, as a corollary, a slight increase in ir-electronic density at that position. [Pg.35]

The central message of chemistry is that the prop erties of a substance come from its structure What is less obvious but very powerful is the corollary Someone with training m chemistry can look at the structure of a substance and tell you a lot about its properties Organic chemistry has always been and continues to be the branch of chemistry that best connects structure with properties Our objective has been to emphasize the con nection between structure and properties using the tools best suited to make that connection... [Pg.1331]

One limitation of this method that should immediately come to mind is the restriction to relatively low molecular weight polymers. This is a corollary of the fact that chain ends are inconsequential for very long chains. Hence, the sensitivity of the method decreases as the molecular weight of the polymer increases. As a general rule, molecular weights in the neighborhood of 25,000 represent the upper limit for applicability of this method. [Pg.30]

Next we turn our attention to the distribution of the molecules by weight among the various species. A corollary of this is the determination of the weight average molecular weight and the ratio... [Pg.295]

The second line is the corollary of the imbedding H Q) in L Q) which is compact. Hence, we have... [Pg.73]

The considered problem is formulated as a variational inequality. In general, the equations (3.140)-(3.142) hold in the sense of distributions. In addition to (3.143), complementary boundary conditions will be fulfilled on F, X (0,T). The exact form of these conditions is given at the end of the section. The assumption as to sufficient solution regularity requires the variational inequality to be a corollary of (3.140)-(3.142), the initial and all boundary conditions. The relationship between these two problem formulations is discussed in Section 3.4.4. We prove an existence of the solution in Section 3.4.2. In Section 3.4.3 the main result of the section concerned with the cracks of minimal opening is established. [Pg.212]

In this section we derive a nonpenetration condition between crack faces for inclined cracks in plates and discuss the equilibrium problem. As it turns out, the nonpenetration condition for inclined cracks is of nonlocal character. This means that by writing the condition at a fixed point we have to take into account the displacement values both at the point and at the other point chosen at the opposite crack face. As a corollary of this fact, the equilibrium equations hold only in a domain located outside the crack surface projection on the mid-surface of the plate. This section follows the papers (Khludnev, 1997b Kovtunenko et ah, 1998). [Pg.219]

Assuming a sufficient regularity of the solution to (5.247)-(5.252), we can deduce relations considered as a corollary from the exact formulation of the problem. In what follows the theorem of existence of these relations is established. Substituting the values, 7] from (5.248), (5.249) in (5.251) and summing the resulting inequality with (5.247), we obtain, after integration over J,... [Pg.343]

Osmotic Pinch Ejfect Feed is pumped into the membrane train, and as it flows through the membrane array, sensible pressure is lost due to fric tion effects. Simultaneously, as water permeates, leaving salts behind, osmotic pressure increases. There is no known practical alternative to having the lowest pressure and the highest salt concentration occur simultaneously at the exit of the train, the point where AP — AH is minimized. This point is known as the osmotic pinch, and it is the point backward from which hydrauhe design takes place. A corollary factor is that the permeate produced at the pinch is of the lowest quality anywhere in the array. Commonly, this permeate is below the required quahty, so the usual prac tice is to design around average-permeate quality, not incremental quahty. A I MPa overpressure at the pinch is preferred, but the minimum brine pressure tolerable is 1.1 times H. [Pg.2037]

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