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** Accuracy high pressure sensors **

** HEAT (High-accuracy Extrapolate Ab initio **

** HEAT (High-accuracy Extrapolated Ab initio **

** High-Accuracy Computational Strategies **

** High-accuracy mass measurement ( **

The high accuracy of spatial and density resolution can be obtained by using exact methods. Thus it is necessary to apply of complete scanning geometry. The analysis of variants of scanning shows that the geometry sine on the cylinder is perspectiv enough by its characteristics. [Pg.219]

Tsai, R.Y. A versatile camera calibration technique for high-accuracy 3D machine vision meterology using off-the-shell tv cameras and lenses. IEEE. 1.Robotics Automation, Vol. RA-3(4),August 1988, pp. 323-344. [Pg.491]

The accurate and absolute measurement of the distance, D, between the surfaces is central to the SFA teclmique. In a typical experiment, the SFA controls the base position, z, of the spring and simultaneously measures D, while the spring constant, k, is a known quantity. Ideally, the simple relationship A F(D) = IcA (D-z ) applies. Since surface forces are of limited range, one can set F(D = go) = 0 to obtain an absolute scale for the force. Furthennore, SF(D = cc)/8D 0 so that one can readily obtain a calibration of the distance control at large distances relying on an accurate measurement of D. Therefore, D and F are obtained at high accuracy to yield F(D), the so-called force versus distance cur >e. [Pg.1732]

The accuracy of most TB schemes is rather low, although some implementations may reach the accuracy of more advanced self-consistent LCAO methods (for examples of the latter see [18,19 and 20]). However, the advantages of TB are that it is fast, provides at least approximate electronic properties and can be used for quite large systems (e.g., thousands of atoms), unlike some of the more accurate condensed matter methods. TB results can also be used as input to detennine other properties (e.g., photoemission spectra) for which high accuracy is not essential. [Pg.2204]

Computational solid-state physics and chemistry are vibrant areas of research. The all-electron methods for high-accuracy electronic stnicture calculations mentioned in section B3.2.3.2 are in active development, and with PAW, an efficient new all-electron method has recently been introduced. Ever more powerfiil computers enable more detailed predictions on systems of increasing size. At the same time, new, more complex materials require methods that are able to describe their large unit cells and diverse atomic make-up. Here, the new orbital-free DFT method may lead the way. More powerful teclmiques are also necessary for the accurate treatment of surfaces and their interaction with atoms and, possibly complex, molecules. Combined with recent progress in embedding theory, these developments make possible increasingly sophisticated predictions of the quantum structural properties of solids and solid surfaces. [Pg.2228]

DP-12 Multipole code, 4 levels of macroscopic expansion, 12 terms in the multipole expansions, high accuracy... [Pg.468]

The two ways of learning - deductive and inductive - have already been mentioned. Quite a few properties of chemical compounds can be calculated explicitly. Foremost of these are quantum mechanical methods. However, molecular mechanics methods and even simple empirical methods can often achieve quite high accuracy in the calculation of properties. These deductive methods are discussed in Chapter 7. [Pg.9]

Any one of these additivity schemes can be used for the estimation of a variety of thermochemical molecular data, most prominently for heats of formation, with high accuracy [13]. A variety of compilations of thermochemical data are available [14-16]. A computer program based on Allen s scheme has been developed [17, 18] and is included in the PETRA package of programs [19]. [Pg.325]

Properties that come foremost to mind to represent a compound are physical ones, because most of them can be measured easily and with high accuracy. Clearly, the more properties are used to characterize a compound, the better a model can be established for the prediction of the property of interest. Furthermore, one should select such properties which one knows or assumes to have a strong influence on the property that one wants to predict. [Pg.431]

Unfortunately, the Thomas-Fermi energy functional does not produce results that are of sufficiently high accuracy to be of great use in chemistry. What is missing in this... [Pg.501]

A second issue is the practice of using the same set of exponents for several sets of functions, such as the 2s and 2p. These are also referred to as general contraction or more often split valence basis sets and are still in widespread use. The acronyms denoting these basis sets sometimes include the letters SP to indicate the use of the same exponents for s andp orbitals. The disadvantage of this is that the basis set may suffer in the accuracy of its description of the wave function needed for high-accuracy calculations. The advantage of this scheme is that integral evaluation can be completed more quickly. This is partly responsible for the popularity of the Pople basis sets described below. [Pg.79]

Choosing a standard GTO basis set means that the wave function is being described by a finite number of functions. This introduces an approximation into the calculation since an infinite number of GTO functions would be needed to describe the wave function exactly. Dilferences in results due to the quality of one basis set versus another are referred to as basis set effects. In order to avoid the problem of basis set effects, some high-accuracy work is done with numeric basis sets. These basis sets describe the electron distribution without using functions with a predefined shape. A typical example of such a basis set might... [Pg.80]

Several basis schemes are used for very-high-accuracy calculations. The highest-accuracy HF calculations use numerical basis sets, usually a cubic spline method. For high-accuracy correlated calculations with an optimal amount of computing effort, correlation-consistent basis sets have mostly replaced ANO... [Pg.85]

Chipman DZP+diffuse Available for H(6.vl/i) through l0s6p2d). Optimized to reproduce high-accuracy spin density results. [Pg.87]

Ahlrichs VDZ, pVDZ, VTZ Available for Li(4.v) to (Ihv) through Kr(14.vl0/ 5d) to (17.vl3/ 6d). These have been used for many high-accuracy calculations. [Pg.87]

WTBS Well-tempered basis set for high-accuracy results. Available for He(17.v) through Rn(28.v24/ 18dl2/). [Pg.87]

Some of the basis sets discussed here are used more often than others. The STO—3G set is the most widely used minimal basis set. The Pople sets, particularly, 3—21G, 6—31G, and 6—311G, with the extra functions described previously are widely used for quantitative results, particularly for organic molecules. The correlation consistent sets have been most widely used in recent years for high-accuracy calculations. The CBS and G2 methods are becoming popular for very-high-accuracy results. The Wachters and Hay sets are popular for transition metals. The core potential sets, particularly Hay-Wadt, LANL2DZ, Dolg, and SBKJC, are used for heavy elements, Rb and heavier. [Pg.89]

For very-high-accuracy ah initio calculations, the harmonic oscillator approximation may be the largest source of error. The harmonic oscillator frequencies... [Pg.94]

It is possible to use computational techniques to gain insight into the vibrational motion of molecules. There are a number of computational methods available that have varying degrees of accuracy. These methods can be powerful tools if the user is aware of their strengths and weaknesses. The user is advised to use ah initio or DFT calculations with an appropriate scale factor if at all possible. Anharmonic corrections should be considered only if very-high-accuracy results are necessary. Semiempirical and molecular mechanics methods should be tried cautiously when the molecular system prevents using the other methods mentioned. [Pg.96]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.9 , Pg.26 ]

** Accuracy high pressure sensors **

** HEAT (High-accuracy Extrapolate Ab initio **

** HEAT (High-accuracy Extrapolated Ab initio **

** High-Accuracy Computational Strategies **

** High-accuracy mass measurement ( **

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