The integral heat of adsorption is the difference between the heat of immersion of the clean adsorbent and the heat of immersion of the adsorbent, with n2 moles of X2 adsorbed upon it. This calorimetric heat of adsorption is to be compared with the heat of adsorption calculated from the temperature coefficient of the integral free energy change by Equation 6. [Pg.362]

The integral heats of adsorption in Tables I and II were calculated from the heats of immersion by [Pg.41]

AQ is the integral heat of adsorption evolved during the finite increment [6,31] k is a calibration constant [Pg.285]

By definition, the integral heat of adsorption is defined as the amount of heat evolved by the system when " or n are adsorbed at constant temperature and volume. Thus, since no volume work is done, the integral heat is obtained in accordance with the first law of thermodynamics as the final minus the initial internal energy of the system [Pg.155]

The quantity AH —aj L) is the integral heat of adsorption. This value as well as the value of i can be measured calorimetrically. The value of i is actually zero if the isotherm approaches the ordinate asymptotically. If the isotherm cuts the ordinate at a finite angle, i will be finite but small. [Pg.47]

For a differential heat of adsorption on site i, the integral heat of adsorption, Q, is [Pg.165]

On the other hand, two more heats of adsorption are also in use in adsorption science the integral heat of adsorption, Q is an experimentally found quantity from constant volume calorimeter measurements, using the simple expression [Pg.304]

CALCULATION OF HEATS FROM DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY 4.1 The Integral Heat of Adsorption [Pg.84]

The first and second terms of this equation are the integral heats of adsorption, Qinf Thus, [Pg.68]

It will be shown that the combined total internal energy of the modeled adsorbate leads directly to the integral heat of adsorption, from which the experimentally observable isosteric heat of adsorption can be calculated and a comparison made. [Pg.82]

We have shown that the experimentally measured heat exchange is direcdy connected to the integral heat of adsorption at constant temperamre. The experimental data needed to perform the calculation are Q, the number of moles adsorbed at two pressures, these pressures and the volume of the adsorption cell (the so-called dead space). [Pg.68]

It applies to the process in which n moles of adsorbate are transferred from the bulk gas to the surface, starting from a bare surface. The integral heat of adsorption is determined from data such as those contained in Table 9.3 by graphical integration. [Pg.435]

In the case of strong adsorption interaction with the surface (when the heat of adsorption is large), it is generally (dEa/dna)T > 0 in Eq. (3.4.13). This is caused by unevenness from the perspective of adsorption and shows that adsorption arises preferentially from the sites that can handle a large heat of adsorption. Therefore, the integral heat of adsorption Qjnt and the differential heat of adsorption Q r decrease with the amount of adsorption na. (If an adsorption interaction with the surface is weak, the influence of the interaction between adsorbed species must be taken into account.) [Pg.321]

Two experimentally determined quantities are required to evaluate AM° and aS°. These are the integral heat of adsorption and the adsorp- [Pg.466]

The initial differential heats (Qinit) the total adsorbed volume (Vj) at equilibrium pressure of 0.5 torr are also shown in this table. The integral heat of adsorption (Qjnt) corresponding to this volume is also given. [Pg.104]

The heat of adsorption is an important experimental quantity. The heat evolution with each of successive admissions of adsorbate vapor may be measured directly by means of a calorimeter described by Beebe and co-workers [31]. Alternatively, the heat of immersion in liquid adsorbate of adsorbent having various amounts preadsorbed on it may be determined. The difference between any two values is related to the integral heat of adsorption (see Section X-3A) between the two degrees of coverage. See Refs. 32 and 33 for experimental papers in this area. [Pg.616]

There are several additional thermal quantities besides qsl and E that may be generically called heats of adsorption. One of these is the integral heat of adsorption Q , which is related to the isosteric heat of adsorption as follows [Pg.435]

The thermodynamic variables that can be directly obtained in adsorption experiments are AE or AH they are obtained from the heat of adsorption Q at constant T and V, or T and P, respectively. Q is the heat of adsorption per 1 mol of substance adsorbed, the integral heat of adsorption Q nt and the differential heat of adsorption Qdifj- are defined by [Pg.320]

ETS-10 is a titanosilicate with a three-dimensional 12-ring pore system and a very high ion-exchange capacity. The integral heats of adsorption of monoalkyl-amines on ETS-10 have been measured by isothermal calorimetry as a funchon of the n-alkylamine concentrahon [118]. The heats vary in the order methyl < ethyl < propyl < butyl amine. [Pg.428]

In this type of calorimeter, the heat flows through a thermocouple, and then the voltage potential, produced by the thermocouple and which is proportional to the thermal power, is amplified and recorded in an x-y plotter (see Figure 6.3) [3,31,34,49], The concrete thermal effect produced is the integral heat of adsorption, which is measured with the help of the heat-flow calorimeter using the equation [50] [Pg.285]

The number of sites titrated by NH3 and pyridine are similar except for sample Al-SBA-15(15) which means a good accessibility of pyridine in the solid pores without any steric hindrance. On the contrary, the integral heats of adsorption are higher when using pyridine due to its higher protonic affinity in gas phase compared to NH3 and the way in which probe molecules bind on the solid surface [6, 7]. [Pg.202]

When a definite quantity of a gas is admitted to a sample of activated carbon in a calorimeter, the total heat liberated, called the integral heat of adsorption, is usually reported as calories per mole (or milliliters) of adsorbed gas. Comparisons of integral heats of [Pg.233]

Iv) From heats of immersion q. = -A H = - A, H = - A, U is minus the enthalpy of wetting or of immersion. These enthalpy changes are defined as the difference (at constant temperature) between the enthalpy of the solid completely immersed in a wetting liquid and that of solid and liquid taken separately. These heats can be calorimetrlcally obtained and are very sensitive to the state of the solid surface Is it fully evacuated or Is there already some gas adsorbed In the simplest case is numerically equal to the difference between the integral heat of adsorption at saturation pressure and the heat of vaporization of the liquid. Alternatively, the solid can be precovered with a known amount of adsorbate. In fact, this is the way to determine A, ,n,H as a function of 9. [Pg.62]

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