The possibility of container-closure interactions should be considered, taking into account any admixture and dilution of products. Sorption of active ingredients and excipients should be considered as should leaching of container-closure components over the shelf life. Studies should extend to simulation of use. Pack components, administration devices (e.g., giving sets), and label adhesives should be considered. [Pg.656]

Specially prepared charts for different integral j then give sets... [Pg.160]

The methods below giving sets of weights fall into one of two classes those that involve no orthogonalization and those that do. We take up the former group first. [Pg.17]

B. Kirk, The evaluation of a light protecting giving set. lnt. Ther. Clin. Monit. 8 78-86, 1987. [Pg.375]

The usual dose is 2-4 mg/kg/day (British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines recommend the lower dose). It is given as an infusion over 2-6 hours diluted in glucose 5% or sodium chloride 0.9%. Note that ciclosporin diluted in sodium chloride 0.9% is only stable for 8 hours. Some PVC giving sets are incompatible with ciclosporin and so a special giving set may need to be used with the infusion. [Pg.18]

Kirk B. The evaluation of a new light-protective giving-set. Br J Parent Ther 1985 6 146-151. [Pg.427]

No discussion of maintenance of sterility is complete without addressing multiple-dose ophthalmic presentations. The normal circumstances for sterile parenteral products are that they are unit dose or, if multiple dose, they are penetrated only by sterile transfer devices (syringes, giving sets, etc.) and used on one patient only. This is not the case for ophthalmic ointments and drops unit-dose presentations are quite unusual and generally used only in hospital practice, for example, after eye surgery. [Pg.2292]

Dmgs and preservative molecules partitioning into the plastic of containers or giving sets... [Pg.164]

The ability of some macromolecules to adsorb at interfaces is made use of in suspension and emulsion stabilisation (see Chapter 7). Gelatin, acacia, poly(vinyl alcohol) and proteins adsorb at interfaces. Sometimes such adsorption is unwanted, as in the case of insulin adsorption onto glass infusion bottles and poly(vinyl chloride) infusion containers and tubing used in giving sets. Adsorption of insulin to glass bottles and plastic i.v. tubing at slow rates of infusion is well documented. It... [Pg.291]

In section 8.3.7 we discussed the adsorption of insulin on to glass and plastic materials used in syringes and giving sets. The plastic tubes... [Pg.417]

Figure 10.18 The possible modes of interaction between a drug and the plastic of a giving set. |

Some engineering problems give sets of simultaneous linear equations that are diagonally dominant. This involves the computation of finite difference equations, derived from the approximation of partial differential equations. A diagonally dominant system of linear equations has coefficients on the diagonal that are larger in absolute value than the sum of the absolute values of the other coefficients. [Pg.22]

Check against giving sets for fit, flow, removal of particulates, leakage, collapse (if collapsible), air ingress, etc. [Pg.250]

Now consider the case where the temperature profile of the previous trial was too high. This condition leads to a value of 9 greater than unity. In view of Eqs. (2-51) and (2-52), it is seen that the formulas for the mole fractions for each plate [Eq. (2-29)] give sets of compositions with a relatively smaller proportion of heavies than those obtained by direct iteration. Therefore, the temperatures computed on the basis of the corrected compositions are less than the corresponding temperatures calculated by the method of direct iteration, since the latter are calculated on the basis of the calculated dfs. [Pg.75]

VB concept of hybridization proposes the mixing of particular combinations of s, p, and d orbitals to give sets of hybrid orbitals, which have specifie geometries. Similarly, for eoordination eompounds, the model proposes that the number and type of metal-ion hybrid orbitals occupied by ligand lone pairs determine the geometry of the complex ion. Let s diseuss the orbital eombinations that lead to octahedral, square planar, and tetrahedral geometries. [Pg.749]

Michaels and Ruebner [9] reported two cases of patients whose temperatures rose dramatically while receiving intravenous therapy and then settled normally when the infusion apparatus was taken down. These authors attributed these reactions to in-use contamination of giving sets left in place over several days and over several changes of bottles of infusion fluid. [Pg.14]

As described113 we take J =6 and consider excitation of the rotator from the j = 0 state to levels up to/ = 2,4,6 giving sets of four, nine and sixteen coupled differential equations, respectively. Following Berstein115 and Allison113 the reduction of the interval [0, oo] to [0, xq] is obtained. The wavefunctions then vanish in this region and consequently the boundary condition (243) may be written as... [Pg.130]

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