The following sketch shows the same ultimate recovery (area under the curve), produced in three different production profiles. [Pg.208]

thermal conductivity detector, the areas under the peaks giving the amount adsorbed or desorbed. [Pg.616]

A Iraditional or one-dimensional integral corresponds to the area under the curve between Ihc imposed limit, as illustrated in Figure 1.11. Multiple integrals are simply extensions of llu vc ideas to more dimensions. We shall illustrate the principles using a frmction of two vai ialiles,/(r. yj. The double integral... [Pg.39]

Fig. 1.12 Three normal distributions with different values of a (Equation (1.55)). The functions are normalised, so the area under each curve is the same. |

Evaluation of a one-dimensional integral using the trapezium rule. The area under the curve is approximated mm of the areas of the trapeziums. [Pg.428]

energy density of radiation p(v, T) within a chamber at a fixed temperature T (essentially an oven or furnace) by opening a tiny transparent window in the chamber wall so as to let a little radiation out. The amount of radiation sampled must be very small so as not to disturb the equilibrium condition inside the chamber. When this is done at many different frequencies v, the blackbody spectrum is obtained. When the temperature is changed, the area under the spechal curve is greater or smaller and the curve is displaced on the frequency axis but its shape remains essentially the same. The chamber is called a blackbody because, from the point of view of an observer within the chamber, radiation lost through the aperture to the universe is perfectly absorbed the probability of a photon finding its way from the universe back through the aperture into the chamber is zero. [Pg.2]

Figure 1-3 Areas Under a Parabolic Arc Covering Two Subintervals of a Simpson s Rule Integration. |

PRINT " Simpson s Rule integration of the area under y = f (x) " DEF fna (x) = 100 - X 2 DEF fna lets you put any function you like here. PRINT "input limits a, andb, and the number of iterations desired n"... [Pg.12]

In the first pari of this project, the analytical form of the functional relationship is not used because it is not known. Integration is carried out directly on the experimental data themselves, necessitating a rather different approach to the programming of Simpson s method. In the second part of the project, a curve fitting program (TableCurve, Appendix A) is introduced. TableCurve presents the area under the fitted curve along with the curve itself. [Pg.24]

Along with the curve fitting process, TableCurve also calculates the area under the curve. According to the previous discussion, this is the entropy of the test substance, lead. To find the integral, click on the numeric at the left of the desktop and find 65.06 as the area under the curve over the range of x. The literature value depends slightly on the source one value (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics) is 64.8 J K mol. ... [Pg.28]

Write a program in BASIC to generate the area under the normal curve over the internal [0, 4] at internals of 0.0 Iz. [Pg.29]

The flmetion 5(co), ealled the Dirae delta flmetion, is the eontinuous analog to 5nm-It is zero unless co = o. If co = o, 5(co) is infinite, but it is infinite in sueh a way that the area under the eurve is preeisely unity. Its most useful definition is that 5(co) is the funetion whieh, for arbitrary f(co), the following identity holds ... [Pg.553]

The intensity of the signals as measured by the area under each peak which tells us the relative ratios of the different kinds of protons... [Pg.532]

Table 2.26b Areas Under the Normal Distribution Curve from 0 to z 2.122... |

From Table 2.26b the area under the normal curve from — 1.5cr to -I- 1.5cr is 0.866, meaning that 86.6% of the measurements will fall within the range 30.00 0.45 and 13.4% will lie outside this range. Half of these measurements, 6.7%, will be less than 29.55 and a similar percentage will exceed 30.45. In actuality the uncertainty in z is about 1 in 15 therefore, the value of z could lie between 1.4 and 1.6 the corresponding areas under the curve could lie between 84% and 89%. [Pg.194]

Note that /4 = 0 when capillary condensation is complete.) Integration by measurement of the area under the curve of ln(p°/p) against n between the stated limits therefore gives the value of A, which is the area of the walls of the cores, not of the pores (cf. Fig. 3.28). [Pg.171]

To convert the core area into the pore area ( = specific surface, if the external area is negligible) necessitates the use of a conversion factor R which is a function not only of the pore model but also of both r and t (cf. p. 148). Thus, successive increments of the area under the curve have to be corrected, each with its appropriate value of R. For the commonly used cylindrical model,... [Pg.171]

significance tests are based on probabilities, their interpretation is naturally subject to error. As we have already seen, significance tests are carried out at a significance level, a, that defines the probability of rejecting a null hypothesis that is true. For example, when a significance test is conducted at a = 0.05, there is a 5% probability that the null hypothesis will be incorrectly rejected. This is known as a type 1 error, and its risk is always equivalent to a. Type 1 errors in two-tailed and one-tailed significance tests are represented by the shaded areas under the probability distribution curves in Figure 4.10. [Pg.84]

Relationship between confidence intervals and results of a significance test, (a) The shaded area under the normal distribution curves shows the apparent confidence intervals for the sample based on fexp. The solid bars in (b) and (c) show the actual confidence intervals that can be explained by indeterminate error using the critical value of (a,v). In part (b) the null hypothesis is rejected and the alternative hypothesis is accepted. In part (c) the null hypothesis is retained. [Pg.85]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.668 ]

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