While conventional studies of over-all rates of co-oxidation may (4, 33) [with an occasional exception (33)] or may not (21) be capable of detecting small difference in termination constants, the discussion below shows that there are enough unknowns in co-oxidation rate studies that the careful rate measurements at the IFP are inadequate for measuring reactivity ratios (r values). Thus, from 12 pairs of r values determined... [Pg.65]

Table 2. MO-charge distribution for [Pt(CN)4]2. The r-values determine the spatial extent of the atomic spheres. These and the regions are defined in the text60,61 ... |

Example An aerosol is composed of particles randomly distributed in space with an average concentration Noo particles per unit volume. Let r be the center-to-center distance between two panicles that are nearest neighbors. Values of r vary among the panicle pairs, that is, there is a distribution of r values. Determine the frequency distribution function forr and calculate the average value of r (Chandrasekhar, 1943). [Pg.9]

C, that is, an essentially diffusion-controlled process. Following its fast reduction, Cua undergoes partial reoxidation (Eq. 24) as revealed by an increase in absorption at 830 nm [Fig. 23(a)]. The rate constant of this step, which is (1.67 0.15) X 10 s 25°C, pH 7.4 for bovine COX, was found to be independent of enzyme concentration, and therefore assigned as an intramolecular process (49). The value is in good agreement with the reciprocal r-value determined by Kobayashi et al. (151) in PR studies of this enzyme. [Pg.60]

Primary benzylic cations (monoarylmethyl cations) are not sufficiently stable with respect to equilibration with the parent alcohol to have their pA R+ values determined. The 2,4,6-trimethylbenzyl cation is a rather stable example of this type of carbonium ion, and has a pJ R+ of -17.4, corresponding to equal concentrations of carbonium ion and alcohol in 93% sulfuric acid. [Pg.199]

The determination of the resistance factor value by comparing water-oil ratio values at a given saturation is not as straightforward as in Fig. 5 because the saturations represent average values for the entire core. Furthermore, the saturation gradients are not the same so that R values determined from over-all flow and pressure measurements may not correlate with the numbers obtained from the ratio of the water-oil ratio values. [Pg.95]

Interestingly, the Tf2NH-catalyzed GTP produced a predominantly syndiotactic PMMA at room temperature (mm/mr/ rr= 1/27/72). Lowering the temperature to -55 °G allowed the author to reach 90% syndiotactidty (mm/mr/rr= 0/10/90), which compared with t-BuLi/AlRs, one of the most established transition metal-based synthetic pathways to syndiotactic PMMA. In the case of PDMA, the dyad tactidty (tn/r) was influenced by both the solvent polarity and the temperature of polymerization the (m/r) values determined vary from 35/ 65 in dichloromethane to 44/56 in toluene at 0 G and from 27/73 in dichloromethane to 38/62 in toluene at -78 G. [Pg.110]

It must always be borne in mind that when capillary condensation takes place during the course of isotherm determination, the pore walls are already covered with an adsorbed him, having a thickness t determined by the value of the relative pressure (cf. Chapter 2). Thus capillary condensation occurs not directly in the pore itself but rather in the inner core (Fig. 3.7). Consequently the Kelvin equation leads in the first instance to values of the core size rather than the pore size. The conversion of an r value to a pore size involves recourse to a model of pore shape, and also a knowledge of the angle of contact 0 between the capillary condensate and the adsorbed film on the walls. The involvement of 0 may be appreciated by consideration... [Pg.121]

Source Values taken from Bates, R. G. Determination of pH Theory and Practice, 2nd ed. Wiley New York, 1973. Concentrations are given in molality (moles solute per kilograms solvent). [Pg.492]

Property control charts can also be constructed using points that are the mean value, Xj, for a set of r replicate determinations on a single sample. The mean for the ith sample is given by... [Pg.716]

X-ray structures are determined at different levels of resolution. At low resolution only the shape of the molecule is obtained, whereas at high resolution most atomic positions can be determined to a high degree of accuracy. At medium resolution the fold of the polypeptide chain is usually correctly revealed as well as the approximate positions of the side chains, including those at the active site. The quality of the final three-dimensional model of the protein depends on the resolution of the x-ray data and on the degree of refinement. In a highly refined structure, with an R value less than 0.20 at a resolution around 2.0 A, the estimated errors in atomic positions are around 0.1 A to 0.2 A, provided the amino acid sequence is known. [Pg.392]

Choosing a non-zero value for uj corresponds to a time-dependent field with a frequency u, i.e. the ((r r)) propagator determines the frequency-dependent polarizability corresponding to an electric field described by the perturbation operator QW = r cos (cut). Propagator methods are therefore well suited for calculating dynamical properties, and by suitable choices for the P and Q operators, a whole variety of properties may be calculated. " ... [Pg.258]

For infinitely large chains a = 0 and h + c = R. Coefficients b and c can be separated, R value being determined in any experimental point. One can use the expression containing a greater number of terms in the expansion if required. Consequently the number of experimental determinations of coefficients will grow. [Pg.355]

The Rvalues determined for various valves, fittings, etc., are specific to the system, particularly valves. For example, most reliable data have been developed with valves and fittings installed in pipe of specific dimensions, then, if a larger or smaller inside diameter valve or fitting is to be installed in a pipe of different inside diameter, a correction of the R value should be made. [Pg.72]

Of course, by selecting the proper equation, flows for vapors and gases can be determined in the same way, as the R value is for the fitting or valve and not for the fluid. [Pg.72]

After the value of R is determined, the factor Kvt is obtained from the graph. Factor Kv is applied to correct the "preliminary required discharge area. If the corrected area exceeds the chosen standard orifice area", the above calculations should be repeated using the next larger standard orifice size. [Pg.444]

In the P-T projection the difference in slopes of the three-phase lines -clathrate-gas and liquid-clathrate-gas at the quadruple point R is determined by the heat of fusion of the number of moles of hydroquinone associated with one mole of argon in the clathrate under the conditions prevailing at R. If we extrapolate the three-phase line liquid-clathrate-gas to lower pressures (where it is no longer stable), the value of yA decreases until it becomes zero when we are dealing with pure / -hydroquinone. Hence, the metastable part of this three-phase line ends in the triple point B of /1-hydro-... [Pg.37]

Yukawa and coworkers (1972)84 determined a0 values from the rate constants for alkaline hydrolysis of m- and p-substituted-benzyl benzoates in 70% (v/v) aqueous acetone at 25 °C. ap° values for SOMe and S02Me were found to be 0.573 and 0.749 respectively. These were compared with 0.564 and 0.721, respectively, for

The molecular weights were estimated by applying the Mark-Houwink relationship [r/ = KMa. The intrinsic viscosity [r/ was determined in m-cresol at 20°C. The values for K in the literature vary from 1.35 to 18.10 x 10-4 and the a values vary from 0.654 to 0.96 for polyamide-cresol systems. [Pg.556]

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