According to Jenike, when the strength of the arch/is exceeded by the internal stress. s generated by a force applied above the dome, flow takes place. Summarizing ... [Pg.1937]

F, = force applied to the object as a function of time V = displacement of the object... [Pg.445]

This is the force per unit area e.xpressed in kgf/nini and is represented in a number of ways, depending upon the type of force applied, e.g. [Pg.915]

Over the time increment dt, the force applied on the left-hand side of the element acts over a distance u dt, so the work done on the element from the left is Pu dt. The force on the right-hand boundary of the element k P + (dPIdh), dh, and it travels a distance (u + (dufdh), dh) dt, so the work done by the element on the surrounding fluid to the right is (P + (dP/dh), dh)(u + (dujdh), dh) dt. The net work done on the fluid element is the difference... [Pg.28]

Forces applied to a rotor. Rotor-applied forces can be due to drive torques, couplings, gears, misalignment, and axial forces from piston and thrust unbalance. They can be destructive, and they often result in the total destruction of a machine. [Pg.201]

The forces applied by an impeller to the material contained in a vessel produce characteristic flow patterns that depend on the Impeller geometry, properties of the fluid, and the relative sizes and proportions of the tank, baffles and impeller. There are three principal types of flow patterns tangential, radial and axial. Tangential flow is observed when the liquid flows parallel to the path described by the mixer as illustrated in Figure 7. [Pg.446]

Equation (4.303) is valid but it is lacking something. The resistance force that applies to the component A has to be found, and not that for the whole mixture. The force applying to the whole mixture is the sum of the... [Pg.139]

Relaxation time The time necessary for a moving particle to adjust from one given steady state velocity to another, e.g., the time for a falling particle to reach its terminal velocity. It is independent of the nature of the force applied to the particle. [Pg.1472]

Bed shape is conical and depends on rotor angles and g force applied. Bold type indicates male-type fitting. [Pg.43]

For the chain (homogenous) consisting of one con-former, osmotic forces are similar to the ones stretching the molecule by the ends. Then, labor of the distance being estimated at constant temperature T , one can estimate 5ch value from the condition = F AR = T ASch)- If a more accurate estimation of the distance change valRe between the ends is required, one may calculate the R value, taking into account the distribution function of the distances between the ends R. The value of the mean-square distances between the ends of the chain, being stretched by forces, applied to the ends equals [14] ... [Pg.355]

The friction coefficient of 0.03 used above is so low due to the advantage of a wheel on an axle. The friction force at the axle of the pulley wheel is overcome by a smaller force applied at the rim in accord with the principle of the lever. [Pg.788]

Knowing the stretch L and the forces applied Fj and Fj and using Hooke s law (see the section titled Strength of Materials in Chapter 2), the length to the free point is... [Pg.1124]

Pressure is the amount of force applied to each unit area of a surface and is expressed in pounds per square inch, Ib/in (psi) or grams per square centimeter, gm/cm. Pressure may be exerted in one direction, in several directions, or in all directions. [Pg.587]

According to Pascal s law, any force applied to a confined fluid is transmitted uniformly in all directions throughout... [Pg.593]

In this case, the fluid column has a uniform cross section, so the area of the output piston is the same as the area of the input piston, or 10 square inches. Therefore, the upward force on the output piston is 100 pounds and is equal to the force applied to the input piston. All that was accomplished in this system was to transmit the 100 pounds of force around the bend. However, this principle underlies practically all mechanical applications of hydraulics or fluid power. [Pg.593]

You have learned that if a force is applied to a system and the cross-sectional areas of the input and output are equal, the force on the input piston will support an equal resistant force on the output piston. The pressure of the liquid at this point is equal to the force applied to the input piston divided by the piston s area. Let us now look at what happens when a force greater than the resistance is applied to the input piston. [Pg.595]

The valve consists primarily of a movable poppet, which closes against the valve seat. In the closed position, fluid pressure on the inlet side tends to hold the valve tightly closed. A small amount of movement from a force applied to the top of the poppet stem opens the poppet and allows fluid to flow through the valve. [Pg.615]

A clear understanding of the mechanical movement of machines and their components is an essential part of vibration analysis. This understanding, coupled with the forces applied by the process, are the foundation for diagnostic accuracy. [Pg.670]

The mass-stiffness-damping system also can be disturbed by a periodic variation of external forces applied to the mass at any frequency. The system shown in Figure 43.12 is increased in complexity by the addition of an external force, Fo, acting downward on the mass. [Pg.680]

In a predictive and reliability maintenance program, it is extremely important to keep good historical records of key parameters. How measurement point locations and orientation to the machine s shaft were selected should be kept as part of the database. It is important that every measurement taken throughout the life of the maintenance program be acquired at exactly the same point and orientation. In addition, the compressive load, or downward force, applied to the transducer should be the same for each measurement. [Pg.687]

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