The Szyszkowski equation has proved useful for describing the relatively simple adsorptions under consideration. However, its foundation is at issue because the Langmuir equation was not derived for mobile but for localized adsorbates the translational entropy is not properly accounted for. We return to this issue below, in the mean time accepting [4.3.13] as a useful empirical expression. [Pg.479]

The data of v. Szyszkowski have been employed for determining FA. [Pg.48]

Equation [4.3.13] is the Szyszkowski equation, after B. von Szyszkowski who proposed [Pg.479]

There are three forms of the Langmuir-Szyszkowski equation, Eq. III-57, Eq. Ill-107, and a third form that expresses ir as a function of F. (n) Derive Eq. III-57 from Eq. Ill-107 and (b) derive the third form. [Pg.93]

These two equations represent the generalized Szyszkowski-Langmuir adsorption model. [Pg.31]

Equations 21 and 22 present the useful extension of the Szyszkowski-Langmuir model to the adsorption with two orientational states at the interface. If the molecular interactions are considered, a similar simphfied model with P = 2 = P and b = b2 = b can be obtained from Eqs. 10 and 11, giving [Pg.32]

An analogical - but empirical - equation was given earlier by Szyszkowski (1908). When the surface tension of both the components does not differ much, Eq. (6.34) leads to a simple additivity law for surface tensions. If ai and a2 are sufficiently close, then the exponentials can be expanded into a MacLaurin series giving [Pg.278]

The Frumkin theory with Eqs. 17-18 presents the first improvement of the Szyszkowski-Langmuir theory and is shown in Pig. 1 by the thick line. The Frumkin theory requires input for the surfactant interaction parameter [Pg.38]

In the following table are given the limiting values of A calculated from Milner s and v. Szyszkowski s equations by Langmuir and Harkins. [Pg.45]

Very careful measurements by the method of capillary rise have been carried out by Volkmann, v. Szyszkowski, Richards and Harkins. [Pg.11]

Finally, assuming the ideality of both the enthalpic and entropic mixing gives p = 0 and Eqs. 17 and 18 simplify to the well-known Szyszkowski-Langmuir equation given by [Pg.31]

Bianco and Marmur [143] have developed a means to measure the surface elasticity of soap bubbles. Their results are well modeled by the von Szyszkowski equation (Eq. III-57) and Eq. Ill-118. They find that the elasticity increases with the size of the bubble for small bubbles but that it may go through a maximum for larger bubbles. Li and Neumann [144] have shown the effects of surface elasticity on wetting and capillary rise phenomena, with important implications for measurement of surface tension. [Pg.90]

Fig.l Surface tension versus solution concentration of nonionic surfactant CnEs as measured at r = 298.15 K (data points) [45], and as predicted by the Szyszkowski-Langmuir adsorption model (thin line) described by Eq. 20 and by the Frumkin adsorption model (thick line) described by Eqs. 17-18 [Pg.39]

Similar conclusions as to the attainment of a finite maximum value of r as pointed out by Langmuir J.A.G.S. xxxix. 1883, 1917) can be obtained from an empiric equation put forward by V. Szyszkowski Zeit Phys. Qhem. LXiv. 385,1908) in the following form [Pg.42]

Where T is the excess surface concentration and R and T have their usual meanings. In order to evaluate the slopes, dyint/dCp, the experimental data of dyint versus Qc and Cpeo can be adjusted to the empirical equation of Szyszkowski [30], [Pg.213]

Since c- -ac c, the number of adsorbed mols in the surface is per cm.2, or iVTco molecules per cm.2. At T=293° K., (Xq=72 5 for water, and hence the surface covered by one molecule (which is equal to 1 jFtoN) is 12 8xlO i /j3. Szyszkowski found ji3=0411, hence the surface is 31 x 10 i cm., approximately the square of the molecular diameter. Langmuir also derived an inteipretation of the constant a. Tamamushii used an approximate form of Szyszkowski s equation [Pg.202]

Fig. 3 Comparison of the surface tension for nonionic surfactant CnEg as measured at T = 298.15 K, data points [45], with improved models considering orientational states of surfactant molecules at the surface. The data shown are obtained by regression analysis minimizing the revised chi-square The calculation with fi = 0 represents the best fit of the improved Szyszkowski-Langmuir model described by Eqs. 21 and 22. The other calculated curve with =- 3.921 shows the best fit of the improved Frumkin adsorption model described by Eqs. 23 and 24 |

© 2019 chempedia.info