Wliat is left to understand about this reaction One key remaining issue is the possible role of otiier electronic surfaces. The discussion so far has assumed that the entire reaction takes place on a single Bom-Oppenlieimer potential energy surface. Flowever, three potential energy surfaces result from the mteraction between an F atom and FI,. The spin-orbit splitting between the - 12 and Pi/2 states of a free F atom is 404 cm When... [Pg.880]

The perturbations in this case are between a singlet and a triplet state. The perturbation Hamiltonian, H, of the second-order perturbation theory is spin-orbital coupling, which has the effect of mixing singlet and triplet states. [Pg.1142]

Chuang C, Andrews P M and Lester M I 1995 Intermolecular vibrations and spin-orbit predissooiation dynamios of NeOH J. Chem. Phys. 103 3418-29... [Pg.1262]

Because the spin-orbit interaction is anisotropic (there is a directional dependence of the view each electron has of the relevant orbitals), the intersystem crossing rates from. S to each triplet level are different. [Pg.1609]

For the El state, the projeetion A = 1 of the eleetron orbital angular momentum along the intemuelear axis ean eouple with the projeetion S = to yield two spin-orbit levels, witii D = jand i The NO(X n)... [Pg.2076]

For high rotational levels, or for a moleeule like OFI, for whieh the spin-orbit splitting is small, even for low J, the pattern of rotational/fme-stnieture levels approaehes the Flund s ease (b) limit. In this situation, it is not meaningful to speak of the projeetion quantum number Rather, we first eonsider the rotational angular momentum N exelusive of the eleetron spin. This is then eoupled with the spin to yield levels with total angular momentum J = N + dand A - d. As before, there are two nearly degenerate pairs of levels assoeiated... [Pg.2076]

The one-electron additivity of the mean-field Hamiltonian gives rise to the concept of spin orbitals for any additive bi fact, there is no single mean-field potential different scientists have put forth different suggestions for over the years. Each gives rise to spin orbitals and configurations that are specific to the particular However, if the difference between any particular mean-field model and the fiill electronic... [Pg.2162]

By expressing the mean-field interaction of an electron at r with the N- 1 other electrons in temis of a probability density pyy r ) that is independent of the fact that another electron resides at r, the mean-field models ignore spatial correlations among the electrons. In reality, as shown in figure B3.T5 the conditional probability density for finding one ofA - 1 electrons at r, given that one electron is at r depends on r. The absence of a spatial correlation is a direct consequence of the spin-orbital product nature of the mean-field wavefiinctions... [Pg.2163]

To improve upon die mean-field picture of electronic structure, one must move beyond the singleconfiguration approximation. It is essential to do so to achieve higher accuracy, but it is also important to do so to achieve a conceptually correct view of the chemical electronic structure. Although the picture of configurations in which A electrons occupy A spin orbitals may be familiar and usefiil for systematizing the electronic states of atoms and molecules, these constructs are approximations to the true states of the system. They were introduced when the mean-field approximation was made, and neither orbitals nor configurations can be claimed to describe the proper eigenstates T, . It is thus inconsistent to insist that the carbon atom... [Pg.2163]

In most of the connnonly used ab initio quantum chemical methods [26], one fonns a set of configurations by placing N electrons into spin orbitals in a maimer that produces the spatial, spin and angular momentum syimnetry of the electronic state of interest. The correct wavefimction T is then written as a linear combination of tire mean-field configuration fimctions qj = example, to describe the... [Pg.2164]

Wlien considering the ground state of the Be atom, the following four antisyimnetrized spin-orbital products are found to have the largest amplitudes ... [Pg.2164]

Given a set of A -electron space- and spin-synnnetty-adapted configuration state fiinctions in tenns of which is to be expanded as T = S. Cj two primary questions arise (1) how to detemiine the 9 coefficients and the energy E and (2) how to find the best spin orbitals ( ). ] Let us first consider the 1 where a single configuration is used so only the question of detemiining the spin orbitals exists. [Pg.2167]

The simplest trial fiinction employed in ab initio quantum chemistry is the single Slater detemiinant fiinction in which N spin orbitals are occupied by N electrons ... [Pg.2167]

For such a function, variational optimization of the spin orbitals to make the expectation value ( F // T ) stationary produces [30] the canonical FIF equations... [Pg.2167]

The HF [31] equations = e.cj). possess solutions for the spin orbitals in T (the occupied spin orbitals) as well as for orbitals not occupied in F (the virtual spin orbitals) because the operator is Flennitian. Only the ( ). occupied in F appear in the Coulomb and exchange potentials of the Fock operator. [Pg.2168]

As fonnulated above, the FIF equations yield orbitals that do not guarantee that F has proper spin symmetry. To illustrate, consider an open-shell system such as the lithium atom. If Isa, IsP, and 2sa spin orbitals are chosen to appear in F, the Fock operator will be... [Pg.2168]

Acting on an a spin orbital (j) with F and carrymg out the spin integrations, one obtains... [Pg.2168]

Spin orbitals of a and p type do not experience the same exchange potential in this model because contains two a spin orbitals and only one p spin orbital. A consequence is that the optimal Isa and IsP spin orbitals, which are themselves solutions of p([). = .([)., do not have identical orbital energies (i.e. E p) and are... [Pg.2168]

B3.1.5.2 THE LINEAR COMBINATIONS OF ATOMIC ORBITALS TO FORM MOLECULAR ORBITALS EXPANSION OF THE SPIN ORBITALS... [Pg.2169]

Thus E. is the average value of the kinetic energy plus the Coulombic attraction to the nuclei for an electron in ( ). plus the sum over all of the spin orbitals occupied in of the Coulomb minus exchange interactions. If is an occupied spin orbital, the temi [J.. - K..] disappears and the latter sum represents the Coulomb minus exchange interaction of ( ). with all of the 1 other occupied spin orbitals. If is a virtual spin orbital, this cancellation does not occur, and one obtains the Coulomb minus exchange interaction of cji. with all N of the occupied spin orbitals. [Pg.2173]

The FIF orbitals of the parent molecule are used to describe both species. It is said that such a model neglects "orbitalrelaxation" (i.e. the reoptimization of the spin orbitals to allow them to become appropriate to the daughter species). [Pg.2173]

Within this model, the energy difference between the daughter and the parent can be written as follows (i ) represents the particular spin orbital that is added or removed) ... [Pg.2173]

So, within the limitations of the single-detenninant, frozen-orbital model, the ionization potentials (IPs) and electron affinities (EAs) are given as the negative of the occupied and virtual spin-orbital energies, respectively. This statement is referred to as Koopmans theorem [47] it is used extensively in quantum chemical calculations as a means for estimating IPs and EAs and often yields results drat are qualitatively correct (i.e., 0.5 eV). [Pg.2174]

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