To eharaeterize the quality of test-system the notion relative width of UR region was suggested for the first time. The less the value of UR region relative width is the test-system the more tolerant to the random interferenees and better in analytieal sense. In the work the dependenee of LDC on the reaetion type, observation eondition of test-means staining, the earrier material type, UR region relative width and the number of observations was analysed. [Pg.307]

Relative width of region of unreliable reaction (5) was estimated as the ratio of difference between maximum and minimal concentrations to minimal concentration in this region. The test-system containing Co [Fe(CN)g] is the most resistant to uncontrolled factors, the lowest detection limit characterizes a film with Ni,[Fe(CN)J. The possibility of test-films application for quantitative determination of nitroxoline is testified. [Pg.325]

Figure 1.11 Effect of microwave power on relative width and amplitude of a line. |

Equation (2) shows that the resolution is a function of three different factors (1) the resolving power of the column as measured by the plate number that expresses the relative width of bands (2) the relative retention of the two compounds that measures how far apart the bands are from each other and (3) the magnitude of retention, as separation is a result of retention. The relative influence of these factors has been discussed by Snyder (72,13) in a form very easy to use in practice. [Pg.5]

Considerable effort has been expended on selecting the best dumb-bell shape and size, particularly by ISO Committee TC45. The type 1 dumb-bell of ISO 37 with a 6 mm wide centre portion and preferably cut from 2 mm thick sheet is very widely used (Figure 8.9) but the type 2 has gained in popularity simply because it is smaller and, hence, uses less material. The relative width of the centre and ends, and the radii where the two join, affect the ease of gripping and the incidence of shoulder breaks, and these standard dumb-bells were selected as the best compromise. However, the type 1A dumb-bell used in Japanese standards has now been introduced because it has been shown to exhibit less frequent breaks outside of the gauge length... [Pg.135]

Each of these confidence intervals (the calculated interval and the critical interval) can be expressed in terms of b0, sh, and some value of t (see Equation 6.5). Because the same values of b0 and sh(i are used for the construction of these intervals, the information about the relative widths of the intervals is contained in the two values of /. One of these, /crit, is simply obtained from the table of critical value of / - it is the value used to obtain the critical confidence interval shown in Figure 6.7 or 6.8. The other, /calc, is calculated from the minimum confidence interval about b0 that will include the value zero and is obtained from a rearrangement of Equation 6.5. [Pg.92]

caustic soda (Na0H) and examined under the light microscope with a specific assessment of the relative width of the fiber versus its wall thickness used to identify a fiber as mature, immature, or dead. [Pg.119]

This is a commonly used model function for size distributions. The adjustable )arameters of the fit function given by ecp 5 are / o, the radius in the maximum of the pore size distribution, the relative width a and Aif Sp/rn.. According to eq. 7 the mean pore volume Vp, and the mean pore radius Rp of a single pore were determined from the fitted... [Pg.364]

The second reason for potential deviations between analysis and bulk mass is the inevitable statistical fluctuation of any analytical value. Even in an ideal mixture the characteristic to be determined (e.g. the percentage passing at a particular dimension) will result in different values for each sample. The results of measurements will fluctuate around a mean value whereby results near the mean value are most frequently obtained. There is a probability smaller than unity that a result will be within a certain range around the mean value. Often, the confidence interval for 95% probability is used, which means that 95 out of 100 measurements will produce values within the range. The relative width of this interval depends critically on sample size and the nature of the characteristic to be measured—the larger the sample the narrower the interval. Detailed information is provided in textbooks on statistics and quality control.For example, for the determination of number populations a rule of thumb requires that the sample must consist of at least 1000 or better 10 000 particles. [Pg.48]

Here and Na are the mass and number density of a particles, respectively, is the resonance energy (in the center-of-mass frame), I, is the relative width, and all other symbols have their usual meaning. These authors also introduced small variations in the strengths of the nucleon-nucleon interaction and in the... [Pg.116]

Fig. 1. (a) Schematic view of graded multilayer. The two basic components otthe multilayer are Ti and TiC layers. The basic unit of the multilayer is a juxtaposed double layer of Ti and TiC. This basic unit has a constant L width. The relative width of the two components of this basic unit varies, however, as one proceeds from one end of the multilayer to its other. In the vicinity of the Ti substrate, the Ti component makes up most of the basic unit on side, this basic unit consists mostly of the TiC component, (b) Schematic drawing of the possible outcome of the diffusion anneal on the microstructure of the functionally gradient region. [Pg.398]

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