The second moment is proportional to the surface area of the particles composing the aerosol [Pg.15]

The third moment is proportional to the total volume of the particles per unit volume of gas [Pg.15]

The fourth moment is proportional to the total projected area of the material sedimenting from a stationary fluid. For spherical particles larger than 1 the terminal settling velocity [Pg.15]

The fifth moment is proportional to the mass flux of material sedimenting from a dutd [Pg.16]

In a similar fashion we can define P x), the distribution function along the X axis, by integrating P x,y) over y. [Pg.125]

We can now verify that P(x) represents the correct distribution function of matter along the x axis by a final integration [Pg.125]

The 7ith moment of a variable x which is distributed over a range of values according to a function P(x) is defined by [Pg.125]

For any given problem we will select that function which involves the variables in which we are interested. [Pg.125]

In dealing with distributions in more than one variable it is important to define the property of independence. The variables will be said to be independent if the distribution function may be written as a product of functions of each of one of the variables. Thus if we can write [Pg.125]

For the definition of the average value of any characteristic of a particle system, statistical physics offers a special function the so-called function of distribution of particles on a given physical property. We shall consider the notion of the distribution function in more detail. [Pg.172]

In a multiparticle system some particles may have different characteristics. To find the distribution of particles of a given system on any characteristic means to find the relative number of particles for which the given physical value has a numerical magnitude lying in the given interval of values. This distribution is nonuniform for example, the concentration of particles with low speeds is much less than the concentration of particles with average speeds. [Pg.172]

We shall designate by x a value of distribution upon which a system is examined this can be speed, energy, etc. We shall designate dN(x) as the number of particles, the parameter X of which hes in a limit from x up to x + dx. Certainly, dN x) increases as wider the interval and greater the number of particles in the system that is dN x) Ndx or dN x) = ANdx, where A is the proportionality coefficient. This coefficient should be a function of x since in identical intervals at different x intervals, the number of particles can be different, i.e., A = f x). Then dN(x) = fix)Ndx, or [Pg.172]

The magnitude dN(x)/(N) is a share (or relative amount) of particles, the parameter x of which lies in an interval from xtox + dx. [Pg.172]

This quantity can be treated in the probability sense w. If one managed to measure the property of any specified particle then it is a probability dN(x)/N, that the particular particle has a property lying in the interval x-x + dx. Therefore, [Pg.172]

The analysis of the direct data, namely, volume penetrated versus pressure, is as follows. Let d V be the volume of pores of radii between r and r - dr d V will be related to r by some distribution function Z)(r) ... [Pg.578]

Thus D(r) is given by the slope of the V versus P plot. The same distribution function can be calculated from an analysis of vapor adsorption data showing hysteresis due to capillary condensation (see Section XVII-16). Joyner and co-woikers [38] found that the two methods gave very similar results in the case of charcoal, as illustrated in Fig. XVI-2. See Refs. 36 and 39 for more recent such comparisons. There can be some question as to what the local contact angle is [31,40] an error here would shift the distribution curve. [Pg.578]

Alternatively, an integral distribution function F may be defined as giving the fraction of surface for which the adsorption energy is greater than or equal to a given Q,... [Pg.655]

If the differential distribution function is exponential in Q (Section XVII-14A), the resulting Q(P, T) is that known as the Freundlich isotherm... [Pg.699]

We have seen various kinds of explanations of why may vary with 6. The subject may, in a sense, be bypassed and an energy distribution function obtained much as in Section XVII-14A. In doing this, Cerefolini and Re [149] used a rate law in which the amount desorbed is linear in the logarithm of time (the Elovich equation). [Pg.709]

In general, it is diflfieult to quantify stnietural properties of disordered matter via experimental probes as with x-ray or neutron seattering. Sueh probes measure statistieally averaged properties like the pair-correlation function, also ealled the radial distribution function. The pair-eorrelation fiinetion measures the average distribution of atoms from a partieular site. [Pg.131]

Unlike the solid state, the liquid state cannot be characterized by a static description. In a liquid, bonds break and refomi continuously as a fiinction of time. The quantum states in the liquid are similar to those in amorphous solids in the sense that the system is also disordered. The liquid state can be quantified only by considering some ensemble averaging and using statistical measures. For example, consider an elemental liquid. Just as for amorphous solids, one can ask what is the distribution of atoms at a given distance from a reference atom on average, i.e. the radial distribution function or the pair correlation function can also be defined for a liquid. In scattering experiments on liquids, a structure factor is measured. The radial distribution fiinction, g r), is related to the stnicture factor, S q), by... [Pg.132]

Typical results for a semiconducting liquid are illustrated in figure Al.3.29 where the experunental pair correlation and structure factors for silicon are presented. The radial distribution function shows a sharp first peak followed by oscillations. The structure in the radial distribution fiinction reflects some local ordering. The nature and degree of this order depends on the chemical nature of the liquid state. For example, semiconductor liquids are especially interesting in this sense as they are believed to retain covalent bonding characteristics even in the melt. [Pg.132]

This is the Planck distribution function. The themial average energy in theyth mode is (including the zero point energy)... [Pg.409]

Flere g(r) = G(r) + 1 is called a radial distribution function, since n g(r) is the conditional probability that a particle will be found at fif there is another at tire origin. For strongly interacting systems, one can also introduce the potential of the mean force w(r) tln-ough the relation g(r) = exp(-pm(r)). Both g(r) and w(r) are also functions of temperature T and density n... [Pg.422]

Figure A2.3.7 The radial distribution function g r) of a Lemiard-Jones fluid representing argon at T = 0.72 and p = 0.844 detennined by computer simulations using the Lemiard-Jones potential. |

Figure A2.3.8 Atom-atom distribution functions aiid for liquid water at 25 °C detemrined... |

Integral equation approximations for the distribution functions of simple atomic fluids are discussed in the following. [Pg.480]

In the limit of zero ion size, i.e. as o —> 0, the distribution functions and themiodynamic fiinctions in the MS approximation become identical to the Debye-Htickel limiting law. [Pg.495]

Born M and Green H S 1946 A general kinetic theory of liquids I. The molecular distribution functions Proc. R. Soc. A 188 10... [Pg.551]

Hiroike K 1972 Long-range correlations of the distribution functions in the canonical ensemble J. Phys. Soc. Japan 32 904... [Pg.554]

Microscopic theory yields an exact relation between the integral of the radial distribution function g(r) and the compressibility... [Pg.647]

We are going to carry out some spatial integrations here. We suppose that tire distribution function vanishes at the surface of the container and that there is no flow of energy or momentum into or out of the container. (We mention in passing that it is possible to relax this latter condition and thereby obtain a more general fonn of the second law than we discuss here. This requires a carefiil analysis of the wall-collision temi The interested reader is referred to the article by Dorfman and van Beijeren [14]. Here, we will drop the wall operator since for the purposes of this discussion it merely ensures tliat the distribution fiinction vanishes at the surface of the container.) The first temi can be written as... [Pg.684]

It is conventional to express tlie stmctiiral infomiation in temis of a pair distance distribution function, or PDDF [5], which is defined by p(r) = p-P(r). Using this, equation (Bl.8.10 becomes... [Pg.1370]

Toby B FI and Egami T 1992 Accuracy of pair distribution function analysis applied to crystalline and noncrystalline materials Aota Crystaiiogr.k 48 336-46... [Pg.1383]

It is instructive to see this in temis of the canonical ensemble probability distribution function for the energy, NVT - Referring to equation B3.3.1 and equation (B3.3.2I. it is relatively easy to see that... [Pg.2247]

In either case, first-order or continuous, it is usefiil to consider the probability distribution function for variables averaged over a spatial block of side L this may be the complete simulation box (in which case we... [Pg.2266]

Binder K 1981 Finite size scaling analysis of Ising-model block distribution-functions Z. Phys. B. Oondens. Matter. 43 119-40... [Pg.2285]

Typical shapes of the orientation distribution function are shown in figure C2.2.10. In a liquid crystal phase, the more highly oriented the phase, the moreyp tends to be sharjDly peaked near p=0. However, in the isotropic phase, a molecule has an equal probability of taking on any orientation and then/P is constant. [Pg.2555]

Here the bar indicates an average over the orientational distribution function.Here cos — 4)is the... [Pg.2555]

Figure C2.2.10. Orientational distribution functions for (a) a highly oriented liquid crystal phase, (b) a less well... |

Leadbetter A J and Norris E K 1979 Distribution functions in hree liquid crystals from x-ray diffraction measurements Moiec. Phys. 38 669-86... [Pg.2568]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.96 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.438 , Pg.448 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.319 , Pg.320 , Pg.321 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.173 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.105 , Pg.231 , Pg.234 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.228 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.2 , Pg.3 , Pg.13 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.94 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.91 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.3 , Pg.61 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.94 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.54 , Pg.55 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.234 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.33 , Pg.34 , Pg.46 , Pg.47 , Pg.48 , Pg.49 , Pg.50 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.99 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.530 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.70 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.94 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.355 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.112 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.143 , Pg.300 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.99 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.228 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.190 , Pg.210 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.220 , Pg.221 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.530 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.521 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.475 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.257 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.20 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.90 , Pg.231 , Pg.462 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.61 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.18 , Pg.29 , Pg.38 , Pg.39 , Pg.323 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.301 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.116 , Pg.213 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.284 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.177 , Pg.177 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.28 , Pg.29 , Pg.30 , Pg.31 , Pg.32 , Pg.33 , Pg.36 , Pg.100 , Pg.101 , Pg.112 , Pg.133 , Pg.134 , Pg.140 , Pg.165 , Pg.166 , Pg.171 , Pg.173 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.98 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.203 , Pg.398 , Pg.399 , Pg.400 , Pg.404 , Pg.407 , Pg.409 , Pg.420 , Pg.421 , Pg.426 , Pg.432 , Pg.433 , Pg.438 , Pg.444 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.33 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.17 , Pg.29 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.528 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.288 , Pg.289 , Pg.295 , Pg.296 , Pg.297 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.36 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.33 , Pg.61 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.133 , Pg.134 , Pg.140 , Pg.707 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.70 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.76 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.58 , Pg.69 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.20 , Pg.20 , Pg.69 , Pg.70 , Pg.71 , Pg.72 , Pg.73 , Pg.74 , Pg.75 , Pg.76 , Pg.77 , Pg.78 , Pg.79 , Pg.80 , Pg.81 , Pg.82 , Pg.83 , Pg.84 , Pg.173 , Pg.298 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.216 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.226 , Pg.229 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.19 , Pg.311 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.7 , Pg.8 , Pg.19 , Pg.90 , Pg.150 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.120 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.36 , Pg.135 , Pg.164 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.25 , Pg.162 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.33 , Pg.47 , Pg.48 , Pg.55 , Pg.56 , Pg.60 , Pg.62 , Pg.71 , Pg.72 , Pg.83 , Pg.175 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.262 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.23 , Pg.29 , Pg.33 , Pg.50 , Pg.53 , Pg.61 , Pg.62 , Pg.90 , Pg.94 , Pg.101 , Pg.102 , Pg.112 , Pg.128 , Pg.130 , Pg.135 , Pg.145 , Pg.234 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.320 ]

© 2019 chempedia.info