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** Applications of elementary catastrophe theory (non-chemical systems) **

T. Poston and 1. Stewart, Catastrophe Theory and Its Applications, Pitman, 1978. [Pg.93]

Michael Thompson was bom in Cottingham, Yorkshire, on 7 June 1937, studied at Cambridge, where he graduated with first class honours in Mechanical Sciences in 1958 and obtained his PhD in 1962 and his ScD in 1977. He was a Fulbright researcher in aeronautics at Stanford University and joined University College London (UCL) in 1964. He has published four books on instabilities, bifurcations, catastrophe theory and chaos and... [Pg.183]

This fine balance between the protection and destruction of the processes maintaining life is a reminiscent of the catastrophe theory proposed by Rene Thom in the early 1970 s [323]. We are currently applying mathematical modelling to this biological feedback system in order to establish its relationship with the catastrophe hypothesis. [Pg.365]

Gilmore, R. (1981), Catastrophe Theory for Scientists and Engineers, Wiley, New York. [Pg.226]

While the conditions 1,2 can be verified approximately by simulation, proving the condition 3 is very difficult. Note that in many studies of chaotic behavior of a CSTR, only the conditions 1,2 are verified, which does not imply chaotic d3mamics, from a rigorous point of view. Nevertheless, the fulfillment of conditions 1,2, can be enough to assure the long time chaotic behavior i.e. that the chaotic motion is not transitory. From the global bifurcations and catastrophe theory other chaotic behavior can be considered throughout the disappearance of a saddle-node fixed point [10], [19], [26]. [Pg.249]

Saunders, P.T. (1980), An Introduction to Catastrophe Theory, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY. [Pg.425]

J.L. Salager Phase Transformation and Emulsion Inversion on the Basis of Catastrophe Theory. In P. Becher (ed). Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology. Vol. 3. Basic Theory. Measurement. Applications. Marcel Dekker, New York (1988). [Pg.47]

CHARGE RELAY SYSTEM CATASTROPHE THEORY Catastrophic depolymerization of microtubules,... [Pg.729]

In the realms of chaos and catastrophe theory, there are systems that have different values depending on their past history, but chemical analysis may be considered to be (mostly) well behaved. [Pg.103]

A. Okninski, Catastrophe Theory, Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics, Vol. 33 (Polish Scientific Publishers, Warszawa, 1992). [Pg.594]

ZEEMAN, ERIK CHRISTOPHER (1925-). Zeeman was an English mathematician. His doctoral work was in pure mathematics and he received his Ph D. in 1954 for a thesis on knots and all the algebra you need to actually prove the existence of knots. He did research in topology, which is a type of geometry that examines the properties of shapes in many dimensions. His best known work was in catastrophe theory. His work has consequences for a broad range of fields from weather to psychiatry. Zeeman also made contributions in the development of the chaos theory. [Pg.1773]

The context of Uppal, Ray, and Poore s work was the revival of interest in Hopf bifurcation at the end of the 1960s and the soon-to-be-transmogrified catastrophe theory of Zeeman. Ray has followed up this type of analysis in studies of polymerization and other important processes. [Pg.80]

Chang, H.-C. and Calo, J. M., 1979, Exact criteria for uniqueness and multiplicity of an nth order chemical reaction via a catastrophe theory approach. Chem. Engng ScL 34, 285-299. [Pg.281]

The phenomena of ignition and extinction of a flame are typical examples of discontinuous change in a system under smooth variation of parameters. It is natural that they have played a substantial role in the formation of one of the branches of modern mathematics—catastrophe theory. In Ya.B. s work it is clearly shown that steady, time-independent solutions which arise asymptotically from non-steady solutions as the time goes to infinity are discontinuous. It is further shown that transition from one type of solution to the other occurs when the first ceases to exist. The interest which this set of problems stirred among mathematicians is illustrated by I. M. Gel fand s... [Pg.28]

In the modern mathematical theory of Lagrange singularities the metamorphosis of saucer formation is the first in a long list (related to the classification of Lie groups, catastrophe theory, etc.). But Ya.B. s pancake theory was constructed two years prior to these mathematical theories and, thus, Ya.B. s work anticipated a series of results in catastrophe theory and the theory of singularities. Many later mathematical studies in the theory of singularities and metamorphoses of caustics and wave fronts were performed under the influence of Ya.B. s pioneering work in 1970 on the pancake theory [34 ]. [Pg.46]

Sketch a response surface showing length (y,) as a function of force exerted (x,) on a rubber band that is stretched until it breaks. Give examples of other catastrophic response surfaces. [See, for example, Saunders, P.T. (1980). An Introduction to Catastrophe Theory. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.]... [Pg.39]

Figure 2 represents three-dimensional kinetic dependences in the "VF x PAi x PB coordinates for the impact (a) and adsorption (b) mechanisms. In our opinion, an analogy between the surface peculiarities in Fig. 2(b) with those examined and classified in catastrophe theory [220, 221] can be claimed. [Pg.280]

This concept has been borrowed from the "catastrophe theory . Nowadays this theory has been extensively developed [220]. Strictly speaking, it is the theory of the peculiarities of differentiable mappings [221]. [Pg.284]

T. Poston and I. Steward, Catastrophe Theory and its Applications, Pitman, London, 1978 Mir, Moscow, 1980 (in Russian). [Pg.308]

A theoretical study on the reaction mechanism for the Bergman cyclization from the perspective of the Electron Localization Function and Catastrophe Theory has been reported.175 The authors argue that topological analysis of electron localization function can be used to complement the molecular orbital- or valence bond-based methods. [Pg.488]

R. Gilmore,"Catastrophe theory for scientists and engineers", J. Wiley and sons, New York, Chapt. 10 (1981)... [Pg.292]

Zeeman, E.C. 1977. Catastrophe Theory CollectedPapers. Addison-Wesley, New York. [Pg.293]

We here summarize the results of Bader et a/.118 which are concerned with the definition of molecular structure and with the extension of this concept, together with the associated concept of a bond, to the dynamic case. A precise description and physical interpretation of the making and breaking of chemical bonds is presented by these workers in a quantitative analysis of the evolution of molecular structure. The topological analysis of the dynamic system, as pointed out by Collard and Hall,119 falls naturally into the realm of an existing and elegant mathematical theory, the catastrophe theory of Thom.120... [Pg.159]

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** Applications of elementary catastrophe theory (non-chemical systems) **

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