In this section the existence of a solution to the three-dimensional elastoplastic problem with the Prandtl-Reuss constitutive law and the Neumann boundary conditions is obtained. The proof is based on a suitable combination of the parabolic regularization of equations and the penalty method for the elastoplastic yield condition. The method is applied in the case of the domain with a smooth boundary as well as in the case of an interior two-dimensional crack. It is shown that the weak solutions to the elastoplastic problem satisfying the variational inequality meet all boundary conditions. The results of this section can be found in (Khludnev, Sokolowski, 1998a). [Pg.306]

The functions v,aij,Sij v) represent the velocity, components of the stress tensor and components of the rate strain tensor. The dot denotes the derivative with respect to t. The convex and continuous function describes the plasticity yield condition. It is assumed that the set... [Pg.309]

Here i —> i is the convex and continuous function describing a plasticity yield condition. The function w describes vertical displacements of the plate, rriij are bending moments, (5.139) is the equilibrium equation, and equations (5.140) give a decomposition of the curvatures —Wjj as a... [Pg.321]

Here i —> i is the convex and continuous function describing a plasticity yield condition, the dot denotes a derivative with respect to t, n = (ni,ri2) is the unit normal vector to the boundary F. The function v describes a vertical velocity of the plate, rriij are bending moments, (5.175) is the equilibrium equation, and equations (5.176) give a decomposition of the curvature velocities —Vij as a sum of elastic and plastic parts aijkiirikiy Vijy respectively. Let aijki x) = ajiki x) = akuj x), i,j,k,l = 1,2, and there exist two positive constants ci,C2 such that for all m = rriij ... [Pg.329]

In this section we analyse the contact problem for a curvilinear Timoshenko rod. The plastic yield condition will depend just on the moments m. We shall prove that the solution of the problem satisfies all original boundary conditions, i.e., in contrast to the preceding section, we prove existence of the solution to the original boundary value problem. [Pg.351]

The benzoylformate ester can be prepared from the 3 -hydroxy group in a deoxy-ribonucleotide by reaction with benzoyl chloroformate (anh. Pyr, 20°, 12 h, 86% yield) it is cleaved by aqueous pyridine (20°, 12 h, 31% yield), conditions that do not cleave an acetate ester. ... [Pg.88]

In this section, the general inelastic theory of Section 5.2 will be specialized to a simple phenomenological theory of plasticity. The inelastic strain rate tensor e may be identified with the plastic strain rate tensor e . In order to include isotropic and kinematic hardening, the set of internal state variables, denoted collectively by k in the previous theory, is reduced to the set (k, a) where k is a scalar representing isotropic hardening and a is a symmetric second-order tensor representing kinematic hardening. The elastic limit condition in stress space (5.25), now called a yield condition, becomes... [Pg.142]

This example shows that the reactor may oscillate, either naturally according to the system parameters, or by applied controller action. Owing to the highly non-linear behaviour of the system, it is sometimes found that the net yield from the reactor may be higher under oscillatory conditions than at steady state (see simulation examples OSCIL and COOL). It should be noted also that under controlled conditions, Tset need not necessarily be set equal to the steady-state value, T, and Tset, and that the control action may be used to force the reactor to a more favourable yield condition than that simply determined by steady-state balance considerations. [Pg.158]

Study the normal start up procedure with the reactors empty of reactant and cold (CAj - CA2 = CA3 = 0, Ti = T2 = T3 = 0) and confirm that the system proceeds to the low yield condition of Case 1. [Pg.349]

Investigate alternative start up policies to force the cascade to a more favourable, stable yield condition, as given below. [Pg.349]

Multiple reactions in parallel producing by products. After the reactor type is chosen for parallel reaction systems in order to maximize selectivity or reactor yield, conditions can be altered further to improve selectivity. Consider the parallel reaction system from Equation 5.66. To maximize selectivity for this system, the ratio given by Equation 5.67 is minimized ... [Pg.112]

R1 R2 R3 % 1,2-Addition11 % 1,4-Addition % 4,3-Additronc % 4,1-Addition4 % Yield Conditions References... [Pg.554]

Lastly, we studied the effect of 7-stress on the effective time to steady state and the corresponding magnitude of the peak hydrogen concentration. We found that a negative T -stress (which is the case for axial pipeline cracks) reduces both the effective time to steady state and the peak hydrogen concentration relative to the case in which the T -stress effect is omitted in a boundary layer formulation under small scale yielding conditions. This reduction is due to the associated decrease of the hydrostatic stress ahead of the crack tip. It should be noted that the presented effective non-dimensional time to steady state r is independent of the hydrogen diffusion coefficient D 9. Therefore, the actual time to steady state is inversely proportional to the diffusion coefficient (r l/ ). [Pg.198]

No Substrate Catalyst Product Yield % Conditions Reaction Ref. [Pg.155]

Isolation yield. Conditions were not fully optimized. All glucosides obtained are in/ form and are anomerically pure. The reactions were conducted at 50 °C, each with 60 mg fruit seed meal per millilitre of reaction mixture. [Pg.237]

A variant of the zero average contrast method has been applied on a solution of a symmetric diblock copolymer of dPS and hPS in benzene [331]. The dynamic scattering of multicomponent solutions in the framework of the RPA approximation [324] yields the sum of two decay modes, which are represented by exponentials valid in the short time limit. For a symmetric diblock the results for the observable scattering intensity yields conditions for the cancellation of either of these modes. In particular the zero average contrast condition, i.e. a solvent scattering length density that equals the average of both... [Pg.199]

According to measured yields, conditions B and C have been found to be much more advantageous than method A (see Table I). [Pg.6]

Entry R r Yield (%) Conditions Entry R r Yield (%) Conditions... [Pg.396]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.46 ]

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