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** Calculation of the Specific Rotation Rate **

** Chemical reaction and rotational diffusion rates **

** Diffusion-convection layer electrode rotation rate limits **

** Electrodes rotation rate limits **

** Rotating cross-relaxation rate **

At a holdup time longer than 10—15 min at a high temperature, resin degradation is avoided by keeping the rear of the cylinder at a lower temperature than the front. At short holdup times (4—5 min), cylinder temperatures are the same in rear and front. If melt fracture occurs, the injection rate is reduced pressures are in the range of 20.6—55.1 MPa (3000—8000 psi). Low backpressure and screw rotation rates should be used. [Pg.377]

The time constants characterizing heat transfer in convection or radiation dominated rotary kilns are readily developed using less general heat-transfer models than that presented herein. These time constants define simple scaling laws which can be used to estimate the effects of fill fraction, kiln diameter, moisture, and rotation rate on the temperatures of the soHds. Criteria can also be estabHshed for estimating the relative importance of radiation and convection. In the following analysis, the kiln wall temperature, and the kiln gas temperature, T, are considered constant. Separate analyses are conducted for dry and wet conditions. [Pg.49]

The exposure interval for the bed, T, is inversely proportional to the kiln rotation rate. Hence, equation 21 shows that the time constant for desorption is directly proportional to the bed depth and inversely proportional to the square root of the kiln rotation rate. However, the overriding factor affecting is the isotherm constant iC which in general decreases exponentially with increasing temperature as in equation 4. [Pg.51]

The RMS-800 provides steady-shear rotational rates from 10 to 100 rad/s and oscillatory frequencies from 10 to 100 rad/s. An autotension device compensates for expansion or contraction. With the standard 25- and 50-mm parallel plates, the viscosity range is 50-10 mPa-s, and the shear modulus range is 8 x 10 to 10 N/m. These ranges can be expanded with nonstandard plates, cones, and a Couette system. The temperature range is 20-350°C (-150 0 optional). [Pg.202]

The cutter moves at constant speed (or constant rotation rate in the case of a rotary-motion sample cutter) such that the entire flow of material is traversed by the cutter, with the further requirement that the stopped position of the cutter at either limit of traverse (out of stream) is at sufficient distance from the stream so that no material from the stream enters the cutter while it is held stationaiy between traversing operations. [Pg.1758]

Fig. 19.7. A rotation viscometer. Rotating the inner cylinder shears the viscous glass. The torque (and thus the shear stress aj is measured for a given rotation rate (and thus shear strain rate y). |

Compact, high-rim-speed, stand-alone flywheel systems may require that the bearings run continuously for years at many tens of thousands of revolutions per minute. Smaller rotors will operate at higher rotation rates. [Pg.503]

Borehole depth 10,000 ft, deviated hole Drill pipe rotation rate 10 rpm Mud heat capacity 0.77 cal/g Hole diameter 12 in. [Pg.968]

At low rotation rates, less than the chemical shifts anisotropy, however, the powder spectra contained disturbing side bands dispersed among the isotropic chemical shifts. In order to discriminate between sidebands and isotropic resonances two spectra obtained at different spinning speeds were multiplied together or the differentiation was made by visual inspection. [Pg.11]

Here m(r) is a random torque equal to zero on average while rotational friction is proportional to rotation rate J// with a coefficient When averaged, Eq. (1.26) turns into Eq. (1.20). Hence... [Pg.20]

Drum dryers for pastes and slurries operate with contact times of 3-12 sec, produce flakes 1-3 mm thick with evaporation rates of 15-30kg/m2hr. Diameters are 1.5-5.0ft the rotation rate is 2-10 rpm. The greatest evaporative capacity is of the order of 3000 Ib/hr in commercial units. [Pg.9]

Thus, under the hydrodynamic conditions prevailing at high rotation rates, the one-electron product is removed more rapidly by convection than by the chemical reaction, while at slow rotation speeds the chemical reaction and further electron transfer predominates. The form of the electrode and the hydrodynamic conditions prevailing in the electrolysis solution are therefore parameters which require controlling but which give additional flexibility in the design of syntheses. [Pg.193]

high sensitivity of atomic Sagnac interferometers to rotation rates will enable HYPER to measure the modulation of the precession due to the Lense-Thirring effect while the satellite orbits around the Earth. In a Sun-synchronous, circular orbit at 700 km altitude, HYPER will detect how the direction of the Earth s drag varies over the course of the near-polar orbit as a function of the latitudinal position 9 ... [Pg.364]

The quantity riV/RT is equal to six times the rotational period. The rotational relaxation time, p, should he shorter than the fluorescence lifetime, t, for these equations to apply. It is possible to perform calculations for nonspherical molecules such as prolate and oblate ellipsoids of revolution, but in such cases, there are different rotational rates about the different principal axes. [Pg.184]

Time Resolved Fluorescence Depolarization. In Equation 3, it is assumed that the polarization decays to zero as a single exponential function, which is equivalent to assuming that the molecular shape is spherical with isotropic rotational motion. Multiexponential decays arise from anisotropic rotational motion, which might indicate a nonspherical molecule, a molecule rotating in a nonuniform environment, a fluorophore bound to tbe molecule in a manner that binders its motion, or a mixture of fluorophores with different rotational rates. [Pg.189]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.841 ]

** Calculation of the Specific Rotation Rate **

** Chemical reaction and rotational diffusion rates **

** Diffusion-convection layer electrode rotation rate limits **

** Electrodes rotation rate limits **

** Rotating cross-relaxation rate **

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