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** Hartree-Fock approximation limit correction **

** Hartree-Fock limit helium atom **

** Hartree-Fock limit wavefunctions **

** Hartree-Fock limit, properties **

** Hartree-Fock method limitations **

** Self-consistent field Hartree-Fock limit **

An expression such as (19) is a linear combination of products of the one-electron wave function, and leads to a separation of (17) in a set of N independent equations for the N electrons. It embodies the antisymmetry required by the Pauli principle. [Pg.31]

The variational method is then used to minimize the expectation value of total energy E = (cj) H (j)) under small variation of the ip s in (19), and subject to the normalization condition of cj) ()) H (1)) = 1. (This may be done by employing the method of Lagrangian undetermined multipliers). [Pg.31]

The result of the variational method leads to the Hartree-Fock non-linear integro-differential equations for a one electron wave function [Pg.31]

We have chosen here to hint at the density matrix concept, typical of many-body theories, in order to stress that E c is still a two-electrons operator. (For the many body derivation of (20), see ). [Pg.32]

A more useful quantity for comparison with experiment is the heat of formation, which is defined as the enthalpy change when one mole of a compound is formed from its constituent elements in their standard states. The heat of formation can thus be calculated by subtracting the heats of atomisation of the elements and the atomic ionisation energies from the total energy. Unfortunately, ab initio calculations that do not include electron correlation (which we will discuss in Chapter 3) provide uniformly poor estimates of heats of formation w ith errors in bond dissociation energies of 25-40 kcal/mol, even at the Hartree-Fock limit for diatomic molecules. [Pg.105]

Unfortunately, this only holds for the exact wavefunction and certain other types ol leavefuiiction (such as at the Hartree-Fock limit). Moreover, even though the Hellmarm-Feynman forces are much easier to calculate they are very unreliable, even for accurate wavefunctions, giving rise to spurious forces (often referred to as Pulay forces [Pulay l )S7]). [Pg.141]

The second approximation in HF calculations is due to the fact that the wave function must be described by some mathematical function, which is known exactly for only a few one-electron systems. The functions used most often are linear combinations of Gaussian-type orbitals exp(—nr ), abbreviated GTO. The wave function is formed from linear combinations of atomic orbitals or, stated more correctly, from linear combinations of basis functions. Because of this approximation, most HF calculations give a computed energy greater than the Hartree-Fock limit. The exact set of basis functions used is often specified by an abbreviation, such as STO—3G or 6—311++g. Basis sets are discussed further in Chapters 10 and 28. [Pg.19]

The first cell in the last tow of the table represents the Hartree-Fock limit the best approximation that can be achieved without taking electron correlation into account. Its location on the chart is rather far from the exact solution. Although in some cases, quite good results can be achieved with Hartree-Fock theory alone, in many others, its performance ranges from orfly fair to quite poor. We ll look at some these cases in Chapters 5 and 6. [Pg.95]

Solution of the numerical HF equations to full accuracy is routine in the case of atoms. We say that such calculations are at the Hartree-Fock limit. These represent the best solution possible within the orbital model. For large molecules, solutions at the HF limit are not possible, which brings me to my next topic. [Pg.113]

Notice that 1 haven t made any mention of the LCAO procedure Hartree produced numerical tables of radial functions. The atomic problem is quite different from the molecular one because of the high symmetry of atoms. The theory of atomic structure is simplified (or complicated, according to your viewpoint) by angular momentum considerations. The Hartree-Fock limit can be easily reached by numerical integration of the HF equations, and it is not necessary to invoke the LCAO method. [Pg.210]

DZ double-zeta STO HF Hartree-Fock limit STO AE all electrons PP pseudopotential, this calculation. Energies are in a.u., and DZ and HF results are from Reference 4. [Pg.17]

Owing to their simplicity, the helium atom and the dihydrogen molecnle have been the object of experiments (Ref. 31 for a and 7 of He Ref. 32 for a of H2) and calcnlations, some of them near the Hartree-Fock limit (Ref. 33 for He and Ref. 34-36 forH2 ). In order to test our polarization fnnctions, we have taken the zeroth... [Pg.274]

The theoretical results provided by the large basis sets II-V are much smaller than those from previous references [15-18] the present findings confirm that the second-hyperpolarizability is largely affected by the basis set characteristics. It is very difficult to assess the accuracy of a given CHF calculation of 2(ap iS, and it may well happen that smaller basis sets provide theoretical values of apparently better quality. Whereas the diagonal eomponents of the eleetrie dipole polarizability are quadratic properties for which the Hartree-Fock limit can be estimated with relative accuracy a posteriori, e.g., via extended calculations [38], it does not seem possible to establish a variational principle for, and/or upper and lower bounds to, either and atris-... [Pg.292]

In any event, we are confident that the computational approach developed in this study, owing to its efficient use of molecular symmetry, can help develop large basis sets for first and second hyperpolarizabilities. An important aim would be that of estimating, at least at empirical level, Hartree-Fock limits for these quantities. To this end the use of basis sets polarized two times, according to the recipe developed by Sadlej [37], would seem very promising. [Pg.293]

Schmidt, M.W. and Ruedenberg, K. (1979) Effective convergence to complete orbital bases and to the atomic Hartree-Fock limit through systematic sequences of Gaussian primitives, J. Chem. Phys., 71, 3951-3962. [Pg.124]

basis sets and our corresponding results (3rd columns of Tables 1-6) obtained with our largest basis set is rather good. It proves the adequacy of adding just one set of diffuse functions to reach the basis set saturation for these properties. [Pg.110]

Until recently, only estimates of the Hartree-Fock limit were available for molecular systems. Now, finite difference [16-24] and finite element [25-28] calculations can yield Hartree-Fock energies for diatomic molecules to at least the 1 ghartree level of accuracy and, furthermore, the ubiquitous finite basis set approach can be developed so as to approach this level of accuracy [29,30] whilst also supporting a representation of the whole one-electron spectrum which is an essential ingredient of subsequent correlation treatments. [Pg.131]

Structure calculation in which the only surviving residue is the relativistic correction to the energy. So, although the total electronic energies fluctuate by 0.1 a.u. in this study, and the results for the largest basis sets are at least 0.005 hartree above the numerical Hartree-Fock limit in all cases, the fluctuation in the relativistic corrections, Er, are significantly less than 10 hartree, which is more than sufficiently accurate for the present study. [Pg.134]

As we said in the introduction, the only consistent framework for a relativistic many-electron system is QED. By means of the Hartree-Fock limit of this theory, after renormalization, and using gradient techniques, Engel and Dreizler [22] found a complete energy functional where both terms of the two previous sections appear naturally. [Pg.200]

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** Hartree-Fock approximation limit correction **

** Hartree-Fock limit helium atom **

** Hartree-Fock limit wavefunctions **

** Hartree-Fock limit, properties **

** Hartree-Fock method limitations **

** Self-consistent field Hartree-Fock limit **

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