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** Axis of symmetry, rotation about **

** Fold rotation-reflection axis of symmetry **

** Rotation about an -fold axis of symmetry **

A method has been worked out for eddy current testing of surfaces and surface cracks or corrosion under dielectric or non-magnetic metal layer of up to 10 mm. The method is based on excitation of eddy currents by a coil with U - type core and information reading by a sensitive gradientometric element located on a axis of symmetry of the core (fig. 1). [Pg.283]

Let us consider the scheme showed in Fig. I to calculate the field scattered by a rough cylindrical surface (i.e. a wire). The wire is illuminated by a monochromatic, linearly polarized plane wave at an angle of incidence a with its axis of symmetry. The surface is described, in a system fixed to the wire, by p = h (

cylindrical coordinates. We shall denote the incident wave vector lying on the x-z plane as kj and the emergent wave vector simply as k. [Pg.663]

The symmetry argument actually goes beyond the above deterniination of the symmetries of Jahn-Teller active modes, the coefficients of the matrix element expansions in different coordinates are also symmetry determined. Consider, for simplicity, an electronic state of symmetiy in an even-electron molecule with a single threefold axis of symmetry, and choose a representation in which two complex electronic components, e ) = 1/v ( ca) i cb)), and two degenerate complex nuclear coordinate combinations Q = re " each have character T under the C3 operation, where x — The bras e have character x. Since the Hamiltonian operator is totally symmetric, the diagonal matrix elements e H e ) are totally symmetric, while the characters of the off-diagonal elements ezf H e ) are x. Since x = 1, it follows that an expansion of the complex Hamiltonian matrix to quadratic terms in Q. takes the form... [Pg.7]

An example that is closely related to organic photochemishy is the x e case [70]. A doubly degenerate E term is the ground or excited state of any polyatomic system that has at least one axis of symmetry of not less than third order. It may be shown [70] that if the quadratic tenn in Eq, (17) is neglected, the potential surface becomes a moat around the degeneracy, sometimes called Mexican hat, The polar coordinates p and <(>, shown in Figure 20, can be used to write an expression for the energy ... [Pg.356]

In an axisymmetric flow regime all of the field variables remain constant in the circumferential direction around an axis of symmetry. Therefore the governing flow equations in axisymmetric systems can be analytically integrated with respect to this direction to reduce the model to a two-dimensional form. In order to illustrate this procedure we consider the three-dimensional continuity equation for an incompressible fluid written in a cylindrical (r, 9, 2) coordinate system as... [Pg.113]

An S point group contains an S axis of symmetry. The group must contain also... [Pg.83]

A C point group contains a C axis of symmetry and n a planes of symmetry, all of which contain the C axis. It also contains other elements which may be generated from these. [Pg.83]

The crystal stmcture of the calcium fluoroapatite has two different crystallographic sites for the Ca " ion. The Ca(I) site has a threefold axis of symmetry and is coordinated to six oxygen ions at the vertices of a distorted trigonal prism. The Ca(Il) ions are located at the corners of equilateral... [Pg.287]

Cone-Roof Tanks. Cone-roof tanks are cylindrical shells having a vertical axis of symmetry. The bottom is usually flat and the top made ia the form of a shallow cone. These are the most widely used tanks for storage of relatively large quantities of fluid because they are economic to build and the market supports a number of contractors capable of building them. They can be shop-fabricated ia small sizes but are most often field-erected. Cone-roof tanks typically have roof rafters and support columns except ia very small-diameter tanks when they are self-supporting (see Fig. 4b and c Table 3). [Pg.312]

Conical air jets are formed by cone-type or regulated multidiffusers in air distribution devices, and have an axis of symmetry. The vectors of... [Pg.447]

Velocity along the axis of symmetry between the interacting jets can he calculated assuming Y = 0 in Eq. (7.143) ... [Pg.496]

It has been discovered recently that the spectrum of solutions for growth in a channel is much richer than had previously been supposed. Parity-broken solutions were found [110] and studied numerically in detail [94,111]. A similar solution exists also in an unrestricted space which was called doublon for obvious reasons [94]. It consists of two fingers with a liquid channel along the axis of symmetry between them. It has a parabolic envelope with radius pt and in the center a liquid channel of thickness h. The Peclet number, P = vp /2D, depends on A according to the Ivantsov relation (82). The analytical solution of the selection problem for doublons [112] shows that this solution exists for isotropic systems (e = 0) even at arbitrary small undercooling A and obeys the following selection conditions ... [Pg.893]

The vessel under gas pressure bursts into equal fragments. If there are only two fragments and the vessel is cylindrical with hemispherical end-caps, the vessel bursts perpendicular to the axis of symmetry. If there are more than two fragments and the vessel is cylindrical, strip fragments are formed and expand radially about the axis of symmetry. (The end caps are ignored in this case.)... [Pg.228]

Fragments are equal in size and shape. For two fragments only, the cylindrical vessel bursts perpendicularly to the axis of symmetry. For more than two fragments, the cylindrical vessel bursts into strip fragments which expand radially about the axis of symmetry, and end caps are neglected. [Pg.318]

Type II restriction enzymes have received widespread application in the cloning and sequencing of DNA molecules. Their hydrolytic activity is not ATP-depen-dent, and they do not modify DNA by methylation or other means. Most importantly, they cut DNA within or near particular nucleotide sequences that they specifically recognize. These recognition sequences are typically four or six nucleotides in length and have a twofold axis of symmetry. For example, E. coU has a restriction enzyme, coRI, that recognizes the hexanucleotide sequence GAATTC ... [Pg.351]

A solution to the problem is to define an axis of symmetry through the use of dummy atoms. To take the case of fiiran, the Z-matrix of Figure 10.7 will retain C2v symmetry. [Pg.177]

Symmetrie-achse, /. axis of symmetry, -ebene, /. plane of symmetry, -grad, m. degree of symmetry. [Pg.438]

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** Axis of symmetry, rotation about **

** Fold rotation-reflection axis of symmetry **

** Rotation about an -fold axis of symmetry **

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