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** Double-zeta Slater functions/orbitals **

** Orbital energy using Slater double-zeta functions **

** Riemann Zeta Function and Prime Numbers **

free energy, whilst the x function is the heat function at constant pressure of 25. [Pg.101]

The interchain interaction of dipole moments collinear to the chain axes decays exponentially with the interchain distance (see Eq. (2.2.11)) and has no contribution descending by the power law y2 in Eq. (3.3.6). Summation over lattice sites and interchain distances involves the Riemann zeta-function... [Pg.70]

The ECP basis sets include basis functions only for the outermost one or two shells, whereas the remaining inner core electrons are replaced by an effective core or pseudopotential. The ECP basis keyword consists of a source identifier (such as LANL for Los Alamos National Laboratory ), the number of outer shells retained (1 or 2), and a conventional label for the number of sets for each shell (MB, DZ, TZ,...). For example, LANL1MB denotes the minimal LANL basis with minimal basis functions for the outermost shell only, whereas LANL2DZ is the set with double-zeta functions for each of the two outermost shells. The ECP basis set employed throughout Chapter 4 (denoted LACV3P in Jaguar terminology) is also of Los Alamos type, but with full triple-zeta valence flexibility and polarization and diffuse functions on all atoms (comparable to the 6-311+- -G++ all-electron basis used elsewhere in this book). [Pg.713]

The examples to be considered are the ground states of He and the related two-electron ions from H to Nes+. In all cases, the single-zeta function of Kellner will be the approximate wave function used [16]. This function is T° =Nz ""r. The local chemical potential is given by... [Pg.159]

Source Clementi and Raimondi (1963). For double zeta functions, see Clementi (1965). [Pg.312]

As with the summaries of the other sections, we mention a number of calculation parameters or variables that have been demonstrated to be of critical importance for accurate prediction of aspects of the interactions. Symmetry constraints on the clusters have been shown to introduce arti-factual behavior. Corrections to account for the correlation of electrons have become essential in a calculation, and they must be incorporated self-consistently rather than as postoptimization corrections. Basis sets need to have the flexibility afforded by double- or triple-zeta functionality and polarization functions to reproduce known parameters most accurately. The choice of the model cluster and its size affect the acid strength, and the cluster must be large enough not to spatially constrain reactants or transition states. The choice of cluster is invariably governed by the available resources, but a small cluster can still perform well. Indeed, some of the... [Pg.106]

For excellent insight into Riemann and his mathematics (primarily focusing on the Riemann zeta function and the Riemann hypothesis ), see J. Derbyshire. Prime Obsession Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics (Penguin, New York, 2004).]... [Pg.429]

D. Zeta Function and Interferences between Isolated Periodic Orbits... [Pg.491]

In this section, we arrive at the quantization condition expressed in terms of periodic orbits. The periodic-orbit contribution to the trace formula can be written as the logarithmic derivative of a so-called zeta function,... [Pg.502]

Because of the logarithmic derivative, the poles of the resolvent appear at the zeros of the zeta functions so that we obtain the quantization condition... [Pg.502]

The zeta function takes into account the interferences between the different periodic orbits. Indeed, when the system features an infinity of periodic orbits, the zeta function can be expanded as [37]... [Pg.503]

The terms that occur high in the series have a small amplitude and contribute little. Therefore, the zeros of the zeta function will be determined essentially by the first few terms associated with the least unstable periodic orbits. Contrary to systems with one degree of freedom, no factorization is possible so that the different periodic orbits have additive contributions that interfere. The distribution of zeros will therefore have the tendency to become irregular, contrary to classically integrable systems. [Pg.503]

The classical Liouvillian operator Zc, which is the classical limit of the Landau-von Neumann superoperator in Wigner representation, can also be analyzed in terms of a spectral decomposition, such as to obtain its eigenvalues or resonances. Recent works have been devoted to this problem that show that the classical Liouvillian resonances can be obtained as the zeros of another kind of zeta function, which is of classical type. The resolvent of the classical Liouvillian can then be obtained as [60, 61]... [Pg.512]

On the right-hand side of Eq. (2.43), we introduced the classical zeta function [60, 61],... [Pg.513]

In the classical limit h - 0, the spectrum of the Landau-von Neumann superoperator tends to the spectrum of the classical Liouvillian operator. If the classical system is mixing, the classical Liouvillian spectrum is always continuous so that we may envisage an analytic continuation to define a discrete spectrum of classical resonances. It has been shown that such classical resonances are given by the zeros of the classical zeta function (2.44) and are called the Pollicott-Ruelle resonances sn(E) [63], These classical Liouvillian resonances characterize exponential decay and relaxation processes in the statistical description of classical systems. The leading Pollicott-Ruelle resonance defines the so-called escape rate of the system,... [Pg.514]

The zeta function methods have proved to be extremely powerful to obtain the resonances of classical scattering systems, which give the quasiclassical reaction rates [61]. In transport processes, the classical resonances give the dispersion relations that characterize the relaxation of hydrodynamic modes [64], These results bring about a new understanding of the problem of irreversibility at the classical level, as discussed elsewhere [64],... [Pg.514]

We will start by describing the relevant aspects of the classical dynamics, introducing the concepts of the invariant set and the repeller, the Smale horseshoe and its symbolic dynamics, and the bifurcations at their origin [19]. We then turn to the semiclassical quantization based on the Gutzwiller trace formula and the zeta functions. We proceed to show how this new theoretical framework allows us to explain the distribution of resonances in several molecules like Hgl2, CO2, and H3, to calculate their lifetimes, and to provide a synthesis with respect to previous work. [Pg.542]

The resonances are then obtained by searching for the complex zeros of the zeta functions (4.12) in the complex surface of the energy. Assuming that the action is approximately linear, S(E,J) = T(E - Ei), while the stability eigenvalues are approximately constant near the saddle energy E, the quantization condition (4.12) gives the resonances [10]... [Pg.556]

Periodic-orbit theory provides the unique semiclassical quantization scheme for nonseparable systems with a fully chaotic and fractal iepeller. As we mentioned in Section II, the different periodic orbits of the repeller have quantum amplitudes weighted by the stability eigenvalues, and the periodic-orbit amplitudes interfere among each other as described by the zeta function. The more unstable the periodic orbit is, the less it contributes in (2.24). Therefore, only the least unstable periodic orbits play a dominant role. [Pg.557]

Another remark is that the resonances exist only below the line defined by (2.18) and (2.19) so that there is a gap between the real energy axis and the resonance spectrum. This is the feature of a strongly open scattering system in which the decay process is ultrafast. This gap is given in terms of the topological pressure that is the leading zero, so(E) = P(fi E), of the inverse Ruelle zeta function,... [Pg.560]

The periodic-orbit quantization based on the zeta function quantization... [Pg.563]

The quanta character is even more prominent than in CO2 and the first reported resonances occur at 3863 and 7453 cm 1, respectively, above the transition region (see Fig. 19). Here the zeta function semiclassical quantization with (4.16) should apply. The reported lifetimes are of 33 fs, which is... [Pg.571]

As far as the characteristic angle (10.28) is concerned, taking into account the dependence of the relaxation time and of the internal viscosity on the number of the mode (formulae (2.27) and (2.31)), one can write, with the aid of the zeta-function ()(x),... [Pg.210]

** Double-zeta Slater functions/orbitals **

** Orbital energy using Slater double-zeta functions **

** Riemann Zeta Function and Prime Numbers **

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