Here, dj = cos(y,j) and sy = sin(Yy). The three angles are obtained by solving the following three coupled first-order differential equations, which follow from Eq. (19) [36,84,85] [Pg.659]

Xiao RP, Avdonin P, Zhou YY, et al. Coupling of p2-adrcnoccptor to Gjproteins and its physiological relevance in murine cardiac myocytes. Circ Res 1999 84 43-52. [Pg.103]

Anomalous yy/z-diastereoselectivity of indium-mediated coupling of aldehydes with bromides (Z)- and (E)A2 has been reported (Scheme 45). The reaction affords high syn-selectivity (43/44) regardless of the allylic bromide geometry. Preliminary studies on the enantioselective indium-mediated allylation have been attempted and it has been found that the desired products can be obtained in moderate yield with high. //-selectivity and enantioselectivity (Equation (23)).99 [Pg.673]

Figure 2.10 Correlation between levels under Russell-Saunders coupling (left) and yy coupling (right). |

In Section V.B, we discussed to some extent the 3 x 3 adiabatic-to-diabatic transformation matrix A(= A(31) for a tri-state system. This matrix was expressed in terms of three (Euler-type) angles yy,i = 1,2,3 [see Eq. (81)], which fulfill a set of three coupled, first-order, differential equations [see Eq. (82)]. [Pg.860]

AJ — Jz z l/ ( fx A/ "b yy and Jx x " yy were compared with the experimentally determined values. Here, the z axis is parallel with the molecular symmetry axis. A very good agreement was obtained between the calculated and experimental isotropic couplings, and a reasonable agreement was found for the anisotropic values. For example, in the case of CHF3, the calculated and experimental values for A /(F, F) are —232 Hz and —200 Hz, respectively. [Pg.136]

The LECP RECPs are defined using shape-consistent, nodeless two-component pseudospinors [22] extracted from numerical two-component DF atomic spinors [23]. These pseudospinors are used to define RECPs that are expressed as radially local one-electron operators in the context of atomic yy-coupling, [Pg.96]

HMQC and HSQC are about equally sensitive, the sensitivity being proportional to (Yx)5 2, but as the HSQC pulse sequence uses more than twice as many pulses as HMQC, the latter is preferred (especially on older spectrometers). Both use two polarization transfer steps while HETCOR uses only one transfer. If the coupling constants vary within the sample, HETCOR might be a better choice for lower losses in polarization transfers. Since the sensitivity of HETCOR is proportional to (yx)3 2(YY), the choice of nucleus for detection is not trivial. [Pg.299]

In addition to /3-H elimination, olefin insertion, and protonolysis, the cr-metal intermediate has also proved to be capable of undergoing a reductive elimination to bring about an alkylative alkoxylation. Under Pd catalysis, the reaction of 4-alkenols with aryl halides affords aryl-substituted THF rings instead of the aryl ethers that would be produced by a simple cross-coupling mechanism (Equation (126)).452 It has been suggested that G-O bond formation occurs in this case by yy/z-insertion of a coordinated alcohol rather than anti-attack onto a 7r-alkene complex.453 [Pg.684]

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