A version of the Gifford-Hanna model was evaluated (50) using 1969 data for 113 monitoring stahons for particulate matter and 75 stations for SO2 in the New York metropolitan area. This version differed from Eq. (20-19) in considering major point source contributions and the stack height of emission release. This model produced results (Table 20-2) comparable to those of the much more complicated COM model (51). [Pg.336]

Gifford and Hanna tested their simple box model for particulate matter and sulfur dioxide predictions for annual or seasonal averages against diffusion-model predictions. Their conclusions are summarized in Table 5-3. The correlation coefficient of observed concentrations versus calculated concentrations is generally higher for the simple model than for the detailed model. Hanna calculated reactions over a 6-h period on September 30, 1%9, with his chemically reactive adaptation of the simple dispersion model. He obtained correlation coefficients of observed and calculated concentrations as follows nitric oxide, 0.97 nitrogen dioxide, 0.05 and rhc, 0.55. He found a correlation coefficient of 0.48 of observed ozone concentration with an ozone predictor derived from a simple model, but he pointed out that the local inverse wind speed had a correlation of 0.66 with ozone concentration. He derived a critical wind speed formula to define a speed below which ozone prediction will be a problem with the simple model. Further performance of the simple box model compared with more detailed models is discussed later. [Pg.226]

Gifford, F. A., and S. R. Hanna. Modelling urban air pollution. Atmos. Environ. [Pg.234]

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