Hybrid Orbitals Hybridization Geometry Approximate Bond Angles [Pg.53]

Hybrid orbitals are named by indicating the number and kind of atomic orbitals hybridized. Hybridization of one s orbital and onep orbital gives two sp hybrid orbitals. We shall see presently that hybridization of one s and two p orbitals gives three sp hybrid orbitals hybridization of one s orbital and three p orbitals gives four sp hybrids, and so on (see Table 8-2). [Pg.316]

Tetrahedral geometry with sp hybrid orbitals. Hybridization of an i orbital with all three p orbitals gives four hybrid orbitals with tetrahedral geometry and 109.5° bond angles. [Pg.48]

Another type of orbital is one that originates from the mixing of the different atomic orbitals and is called a hybrid orbital. Hybridization (mixing) of atomic orbitals results in a new set of orbitals with different [Pg.6]

It is important to realize that methane is not tetrahedral because carbon has sp3, hybrid orbitals. Hybridization is only a model—a theoretical way of describing the bonds that are needed for a given molecular structure. Hybridization is an interpretation of molecular shape shape is not a consequence of hybridization. [Pg.263]

The s and p orbitals used in the quantum mechanical description of the carbon atom, given in Section 1.10, were based on calculations for hydrogen atoms. These simple s and p orbitals do not, when taken alone, provide a satisfactory model for the tetravalent tetrahedral carbon of methane (CH4, see Review Problem 1.12). However, a satisfactory model of methane s structure that is based on quantum mechanics can be obtained through an approach called orbital hybridization. Orbital hybridization, in its simplest terms, is [Pg.25]

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