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** Correlations between the Schoenflies and Hermann-Mauguin symbols **

** Hermann-Mauguin crystal group symbols **

Translational symmetry is the most important symmetry property of a crystal. In the Hermann-Mauguin symbols the three-dimensional translational symmetry is expressed by a capital letter which also allows the distinction of primitive and centered crystal lattices (cf. Fig. 2.6, p. 8) ... [Pg.13]

Examples of rotation axes. In each case the Hermann-Mauguin symbol is given on the left side, and the Schoenflies symbol on the right side. tni means point, pronounced dyan in Chinese, hoshi in Japanese... [Pg.14]

Hermann-Mauguin symbol m. Schoenflies symbol a (used only for a detached plane). Graphical symbols ... [Pg.14]

Hermann-Mauguin symbol 1 ( one bar ). Schoenflies symbol i. Graphical symbol o... [Pg.14]

Screw rotation. The symmetry element is a screw axis. It can only occur if there is translational symmetry in the direction of the axis. The screw rotation results when a rotation of 360/1V degrees is coupled with a displacement parallel to the axis. The Hermann-Mauguin symbol is NM ( N sub M )-,N expresses the rotational component and the fraction M/N is the displacement component as a fraction of the translation vector. Some screw axes are right or left-handed. Screw axes that can occur in crystals are shown in Fig. 3.4. Single polymer molecules can also have non-crystallographic screw axes, e.g. 103 in polymeric sulfur. [Pg.15]

Cubic point groups have four threefold axes (3 or 3) that mutually intersect at angles of 109.47°. They correspond to the four body diagonals of a cube (directions x+y+z, -x+y-z, -x-y+z and x-y-z, added vectorially). In the directions x, y, and z there are axes 4, 4 or 2, and there can be reflection planes perpendicular to them. In the six directions x+y, x-y, x+z,. .. twofold axes and reflection planes may be present. The sequence of the reference directions in the Hermann-Mauguin symbols is z, x+y+z, x+y. The occurrence of a 3 in the second position of the symbol (direction x+y+z) gives evidence of a cubic point group. See Fig. 3.8. [Pg.18]

Symmetrical geometric figures and their point group symbols in each case, the short Hermann-Mauguin symbol is given to the left, and the Schoenflies symbol to the right... [Pg.19]

coordinate system of reference is taken with the vertical principal axis (z axis). Schoenflies symbols are rather compact—they designate only a minimum of the symmetry elements present in the following way (the corresponding Hermann-Mauguin symbols are given in brackets) ... [Pg.20]

Give the Hermann-Mauguin symbols for the following molecules or ions ... [Pg.28]

Plots of the following molecules or ions can be found on pp. 132, 133 and 146. State their Hermann-Mauguin symbols. [Pg.29]

What Hermann-Mauguin symbols correspond to the linked polyhedra shown in Fig. 16.1 (p. 166) ... [Pg.29]

Find out which symmetry elements are present in the structures of the following compounds. Derive the Hermann-Mauguin symbol of the corresponding space group (it may be helpful to consult International Tables for Crystallography, Vol. A). [Pg.29]

Every space group listed in the family tree corresponds to a structure. Since the space group symbol itself states only symmetry, and gives no information about the atomic positions, additional information concerning these is necessary for every member of the family tree (Wyckoff symbol, site symmetry, atomic coordinates). The value of information of a tree is rather restricted without these data. In simple cases the data can be included in the family tree in more complicated cases an additional table is convenient. The following examples show how specifications can be made for the site occupations. Because they are more informative, it is advisable to label the space groups with their full Hermann-Mauguin symbols. [Pg.216]

The symbols for plane groups, the Hermann-Mauguin symbol, have been the standard in crystallography. The first place indicates the type of lattice, p indicates primitive, and c indicates centered. The second place indicates the axial symmetry, which has only 5 possible vales, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 6-fold. For the rest, the letter m indicates a symmetry under a mirror reflection, and the letter g indicates a symmetry with respect to a glide line, that is, one-half of the unit vector translation followed by a mirror reflection. For example, the plane group pAmm means that the surface has fourfold symmetry as well as mirror reflection symmetries through both x and y axes. [Pg.358]

Please refer to Table A.5.1. In each row a general face is shown on the left, and the symmetry elements appear on the right Hermann-Mauguin symbols are shown beneath. Points on the general face are distinguished by for the northern hemisphere and O for the southern hemisphere. For symmetry element symbols, refer to Appendix A.4. [Pg.285]

The symbol 3/m is used here because it is descriptive of the two operations that are being discussed. Conventionally this point group is designated by the equivalent Hermann-Mauguin symbol 6. [Pg.128]

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** Correlations between the Schoenflies and Hermann-Mauguin symbols **

** Hermann-Mauguin crystal group symbols **

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