# SEARCH

** Elasticity, equilibrium modules **

According to the experimental data presented above, the dependence of the contact ratio a on the test conditions and material properties, such as viscosity, speed, surface roughness, pressure, and elastic module can be descried by an exponential function as ... [Pg.144]

In a periodic dilatational experiment, the complex elasticity module is a function of the angular frequency ... [Pg.319]

Self-avoiding random walks statistics for intertwining polymeric chains and based on it thermodynamics of their conformational state in m-ball permitted to obtain the theoretical expressions for elasticity modules and main tensions appearing at the equilibrium deformation of /n-ball. Calculations on the basis of these theoretical expressions without empirical adjusting parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. [Pg.37]

As opposed to the liquid-crystal transformation, the liquid-glass transformation is not a phase transition and therefore it can not be characterized by a certain transition temperature. Nevertheless, the term "the vitrification temperature , Tv, is widely used. It has the following physical meaning. As opposed to crystallization, vitrification occurs when the temperature changes continuously, i.e. over some temperature interval, rather than jump-wise. Inside this interval, the sample behaves as a liquid relative to some of the processes occurring in it, and as a solid relative to other processes occurring in it. The character of this behaviour is determined by the ratio between the characteristic time of the process, t, and the characteristic relaxation time of the matrix, x = t//G, where tj is the macroscopic viscosity and G is the matrix elasticity module. If t x, then the matrix should be considered as a solid relative to the process, and if t > x it should be considered as a liquid. The relation tjx = 1 can be considered as the condition of the matrix transition from the liquid to the solid (vitreous) state, and the temperature Tv at which this condition is realized as the temperature of vitrification. Evidently, Tv determined by such means will be somewhat different for the processes with different characteristic times t. However, due to the rapid (exponential) dependence of the viscosity rj on T, the dependence of Tw on t (i.e. on the kind of process) will be comparatively weak (logarith-... [Pg.139]

In developing an optimal technological procedure of producing a new plastic material, the product quality had these seven characteristic responses yx thermostability, y2 material shining, y3 keeping of properties at low temperatures, y4 elasticity module at 20 °C, y5 tensile strength, y6 elongation at break and y7 number of folds before rupture. [Pg.174]

In order to calculate the value of the elastic modules in the local area of the studied material one should use the tabular values ps of density and of Poisson coefficient (v), or their quantity, determined by one of the certain standard methods ... [Pg.453]

CNM obtained by pyrolysis with diameter 40-80 nm and length to 1 micrometer have elasticity module greater in more than 3 times, than that applied in UPA. Considering CNF nanosize, their capability for uniform distribution in polymer matrix we should achieve higher physical and mechanical features of the composite at lower volume content of the carbon filler. [Pg.520]

Both these concerns were addressed by the development of modified IR techniques. In the technique of Subtractively Normalised Fourier Transform IR Spectroscopy (SNIFTIRS) or Potential Difference IR (SPAIRS or PDIR) [37], the increased stability and sensitivity of Fourier Transform IR is exploited, allowing usable spectra to be obtained by simple subtraction and ratioing of spectra obtained at two potentials without the need for potential modulation or repeated stepping. A second technique which does not call for potential modulation, but actually modulates the polarisation direction of the incoming IR beam is termed Photo-elastically Modulated Infra-Red Reflectance Absorption Spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) this was applied to the methanol chemisorption problem by Russell and co-workers [44], and Beden s assignments verified, including the potential-induced shift model for COads. [Pg.647]

Up to this point, this chapter has assumed that dephasing is due to elastic modulations of the vibrational transition frequency, i.e., pure dephasing. [Pg.407]

Here, G is the elastic modules, and y is the displacement (strain) that is the ratio of the change caused by the stress to the original state of the object. The unit of y is dimensionless. So G (also G to be defined later) and x have the same unit. [Pg.208]

The main bottleneck in this case will be in relaxation on the Y-Z plane (perpendicular to gradient), since there will be the most property mismatch and restricted movement of the parts of the whole specimen. Interesting, that relative anisotropy in elastic module between X and Y/Z components is not large (2-3%), but depends on temperature and anisotropy coefficient in a complicated way (Fig.4a and b). On the other hand, differences in values of thermal conductivity between X and Y/Z are almost the same for different anisotropy, but change strongly with the temperature (Fig.4c and d). The results for Y/Z-plane could be summarised in Table 1. [Pg.317]

Lucassen (1968) and Lucassen-Reynders (1969) worked out the theory for longitudinal surface waves, which appear at elasticity modules higher than 30 mN/m and behaves like a stretched membrane. The related dispersion equation has the form... [Pg.91]

The reorientation of molecules in the adsorption layer should have a strong effect on the surface elasticity modules (cf paragraph 4.5 of Chapter 4). The Gibbs elasticity modulus (, =-(dy/dlnT), =(dy/dln A)p can be calculated from the equation of state (2.84) together with the relationships (2.85)-(2.88). Therefore, this value should reflect the processes involved in the equilibrium transition between the adsorption states. ... [Pg.134]

As example we will calculate the elasticity module for CjoEOg, using the following parameters (compare with Chapter 3, Table 3.13) water/air interface - t02 = 4.010 mVmol, 1 = 1.2-10 mVmol, a = 3.0, water/hexane interface - 2 = 4.M0 mVmol,... [Pg.134]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.90 ]

** Elasticity, equilibrium modules **

© 2024 chempedia.info