The treatment of viscosity variations included the possibility of variable density. Equations (8.12) and (8.52) assumed constant density, constant a, and constant otj-. We state here the appropriate generalizations of these equations to account for variable physical properties. [Pg.303]

The reactor operates at constant volume, constant density, constant flow rate, and isothermally. The only difference between the two products is the addition of component C to the feed when Product II is made. [Pg.526]

Temperature from steam density CONSTANT STD0=145.01... [Pg.310]

Temperature and pressure affect the operation of fluid-particle systems because they affect gas density and gas viscosity. It is the variation in these two parameters that determine the effects of temperature and pressure on fluid-particle systems. Increasing system temperature causes gas density to decrease and gas viscosity to increase. Therefore, it is not possible to determine only the effect of gas viscosity on a system by changing system temperature because gas density is also changed and the resulting information is confused. Very few research facilities have the capability to change system pressure to maintain gas density constant while the temperature is being changed to vary gas viscosity. [Pg.112]

Findlay and Knowlton (1985) investigated the effect of gas viscosity on jet penetration by varying system temperature while maintaining gas density constant. This was accomplished by adjusting system pressure at... [Pg.138]

For the reaction carried out isothermally in a batch reactor (density constant), the values of kf and kr may be determined from experimental measurement of cA with respect to t, in the following manner. [Pg.97]

For systems of constant density (constant-volume batch and constant-density plug flow) the performance equations are identical, r for plug flow is equivalent to t for the batch reactor, and the equations can be used interchangeably. [Pg.104]

For a constant-density, constant volume reactor we can write... [Pg.101]

X fi actional conversion of key species A, defined as Ca = Cao 1 — X) if density constant V reactor volume, usually in liters II volumetric flow rate, usually in hters/time... [Pg.135]

Note that the material balances for fixed beds are valid for die case of constant-density (constant volume) systems. The important term here is the one including the fluid velocity, i.e. the term uJdCIdz. For a variable volume system,... [Pg.144]

The reasons for this unsatisfactory state of affairs were eventually discovered. The measurements were lasting for excessive times. In early measurements, it was customary to hold the current density constant at a series of values while the corresponding... [Pg.684]

Figure 1 illustrates the failure of the conventional univariate approach in finding the optimum conditions for a hypothetical SFC separation in which the temperature and density are to be optimized. The temperature is held constant at some arbitrary value while the density is varied (points A thru F). When the optimum density at that arbitrary temperature is located (point E), the temperature is then varied while holding the density constant at its "optimum" value (points G thru I) until an optimum temperature is found (point H). [Pg.314]

Alkyl Mol. Weight Density Constant Viscosity Tension... [Pg.205]

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