The Vasicek model was the first term-structure model described in the academic literature, in Vasicek (1977). It is a yield-based, one-factor equilibrium model that assumes the short-rate process follows a normal distribution and incorporates mean reversion. The model is popular with many practitioners as well as academics because it is analytically tractable—that is, it is easily implemented to compute yield curves. Although it has a constant volatility element, the mean reversion feature removes the certainty of a negative interest rate over the long term. Nevertheless, some practitioners do not favor the model because it is not necessarily arbitrage-free with respect to the prices of actual bonds in the market. [Pg.71]

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