The absorption that is "missing" from the figure below lying slightly below 2900 em is the Q-branch transition for whieh E = E it is absent beeause the seleetion rules forbid it. [Pg.408]

Figure 6.27 The IJSq, 77 — infrared band of acetylene. (The unusual vertical scale allows both the very intense Q branch and the weak P and R branches to be shown conveniently)... |

The effective value of B, for the lower components of the doubled levels, can be obtained from the P and R branches by the same method of combination differences used for a type of band and, for the upper components, from the Q branch. From these two quantities and may be calculated. [Pg.178]

The effect of the AK = 1 selection rule, compared with AK = 0 for an transition, is to spread out the sets of P, Q, and R branches with different values of K. Each Q branch consists, as usual, of closely spaced lines, so as to appear almost line-like, and the separation between adjacent Q branches is approximately 2 A — B ). Figure 6.29 shows such an example, E — A band of the prolate symmetric rotor silyl fluoride (SiH3F) where Vg is the e rocking vibration of the SiH3 group. The Q branches dominate this fairly low resolution specttum, those with AK = - -1 and —1 being on the high and low wavenumber sides, respectively. [Pg.179]

The selection rules are the same for oblate symmetric rotors, and parallel bands appear similar to those of a prolate symmetric rotor. However, perpendicular bands of an oblate symmetric rotor show Q branches with AK = - -1 and — 1 on the low and high wavenumber sides, respectively, since the spacing, 2 C — B ), is negative. [Pg.179]

The method of combination differences applied to the P and R branches gives the lower state rotational constants B", or B" and D", just as in a A transition, from Equation (6.29) or Equation (6.32). These branches also give rotational constants B, or B and D, relating to the upper components of the 77 state, from Equation (6.30) or Equation (6.33). The constants B, or B and D, relating to the lower components of the state, may be obtained from the Q branch. The value of q can be obtained from B and B. ... [Pg.260]

Fig. 0.2. (a) The comb spectrum of N2 considered as a quantum rotator. The envelope of the rotational structure of the Q-branch slightly split by the rotovibra-tional interaction is shaded, (b) The depolarized rotovibrational spectrum of N2 at corpuscular density n = 92 amagat, T = 296 K and pressure p = 100 atm. The central peak, reported in a reduced (x30) scale is due to a polarized component [5] (V) experimental (—) best fit. [Pg.3]

Chapter 3 is devoted to pressure transformation of the unresolved isotropic Raman scattering spectrum which consists of a single Q-branch much narrower than other branches (shaded in Fig. 0.2(a)). Therefore rotational collapse of the Q-branch is accomplished much earlier than that of the IR spectrum as a whole (e.g. in the gas phase). Attention is concentrated on the isotropic Q-branch of N2, which is significantly narrowed before the broadening produced by weak vibrational dephasing becomes dominant. It is remarkable that isotropic Q-branch collapse is indifferent to orientational relaxation. It is affected solely by rotational energy relaxation. This is an exceptional case of pure frequency modulation similar to the Dicke effect in atomic spectroscopy [13]. The only difference is that the frequency in the Q-branch is quadratic in J whereas in the Doppler contour it is linear in translational velocity v. Consequently the rotational frequency modulation is not Gaussian but is still Markovian and therefore subject to the impact theory. The Keilson-... [Pg.6]

Storer model used in this theory enables us to describe classically the spectral collapse of the Q-branch for any strength of collisions. The theory generates the canonical relation between the width of the Raman spectrum and the rate of rotational relaxation measured by NMR or acoustic methods. At medium pressures the impact theory overlaps with the non-model perturbation theory which extends the relation to the region where the binary approximation is invalid. The employment of this relation has become a routine procedure which puts in order numerous experimental data from different methods. At low densities it permits us to estimate, roughly, the strength of collisions. [Pg.7]

Fig. 0.4. Experimental nitrogen Q-branch of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectrum (CARS) measured at 700 K and different pressures [14]. |

The origin of the rotational structure of the isotropic Q-branch (Av = 0, Aj = 0) is connected with the dependence of the vibrational transition frequency shift on rotational quantum number j [121, 126]... [Pg.93]

In order to describe the shape of the Q-branch after its collapse, it is sufficient to use the stochastic perturbation theory expounded in the... [Pg.94]

Owing to this fact, they may be sewed together in order to describe quantitatively the Q-branch transformation with density from a gas to the liquid state [133-5]. [Pg.99]

quasi-classical description of the Q-branch becomes valid as soon as its rotational structure is washed out. There is no doubt that at this point its contour is close to a static one, and, consequently, asymmetric to a large extent. It is also established [136] that after narrowing of the contour its shape in the liquid is Lorentzian even in the far wings where the intensity is four orders less than in the centre (see Fig. 3.3). In this case it is more convenient to compare observed contours with calculated ones by their characteristic parameters. These are the half width at half height Aa)i/2 and the shift of the spectrum maximum ftW—< > = 5a>+A, which is usually assumed to be a sum of the rotational shift 5

difference between rotational structure narrowing caused by pressure and that caused by motional averaging of an adiabatically broadened spectrum [158, 159]. In the limiting case of fast motion, both of them are described by perturbation theory, thus, both widths in Eq. (3.16) and Eq (3.17) are expressed as a product of the frequency dispersion and the correlation time. However, the dispersion of the rotational structure (3.7) defined by intramolecular interaction is independent of the medium density, while the dispersion of the vibrational frequency shift (5 12) in (3.21) is linear in gas density. In principle, correlation times of the frequency modulation are also different. In the first case, it is the free rotation time te that is reduced as the medium density increases, and in the second case, it is the time of collision tc p/ v) that remains unchanged. As the density increases, the rotational contribution to the width decreases due to the reduction of t , while the vibrational contribution increases due to the dispersion growth. In nitrogen, they are of comparable magnitude after the initial (static) spectrum has become ten times narrower. At 77 K the rotational relaxation contribution is no less than 20% of the observed Q-branch width. If the rest of the contribution is entirely determined by... [Pg.115]

The Q-branch band shape in the Keilson-Stoier model... [Pg.116]

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