A simple example would be in a study of a diatomic molecule that in a Hartree-Fock calculation has a bonded cr orbital as the highest occupied MO (HOMO) and a a lowest unoccupied MO (LUMO). A CASSCF calculation would then use the two a electrons and set up four CSFs with single and double excitations from the HOMO into the a orbital. This allows the bond dissociation to be described correctly, with different amounts of the neutral atoms, ion pair, and bonded pair controlled by the Cl coefficients, with the optimal shapes of the orbitals also being found. For more complicated systems... [Pg.300]

These integrals will he non-zero only for double excitations, according to the Brillouin theorem. Third- and fourth-order Moller-Plesset calculations (MP3 and MP4) are also... [Pg.135]

I la2g la2y 2a2g 2a2 and all single and double excitations relative to this (dominant) CSF, which is a very common type of Cl procedure to follow, the Bc2 wavefunction would not have contained the particular CSFs ls2 2p2 ls2 2p2 b because these CSFs are four-fold excited relative to the la2g la2y 2a2g 2a2 reference CSF. [Pg.488]

Another technique, called Brueckner doubles, uses orbitals optimized to make single excitation contributions zero and then includes double excitations. This is essentially equivalent to CCSD in terms of both accuracy and CPU time. [Pg.26]

For conhguration interaction calculations of double excitations or higher, it is possible to solve the Cl super-matrix for the 2nd root, 3rd root, 4th root, and so on. This is a very reliable way to obtain a high-quality wave function for the hrst few excited states. For higher excited states, CPU times become very large since more iterations are generally needed to converge the Cl calculation. This can be done also with MCSCF calculations. [Pg.218]

Higher order methods similarly ought to reproduce the exact solution to their corresponding problem. Methods including double excitations (see Appendix A) ought to reproduce the exact solution to the 2-electron problem, methods including triple excitations, like QCISD(T), ought to reproduce the exact solution to the three-electron problem, and so on. [Pg.8]

The red line follows the progress of the reaction path. First, a butadiene compound b excited into its first excited state (either the cis or trans form may be used—we will be considering the cis conformation). What we have illustrated as the lower excited state is a singlet state, resulting from a single excitation from the HOMO to the LUMO of the n system. The second excited state is a Ag state, corresponding to a double excitation from HOMO to LUMO. The ordering of these two excited states is not completely known, but internal conversion from the By state to the Ag state i.s known to occur almost immediately (within femtoseconds). [Pg.232]

In both cases, the double excitation Ag state is lower in energy than the singe excitation state. However, the energy difference continuously decreases as the CAS description is improved. Adding an MP2 correction would decrease it even further. [Pg.235]

Practical configuration interaction methods augment the Hartree-Fock by adding only a limited set of substitutions, truncating the Cl expansion at some level of substitution. For example, the CIS method adds single excitations to the Hartree-Fock determinant, CID adds double excitations, CISD adds singles and doubles, CISDT adds singles, doubles, and triples, and so on. [Pg.267]

The relative importance of tlie different excitations may qualitatively be understood by noting tliat the doubles provide electron correlation for electron pairs, Quadruply excited determinants are important as they primarily correspond to products of double excitations. The singly excited determinants allow inclusion of multi-reference charactei in the wave function, i.e. they allow the orbitals to relax . Although the HF orbitals are optimum for the single determinant wave function, that is no longer the case when man) determinants are included. The triply excited determinants are doubly excited relative tc the singles, and can then be viewed as providing correlation for the multi-reference part of the Cl wave function. [Pg.108]

The simplest description of an excited state is the orbital picture where one electron has been moved from an occupied to an unoccupied orbital, i.e. an S-type determinant as illustrated in Figure 4.1. The lowest level of theory for a qualitative description of excited states is therefore a Cl including only the singly excited determinants, denoted CIS. CIS gives wave functions of roughly HF quality for excited states, since no orbital optimization is involved. For valence excited states, for example those arising from excitations between rr-orbitals in an unsaturated system, this may be a reasonable description. There are, however, normally also quite low-lying states which essentially correspond to a double excitation, and those require at least inclusion of the doubles as well, i.e. CISD. [Pg.147]

Cluster operator (general, single, double,. .. excitations)... [Pg.405]

In figure 3, we have plotted the XMCD signal in the first 20 eV. Beyond the derivative like feature, one notices a positive resonance at 20 eV and a so called "doubleexcitation" feature between 40 and 50 eV. Above 50 eV the oscillations are difficult to distinguish from the noise. In the whole energy range between 0 and 200 eV, the theoretical spectrum nicely follow the experiment except for the double excitation. ... [Pg.465]

The Brueckner-reference method discussed in Section 5.2 and the cc-pvqz basis set without g functions were applied to the vertical ionization energies of ozone [27]. Errors in the results of Table IV lie between 0.07 and 0.17 eV pole strengths (P) displayed beside the ionization energies are approximately equal to 0.9. Examination of cluster amplitudes amd elements of U vectors for each ionization energy reveals the reasons for the success of the present calculations. The cluster operator amplitude for the double excitation to 2bj from la is approximately 0.19. For each final state, the most important operator pertains to an occupied spin-orbital in the reference determinant, but there are significant coefficients for 2h-p operators. For the A2 case, a balanced description of ground state correlation requires inclusion of a 2p-h operator as well. The 2bi orbital s creation or annihilation operator is present in each of the 2h-p and 2p-h operators listed in Table IV. Pole strengths are approximately equal to the square of the principal h operator coefiScient and contributions by other h operators are relatively small. [Pg.48]

The disappears from Eqn. (15) since it generates only single and double excitations, and (lo is the left-hand eigenfunction of Eo - Ho in that space. [Pg.154]

Details of the extended triple zeta basis set used can be found in previous papers [7,8]. It contains 86 cartesian Gaussian functions with several d- and f-type polarisation functions and s,p diffuse functions. All cartesian components of the d- and f-type polarization functions were used. Cl wave functions were obtained with the MELDF suite of programs [9]. Second order perturbation theory was employed to select the most energetically double excitations, since these are typically too numerous to otherwise handle. All single excitations, which are known to be important for describing certain one-electron properties, were automatically included. Excitations were permitted among all electrons and the full range of virtuals. [Pg.320]

All three states were described by a single set of SCF molecular orbitals based on the occupied canonical orbitals of the X Z- state and a transformation of the canonical virtual space known as "K-orbitals" [10] which, among other properties, approximate the set of natural orbitals. Transition moments within orthogonal basis functions are easier to derive. For the X state the composition of the reference space was obtained by performing two Hartree-Fock single and double excitations (HFSD-CI) calculations at two typical intemuclear distances, i.e. R. (equilibrium geometry) and about 3Re,and adding to the HF... [Pg.320]

Estimates of the energy contributions from higher than double excitations out of the reference space were obtained by means of one form of the "Davidson correction" [11,7]. More details can be found in references [7,8]. [Pg.321]

Generated Total number of spin and symmetry adapted single and double excitations Selected Number of spin and symmetry adapted configurations selected by second-order perturbation theory and treatedvariationally Property calculated with respect to the center of mass... [Pg.326]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.218 , Pg.225 ]

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