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** Integral Inequality Constraints **

** Integral equations natural constraints **

Assuming that a mass-flow rate m is specified, the system may be solved with C(r) as an eigenvalue that depends on r. For each value of r, which is effectively a parameter in the differential equation, a value of C(r) must be determined such that the differential equation, boundary conditions, and mass-flow constraint integral are satisfied. For a given physical system of interest, the problem may be solved for values of r. Of course the constrained differential equation must be solved for each r value. Given a sufficient number of solutions, the functional variation of C(r) will emerge as will the velocity field. The pressure variation p(r) can be determined as... [Pg.226]

The value of K must be determined so as to satisfy the constraint integral,... [Pg.234]

For a given value of Rey, the constraint integral (Eq. 5.102) requires that K take a value such that... [Pg.235]

Unless there are constraints severely restricting heat integration, sequencing of simple distillation columns can be carried out in two steps (1) identify the best few nonintegrated sequences and (2) study... [Pg.155]

The scope for integrating conventional distillation columns into an overall process is often limited. Practical constraints often prevent integration of columns with the rest of the process. If the column cannot be integrated with the rest of the process, or if the potential for integration is limited by the heat flows in the background process, then attention must be turned back to the distillation operation itself and complex arrangements considered. [Pg.353]

First we will look at the constraints in the above groupings, but they are most effectively managed In an Integrated approach, since they all act simultaneously on the profitability of the producing field. This requires careful planning and control by a centralised, integrated team, which will also be discussed. [Pg.332]

Wells are worked over to increase production, reduce operating cost or reinstate their technical integrity. In terms of economics alone (neglecting safety aspects) a workover can be justified if the net present value of the workover activity is positive (and assuming no other constraints exist). The appropriate discount rate is the company s cost of capital. [Pg.353]

Secondly, the linearized inverse problem is, as well as known, ill-posed because it involves the solution of a Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. The solution must be regularized to yield a stable and physically plausible solution. In this apphcation, the classical smoothness constraint on the solution [8], does not allow to recover the discontinuities of the original object function. In our case, we have considered notches at the smface of the half-space conductive media. So, notche shapes involve abrupt contours. This strong local correlation between pixels in each layer of the half conductive media suggests to represent the contrast function (the object function) by a piecewise continuous function. According to previous works that we have aheady presented [14], we 2584... [Pg.326]

Ryckaert J-P, Ciccotti G and Berendsen H J C 1977 Numerical integration of the Cartesian equations of motion of a system with constraints molecular dynamics of n-alkanes J. Comput. Phys. 23 327-41... [Pg.2281]

These methods, which probably deserve more attention than they have received to date, simultaneously optimize the positions of a number of points along the reaction path. The method of Elber and Karpins [91] was developed to find transition states. It fiimishes, however, an approximation to the reaction path. In this method, a number (typically 10-20) equidistant points are chosen along an approximate reaction path coimecting two stationary points a and b, and the average of their energies is minimized under the constraint that their spacing remains equal. This is obviously a numerical quadrature of the integral s f ( (.v)where... [Pg.2354]

** Integral Inequality Constraints **

** Integral equations natural constraints **

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