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** Transition state structures theoretical calculations **

** Transition state theory theoretical calculation for reaction rate **

Theoretical work by the groups directed by Sustmann and, very recently, Mattay attributes the preference for the formation of endo cycloadduct in solution to the polarity of the solvent Their calculations indicate that in the gas phase the exo transition state has a lower energy than the endo counterpart and it is only upon introduction of the solvent that this situation reverses, due to the difference in polarity of both transition states (Figure 1.2). Mattay" stresses the importance of the dienophile transoid-dsoid conformational equilibrium in determining the endo-exo selectivity. The transoid conformation is favoured in solution and is shown to lead to endo product, whereas the cisoid conformation, that is favoured in the gas phase, produces the exo adduct This view is in conflict with ab initio calculations by Houk, indicating an enhanced secondary orbital interaction in the cisoid endo transition state . [Pg.7]

Poor agreement is observed between the experimental and theoretical values [calculated by a combined method, that is, quantum-chemical calculation of the activation energy (Table 37.7 and Table 37.8) and the frequencies of the vibrations of the bonds in the prereaction complex and in the transition state and calculation of the rate constants on the basis of RRKM theory] for certain processes where the effects of electron correlation and the contributions of the excited electronic configurations are not predominant [68-73]. [Pg.484]

Molecular modeling, like all other technical disciplines, has its own jargon. Much of this is described in Appendix B (Common Terms and Acronyms), and only one aspect will be addressed here. This concerns specification of theoretical model used for property calculation together with theoretical model used for equilibrium (or transition-state) geometry calculation. [Pg.51]

The above discussion represents a necessarily brief simnnary of the aspects of chemical reaction dynamics. The theoretical focus of tliis field is concerned with the development of accurate potential energy surfaces and the calculation of scattering dynamics on these surfaces. Experimentally, much effort has been devoted to developing complementary asymptotic techniques for product characterization and frequency- and time-resolved teclmiques to study transition-state spectroscopy and dynamics. It is instructive to see what can be accomplished with all of these capabilities. Of all the benclunark reactions mentioned in section A3.7.2. the reaction F + H2 —> HE + H represents the best example of how theory and experiment can converge to yield a fairly complete picture of the dynamics of a chemical reaction. Thus, the remainder of this chapter focuses on this reaction as a case study in reaction dynamics. [Pg.875]

The results from theoretical calculations by DFT methods DFT/BPW91 and B3LYP with the standard BASIS 6-31G (d) showed that the addition reactions between O3 and double bonds of terpinolene (75), /1-phellandrene (76), and limonene (77) were possible and thermodynamically favoured the transition states were calculated and stereoselectivity of the reactions was discussed from thermodynamic and orbital points of view. [Pg.134]

One cannot discuss Lewis acid-catalyzed cycloaddition reactions in the present context without trying to understand the reaction course mechanistically, e.g. using a frontier molecular orbital (FMO) point of reasoning, or theoretical calculations of transition state structures. [Pg.302]

As far as relative reactivity is concerned, much effort continues to be directed towards the evaluation of reactivity ratios. While some of this is experimentally based, there has also been a number of essentially theoretical papers.Some transition-state theory calculations on the propagation reaction in cationic polymerization have also been reported. [Pg.248]

In a study of the methane complex [(diimine)Pt(CH3)(CH4)]+ (diimine = HN=C(H)-C(H)=NH), relevant to the diimine system experimentally investigated by Tilset et al. (28), theoretical calculations indicate preference for the oxidative addition pathway (30). When one water molecule was included in these calculations, the preference for oxidative addition increased due to the stabilization of Pt(IV) by coordinated water (30). The same preference for oxidative addition was previously calculated for the ethylenediamine (en) system [(en)Pt(CH3)(CH4)]+ (151). This model is relevant for the experimentally investigated tmeda system [(tmeda)Pt(CH3)(solv)]+ discussed above (Scheme 7, B) (27,152). For the bis-formate complex Pt(02CH)2, a a-bond metathesis was assumed and the energies of intermediates and transition states were calculated [Pg.290]

** Transition state structures theoretical calculations **

** Transition state theory theoretical calculation for reaction rate **

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