We have shown several examples of how theoretical NMR calculations can be used in conjunction with experimental studies to further our understanding of catalysis. The agreement between the results of the two approaches is often excellent, and in all cases shown the agreement is sufficient to aid the interpretation of the chemistry. The synergy between the theoretical and experimental approaches provides benefits beyond what either approach could provide separately. We expect theoretical predictions of NMR data will become more widely used as both theorists and experimentalists gain a better appreciation of the methods. These techniques will [Pg.76]

Section 3, the main section of this paper, deals with the NMR of bulk semiconductors. Section 3.1 lists the various relevant terms in the NMR spin Hamiltonian. The NMR techniques and strategies that can be employed to obtain the individual NMR parameters of the spin Hamiltonian and theoretical calculations of NMR parameters will be discussed in Sect. 3.2. The remaining subsections will provide examples from the important classes of semiconductors that illustrate the measurement and interpretation of each of the spin Hamiltonian parameters, with an emphasis on what information about semiconductors the parameters convey. [Pg.233]

The preferred conformations of methoxy groups attached to aromatic rings in the phenethylamines have recently been investigated using theoretical approaches, gas phase experimental methods, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques for the molecules in aqueous solution. Ab initio theoretical calculations and experimental gas phase results have indicated that when two [Pg.182]

Table 3 collects the results obtained by different authors on the reaction of 0s04(NH3) with ethylene. Though the methods were not identical, the results are very similar, and in all cases there is a clear preference of the [3+2] over the [2+2] pathway. Additional confirmation was provided by a combined experimental and theoretical study using kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) to compare experiment and theory. Kinetic isotope effects were measured by a new NMR technique [25] and compared to values, which are available from calculated transition states. It showed that indeed only the [3+2] pathway is feasible [10]. [Pg.258]

The major effect of new advanced techniques on catalyst structure is found in zeolite catalysis. NMR techniques, especially MASNMR, have helped to explain aluminum distribution in zeolites and to increase our understanding of critical parameters in zeolite synthesis and crystallization. MASNMR, combined with TEM, STEM, XPS, and diagnostic catalytic reaction probes, has advanced our knowledge of the critical relationship between the structure and reactivity patterns of zeolites in the chemical fuels industry. Throughout the symposium upon which this book is based, many correlations were evident between theoretical quantum mechanical calculations and the structures elucidated by these techniques. [Pg.7]

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