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** Density functional calculation calculations **

** Density functional calculations **

Herein we present a fully theoretical work based on density functional theory (DFT) enabling the investigation of the local structure of lanthanide-doped compounds, the calculation of [Pg.1]

Specific aspects examined here include insights and conclusions derived from the most recently performed density functional theory (DFT) calculations, which have been based on a comprehensive model of the electrochemical interface, and the strong disagreements (which seem to defy all recent theoretical efforts) that remain regarding proper interpretation of experimental ORR results and proper identihcation of the ORR mechanism in a PEFC cathode employing Pt catalysts. [Pg.3]

Malkin, V. G., O. L. Malkina, L. A. Eriksson, and D. S. Salahub. 1995. The Calculation of NMR and ESR Spectroscopy Parameters Using Density Functional Theory in Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, vol. 1, Density Functional Calculations, P. Polotzer and J. M. Seminario, eds., Amsterdam, Elsevier. [Pg.123]

Only the structures of di- and trisulfane have been determined experimentally. For a number of other sulfanes structural information is available from theoretical calculations using either density functional theory or ab initio molecular orbital theory. In all cases the unbranched chain has been confirmed as the most stable structure but these chains can exist as different ro-tamers and, in some cases, as enantiomers. However, by theoretical methods information about the structures and stabilities of additional isomeric sul-fane molecules with branched sulfur chains and cluster-like structures was obtained which were identified as local minima on the potential energy hypersurface (see later). [Pg.108]

There have, however, been attempts to correlate Q-e values and hence reactivity ratios to, for example, c NMR chemical shifts 50 or the results of MO calculations 51153 and to provide a better theoretical basis for the parameters. Most recently, Zhan and Dixon153 applied density functional theory to demonstrate that Q values could be correlated to calculated values of the relative free energy for the radical monomer reaction (PA + Mn — PA ). The e values were correlated to values of the electronegativities of monomer and radical. [Pg.364]

It is a truism that in the past decade density functional theory has made its way from a peripheral position in quantum chemistry to center stage. Of course the often excellent accuracy of the DFT based methods has provided the primary driving force of this development. When one adds to this the computational economy of the calculations, the choice for DFT appears natural and practical. So DFT has conquered the rational minds of the quantum chemists and computational chemists, but has it also won their hearts To many, the success of DFT appeared somewhat miraculous, and maybe even unjust and unjustified. Unjust in view of the easy achievement of accuracy that was so hard to come by in the wave function based methods. And unjustified it appeared to those who doubted the soundness of the theoretical foundations. There has been misunderstanding concerning the status of the one-determinantal approach of Kohn and Sham, which superficially appeared to preclude the incorporation of correlation effects. There has been uneasiness about the molecular orbitals of the Kohn-Sham model, which chemists used qualitatively as they always have used orbitals but which in the physics literature were sometimes denoted as mathematical constructs devoid of physical (let alone chemical) meaning. [Pg.5]

Fischer-type carbene complexes, generally characterized by the formula (CO)5M=C(X)R (M=Cr, Mo, W X=7r-donor substitutent, R=alkyl, aryl or unsaturated alkenyl and alkynyl), have been known now for about 40 years. They have been widely used in synthetic reactions [37,51-58] and show a very good reactivity especially in cycloaddition reactions [59-64]. As described above, Fischer-type carbene complexes are characterized by a formal metal-carbon double bond to a low-valent transition metal which is usually stabilized by 7r-acceptor substituents such as CO, PPh3 or Cp. The electronic structure of the metal-carbene bond is of great interest because it determines the reactivity of the complex [65-68]. Several theoretical studies have addressed this problem by means of semiempirical [69-73], Hartree-Fock (HF) [74-79] and post-HF [80-83] calculations and lately also by density functional theory (DFT) calculations [67, 84-94]. Often these studies also compared Fischer-type and [Pg.6]

** Density functional calculation calculations **

** Density functional calculations **

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