A modification of the foregoing procedure is to suspend the plate so that it is partly immersed and to determine from the dry and immersed weights the meniscus weight. The procedure is especially useful in the study of surface adsorption or of monolayers, where a change in surface tension is to be measured. This application is discussed in some detail by Gaines [57]. Equation 11-28 also applies to a wire or fiber [58]. [Pg.25]

The probabihty-density function for the normal distribution cui ve calculated from Eq. (9-95) by using the values of a, b, and c obtained in Example 10 is also compared with precise values in Table 9-10. In such symmetrical cases the best fit is to be expected when the median or 50 percentile Xm is used in conjunction with the lower quartile or 25 percentile Xl or with the upper quartile or 75 percentile X[j. These statistics are frequently quoted, and determination of values of a, b, and c by using Xm with Xl and with Xu is an indication of the symmetry of the cui ve. When the agreement is reasonable, the mean v ues of o so determined should be used to calculate the corresponding value of a. [Pg.825]

The electronic contribution to the dipole moment is thus determined from the density matrix and a series of one-electron integrals J dr< (-r)0. The dipole moment operator, r, h.)-components in the x, y and z directions, and so these one-electron integrals are divided into their appropriate components for example, the x component of the electronic contribution to the dipole moment would be determined using [Pg.96]

It is permissible to lest just one panel of a multi panel-assembly so long as the construction of other panels is similar and busbar arrangement and supports are the same. The value of the prospective short-circuit current may be determined from a calibrated oscillogram. The test current in any phase should not vary by more than 10% of the average in the three phases and must be applied for a predetermined time of I or. 1 seconds. Unless specified otherwise, this should be considered as to be I second. [Pg.429]

Depth tends to be determined from the retention time and the surface overflow rate. As surface overflow rates were reduced, the depth of sedimentation tanks was reduced to keep retention time from being excessive. It was recognized that depth was a valid design parameter and was more critical in some systems than retention time. As mixed-liquor suspended-solids (MESS) concentrations increase, the depth should also be increased. Minimum sedimentation-tank depths for variable operations should be 3.0 m (10 ft) with depths to 4.5 m (15 ft) if 3000 mg/L MESS concentrations are to be maintained under variable hydraulic conditions. With MESS concentrations above 4000 mg/L, the depth of the sedimentation tank should be increased to 6.0 m (20 ft). The key is to keep a definite freeboard over the settled-sludge blanket so that variable hydraulic flows do not lift the solids over the effluent weir. [Pg.2221]

The more permeable component is called the. st ga.s, so it is the one enriched in the permeate stream. Permeability through polymers is the product of solubihty and diffusivity. The diffusivity of a gas in a membrane is inversely proportional to its kinetic diameter, a value determined from zeolite cage exclusion data (see Table 22-23 after Breck, Zeolite Molecular Sieves, Wiley, NY, 1974, p. 636). [Pg.2047]

The total pressures at X may thus be determined, as (po)xg and (po)xc- as Hartsel implies, the mainstream Mach number at X (Mxg) is also known, which means that the static pressure at the mixing plane (px) is al.so known, A x<.- may also be determined from (Pi))xc- The two different velocities V . and Vj. are then obtained, together with the required value of y for Eq. (4.47). [Pg.63]

Normally vessels are designed with the gas outlet location well above TDH. If circumstances force operation with a bed height so that the outlet is below TDH, an equivalent velocity, an effective velocity higher than the actual superficial gas velocity, is used ia the above calculation. The effective gas velocity can be determined from Figure 19 (27). [Pg.80]

The molecular and liquid properties of water have been subjects of intensive research in the field of molecular science. Most theoretical approaches, including molecular simulation and integral equation methods, have relied on the effective potential, which was determined empirically or semiempirically with the aid of ab initio MO calculations for isolated molecules. The potential parameters so determined from the ab initio MO in vacuum should have been readjusted so as to reproduce experimental observables in solutions. An obvious problem in such a way of determining molecular parameters is that it requires the reevaluation of the parameters whenever the thermodynamic conditions such as temperature and pressure are changed, because the effective potentials are state properties. [Pg.422]

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