Figure 2-5 Physical Significance of the Anisotropic Stress-Strain Relations |

Finally we must draw attention to an Interesting and physically significant approximate relation between the numerical magnitudes of the parameters P and 9 in Table 11.1. Their ratio Is given by [Pg.127]

We shall presently examine the physical significance of the shift factors, since they quantitatively embody the time-temperature equivalence principle. For the present, however, we shall regard these as purely empirical parameters. The following Ust enumerates some pertinent properties of a [Pg.258]

Statistical mechanics provides physical significance to the virial coefficients (18). For the expansion in 1/ the term BjV arises because of interactions between pairs of molecules (eq. 11), the term C/ k, because of three-molecule interactions, etc. Because two-body interactions are much more common than higher order interactions, tmncated forms of the virial expansion are typically used. If no interactions existed, the virial coefficients would be 2ero and the virial expansion would reduce to the ideal gas law Z = 1). [Pg.234]

Note that Eqs. (6.5) and (6.12) are both first-order rate laws, although the physical significance of the proportionality factors is quite different in the two cases. The rate constants shown in Eqs. (6.5) and (6.6) show a temperature dependence described by the Arrhenius equation [Pg.357]

Eqs. (D.5)-(D.7). However, when perturbations occur due to anharmonicity, the wave functions in Eqs. (D.11)-(D.13) will provide the conect zeroth-order ones. The quantum numbers and v h are therefore not physically significant, while V2 arid or V2 and I2 = m, are. It should also be pointed out that the degeneracy in the vibrational levels will be split due to anharmonicity [28]. [Pg.622]

The impulse can be due to sudden collision with particles or to exposure to electromagnetic radiation. The physical significance of tire fonn factoi n r transitions in atomic hydrogen, [Pg.2025]

In the event that three real roots obtain for these equations, only the largest 2 (smallest p) appropriate for the vapor phase has physical significance, because the viriaf equations are suitable only for vapors and gases. [Pg.530]

When i = J, all equations reduce to the appropriate values for a pure species. When i j, these equations define a set of interaction parameters having no physical significance. For a mixture, values of By and dBjj/dT from Eqs. (4-212) and (4-213) are substituted into Eqs. (4-183) and (4-185) to provide values of the mixture second virial coefficient B and its temperature derivative. Values of and for the mixture are then given by Eqs. (4-193) and (4-194), and values of In i for the component fugacity coefficients are given by Eq. (4-196). [Pg.530]

In developing these ideas quantitatively, we shall derive expressions for the light scattered by a volume element in the scattering medium. The symbol i is used to represent this quantity its physical significance is also shown in Fig. 10.1. [Our problem with notation in this chapter is too many i s ] Before actually deriving this, let us examine the relationship between i and 1 or, more exactly, between I /Iq and IJIq. [Pg.663]

As a device for describing the effect of temperature on solution nonideality, it is entirely suitable to think of Eq. (8.115) as offering an alternate notation which accomplishes the desired effect with p and as adjustable parameters. We note, however, that the left-hand side of Eq. (8.115) contains only one such parameter, x, while the right-hand side contains two p and . Does this additional parameter have any physical significance [Pg.566]

However, if the liquid solution contains a noncondensable component, the normalization shown in Equation (13) cannot be applied to that component since a pure, supercritical liquid is a physical impossibility. Sometimes it is convenient to introduce the concept of a pure, hypothetical supercritical liquid and to evaluate its properties by extrapolation provided that the component in question is not excessively above its critical temperature, this concept is useful, as discussed later. We refer to those hypothetical liquids as condensable components whenever they follow the convention of Equation (13). However, for a highly supercritical component (e.g., H2 or N2 at room temperature) the concept of a hypothetical liquid is of little use since the extrapolation of pure-liquid properties in this case is so excessive as to lose physical significance. [Pg.18]

As discussed in preceding sections, FI and have nuclear spin 5, which may have drastic consequences on the vibrational spectra of the corresponding trimeric species. In fact, the nuclear spin functions can only have A, (quartet state) and E (doublet) symmetries. Since the total wave function must be antisymmetric, Ai rovibronic states are therefore not allowed. Thus, for 7 = 0, only resonance states of A2 and E symmetries exist, with calculated states of Ai symmetry being purely mathematical states. Similarly, only -symmetric pseudobound states are allowed for 7 = 0. Indeed, even when vibronic coupling is taken into account, only A and E vibronic states have physical significance. Table XVII-XIX summarize the symmetry properties of the wave functions for H3 and its isotopomers. [Pg.605]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.17 , Pg.157 , Pg.158 , Pg.159 , Pg.160 , Pg.161 , Pg.162 ]

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