M. Niggemann and B. Steipe, Exploring local and non-local interactions for protein stability by structural motif engineering, [Pg.307]

Frishman, D. and Argos, R, Incorporation of non-local interactions in protein secondary structure prediction from the amino acid sequence, Prot. Eng., 9, 133, 1996. [Pg.140]

It is seen that the symmetry of the non-coulombic non-local interaction in the bulk phase forces the symmetry of the localized interaction with the wall. If we omitted the surface Hamiltonian and set / = 0 we would still obtain the boundary condition setting the gradient of the overall ionic density to zero. The boundary condition due to electrostatics is given by [Pg.818]

The special effects associated with materials made up of nanosized particles are also due to non-local interactions. Such effects were first noticed in the field of micro-electronics during efforts to decrease the size of devices to quasi one-dimensional or zero-dimensional structures [236]. One possibility for obtaining zero-dimensional structures is the inclusion of spherical semiconductor particles in a transparent dielectric medium. Such isolated microcrystals, typically of nanometer size are known as quantum dots. Best-known examples include particles of CdS and CdSe isolated in silicate glasses. [Pg.254]

There are two important conclusions to be drawn from this insight, namely the additive nature of many molecular properties and the existence of nonlocal intramolecular interactions. Charge distribution and conformation of molecules are determined holistically by non-local interaction. All local features are consequences of the whole. However, molecules of any complexity are rarely the product of a one-step reaction that starts from the constituent atoms, but are more likely built up from intermediate fragments that retain some of their own molecular properties on incorporation into a bigger whole. This mechanism explains the large number of additivity rules that have been discovered empirically in molecular systems [51]. Diverse addi- [Pg.86]

To calculate the quantum potential it is first necessary to find R, which by equation 9 is clearly a function of all particle coordinates, because of nonlocal interaction in terms of the molecular quantum entanglement inferred before. Even when all particle coordinates and velocities (v = 0) are identical in the two states, the state S must therefore still be at a lower energy. The difference can only be attributed to the quantum potential which differs for the two states. The force that holds the molecule together is therefore seen to be a special case of non-local interaction within the molecule. [Pg.156]

The interaction potential model, originally proposed by Shan and Chen,37 and henceforth referred to as the S-C model, introduces k distribution functions for a fluid mixture comprising of k components. Each distribution function represents a fluid component and satisfies the evolution equation. The non-local interaction [Pg.265]

The theories that should feature prominently in the understanding of chemical effects have been summarized in this volume, without demonstrating their application. The way forward has been indicated by Primas [67] and in the second volume of this work the practical use of modern concepts such as spontaneous symmetry breaking, non-local interaction, bohmian mechanics, number theories and space-time topology, to elucidate chemical effects will be explored. The aim is to stimulate renewed theoretical interest in chemistry. [Pg.522]

The argument so far is premised on the assumption that there is no interaction possible between the correlated atoms at the time that the measurement is done. However, should there be an undisclosed interaction between the two particles, disturbance of A, caused by the measurement could communicate itself to B, causing a simultaneous disturbance at that position as well. This interaction may result in orientation of the spin at B in a direction opposite to that of A. Not surprisingly Einstein, the father of special relativity, did not even consider such a possibility since it requires instantaneous non-local interaction. [Pg.72]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.253 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.447 , Pg.466 , Pg.472 , Pg.473 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.134 ]

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