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** Euler-Lagrange functional method **

** Lagrange Interpolation and Numerical Integration Application on Error Function **

** Lagrange Multiplier Rule functions **

** Lagrange Multiplier and Objective Functional **

** Lagrange interpolation function **

The Lagrange function here is similar to that used above. [Pg.484]

Each of the inequality constraints gj(z) multiphed by what is called a Kuhn-Tucker multiplier is added to form the Lagrange function. The necessaiy conditions for optimality, called the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions for inequality-constrained optimization problems, are... [Pg.484]

These problems get very large as the Lagrange function involves all the variables in theproblem. If one has aproblem with 5000 variables z and the problem has only 10 degrees olfreedom (i.e., the partitioning will select 4990 variables x and only 10 variables u), one is still faced with maintaining a matrix B that is 5000 X 5000. See Westerberg (Ref. 40) for references to this case. [Pg.486]

The diagonal elements in the sum involving the Hamilton operator are energies of the corresponding deteiminants. The overlap elements between different determinants are zero as they are built from orthogonal MOs (eq. (3.20)). The variational procedure corresponds to setting alt the derivatives of the Lagrange function (4.3) with respect to the at expansion coefficients equal to zero. [Pg.102]

The idea is to construct a Lagrange function which has the same energy as the non-variational wave function, but which is variational in all parameters. Consider for example a CL wave function, which is variational in the state coefficients (a) but not in the MO coefficients (c) (note that we employ lower case c for the MO coefficients, but capital C to denote all wave function parameters, i.e. C contains both a and c), since they are determined by the stationary condition for the HF wave function. [Pg.243]

A more elegant method of enforcing constraints is the Lagrange method. The function to be optimized depends on a number of variables,/(xi,X2,... xn), and the constraint condition can always be written as another function, g x, X2,...xat) = 0. Now define a Lagrange function as the original function minus a constant times the constraint function. [Pg.339]

If there is more than one constraint, one additional multiplier term is added for each constraint. The optimization is then performed on the Lagrange function by requiring that the gradient with respect to the x- and A-variable(s) is equal to zero. In many cases the multipliers A can be given a physical interpretation at the end. In the variational treatment of an HF wave function (Section 3.3), the MO orthogonality constraints turn out to be MO energies, and the multiplier associated with normalization of the total Cl wave function (Section 4.2) becomes the total energy. [Pg.339]

The foregoing inequality constraints must be converted to equality constraints before the operation begins, and this is done by introducing a slack variable q, for each. The several equations are then combined into a Lagrange function F, and this necessitates the introduction of a Lagrange multiplier, X, for each constraint. [Pg.613]

Then, following the appropriate steps (i.e., partial differentiation of the Lagrange function) and solving the resulting set of six simultaneous equations, values are obtained for the appropriate levels of X and X2, to yield an optimum in vitro time of 17.9 mm (Lo%). The solution to a constrained optimization program may depend heavily on the constraints applied to the secondary objectives. [Pg.613]

Partially differentiate the Lagrange function for each variable and Set derivatives equal to zero. [Pg.613]

The necessary conditions for an optimal solution of problem (5.29) are equivalent (Edgar and Himmelblau, 1988) to those for optimizing the Lagrange function defined as... [Pg.102]

The Lagrange function L of harmonic chain without thermostats is given... [Pg.89]

In this approach, the potential energy V is a function of the reduced coordinates and the -matrix. For the kinetic energy, one would only be interested in the motion of the particle relative to the distorted geometry so that a suitable Lagrange function Lq for the system would read as follows ... [Pg.94]

It is of interest also to notice that the solution of Eq. (6) minimizes the following Euler-Lagrange functional with respect to variations of... [Pg.157]

Note that the equations are given in explicit algebraic form. Comparing to problem (35), note that all additional constraints have disappeared and the differential equations have had a simple, low-order Euler discretization applied to them. However, as with (35) we note that the Lagrange function for this problem. [Pg.247]

A similar constrained optimization problem has been solved in Section 2.5.4 by the method of Lagrange multipliers. Using the same method we look for the stationary point of the Lagrange function... [Pg.188]

Equation (B20) incorporates the fact that each impurity in a state klm contains l ionizable electrons. Let the Lagrange multipliers be yk, = 1,2,... for Eq. (B19), a for Eq. (B20), and / for Eq. (B21). Then the derivative with respect to nklm of the total Lagrange function will give... [Pg.153]

S. R. Jain When Prof. Rice talks about optimal control schemes, his Lagrange function follows a time-reversed Schrodinger equation. Is it assumed in the variational deduction that the Hamiltonian is time reversal invariant that is, is it always diagonalizable by orthogonal transformations ... [Pg.386]

This section presents first the formulation and basic definitions of constrained nonlinear optimization problems and introduces the Lagrange function and the Lagrange multipliers along with their interpretation. Subsequently, the Fritz John first-order necessary optimality conditions are discussed as well as the need for first-order constraint qualifications. Finally, the necessary, sufficient Karush-Kuhn-Dicker conditions are introduced along with the saddle point necessary and sufficient optimality conditions. [Pg.49]

A key idea in developing necessary and sufficient optimality conditions for nonlinear constrained optimization problems is to transform them into unconstrained problems and apply the optimality conditions discussed in Section 3.1 for the determination of the stationary points of the unconstrained function. One such transformation involves the introduction of an auxiliary function, called the Lagrange function L(x,A, p), defined as... [Pg.51]

The transformed unconstrained problem then becomes to find the stationary points of the Lagrange function... [Pg.51]

Remark 1 The implications of transforming the constrained problem (3.3) into finding the stationary points of the Lagrange function are two-fold (i) the number of variables has increased from n (i.e. the x variables) to n + m + p (i.e. the jc, A and /z variables) and (ii) we need to establish the relation between problem (3.3) and the minimization of the Lagrange function with respect to x for fixed values of the lagrange multipliers. This will be discussed in the duality theory chapter. Note also that we need to identify which of the stationary points of the Lagrange function correspond to the minimum of (3.3). [Pg.52]

If the perturbation vector changes, then the optimal solution of (3.8) and its multipliers will change, since in general x — x(b) and A = A(b). Then, the Lagrange function takes the form... [Pg.53]

Taking the gradient of the Lagrange function with respect to the perturbation vector b and rearranging the terms we obtain... [Pg.53]

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See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.77 , Pg.83 , Pg.94 , Pg.100 ]

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See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.311 ]

** Euler-Lagrange functional method **

** Lagrange Interpolation and Numerical Integration Application on Error Function **

** Lagrange Multiplier Rule functions **

** Lagrange Multiplier and Objective Functional **

** Lagrange interpolation function **

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