Thus, the quantum-mechanical treatment of generalized angular momentum presented in Section 5.2 may be applied to spin angular momentum. The spin operator S is identified with the operator J and its components Sx, Sy, Sz with Jx, Jy, Jz- Equations (5.26) when applied to spin angular momentum are... [Pg.197]

These equations prove that the funetions J j,m> must either themselves be eigenfunetions of J2 and Jz, with eigenvalues h f(j,m) and h (m+1) or J+ j,m> must equal zero. In the... [Pg.621]

Transformation of the independent variables to dimensionless form uses = r/R and jz = z/L. In most reactor design calculations, it is preferable to retain the dimensions on the dependent variable, temperature, to avoid confusion when calculating the Arrhenius temperature dependence and other temperature-dependent properties. The following set of marching-ahead equations are functionally equivalent to Equations (8.25)-(8.27) but are written in dimensionless form for a circular tube with temperature (still dimensioned) as the dependent variable. For the centerline. [Pg.293]

The activity coefficient of the solvent remains close to unity up to quite high electrolyte concentrations e.g. the activity coefficient for water in an aqueous solution of 2 m KC1 at 25°C equals y0x = 1.004, while the value for potassium chloride in this solution is y tX = 0.614, indicating a quite large deviation from the ideal behaviour. Thus, the activity coefficient of the solvent is not a suitable characteristic of the real behaviour of solutions of electrolytes. If the deviation from ideal behaviour is to be expressed in terms of quantities connected with the solvent, then the osmotic coefficient is employed. The osmotic pressure of the system is denoted as jz and the hypothetical osmotic pressure of a solution with the same composition that would behave ideally as jt. The equations for the osmotic pressures jt and jt are obtained from the equilibrium condition of the pure solvent and of the solution. Under equilibrium conditions the chemical potential of the pure solvent, which is equal to the standard chemical potential at the pressure p, is equal to the chemical potential of the solvent in the solution under the osmotic pressure jt,... [Pg.19]

P(Jjz) in equation 15 is the probability density of the CH3Br total rotational angular momentum quantum number, j, and rotational quantum number, jz. It is given by,... [Pg.140]

In these equations, J and M are quantum numbers associated with the angular momentum operators J2 and Jz, respectively. The number II = 0, 1 is a parity quantum number that specifies the symmetry or antisymmetry of the yd JMUV column vector with respect to the inversion of the nuclei through G. Note that the same parity quantum number II appears for and Also, the... [Pg.314]

Equation (10.6) and can be directly substituted into Eq. (10.1) resulting in the expression for surface flux, Jz. [Pg.316]

Thus, formula (2.18) represents a new form of the non-relativistic wave function of an atomic electron (to be more precise, its new angular part in jj coupling). It is an eigenfunction of the operators I2, s2, j2 and jz, and it satisfies the one-electron Schrodinger equation, written in j-representation. Only its phase multiplier depends on the orbital quantum number to ensure selection rules with respect to parity. [Pg.14]

Let us consider the field which is obtained after the elimination of Hz. In this field j = jz, tp = 0, E = Ez. A has only one component, Az, which we denote by a in what follows. The two-dimensional vector of the magnetic field with components Hx and Hy we denote by h. Expanding (3), we obtain the equation for h ... [Pg.94]

In the presence of trace amounts of water, the tetrameric p,2-oxo complex (182) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane is transformed into a p, -oxo tetrameric complex (183 equation 254), characterized by an X-ray structure.574 In contrast, (182) 572,575 is inactive towards the oxidation of phenols. The reaction of N,N,N, AT -tetramethyl-l,3-propanediamine (TMP) with CuCl, C02 and dioxygen results in the quantitative formation of the /z-carbonato complex (184 equation 255).s76 This compound acts as an initiator for the oxidative coupling of phenols by 02. 6 Such jz-carbonato complexes, also prepared from the reaction of Cu(BPI)CO with 02 [BPI = 1,3 bis(2-(4-methyl-pyridyl)imino)isoindoline],577 are presumably involved as reactive intermediates in the oxidative carbonylation of methanol to dimethyl carbonate (see below).578 Upon reaction with methanol, the tetrameric complex (182 L = Py X = Cl) produces the bis(/z-methoxo) complex (185 equation 256), which has been characterized by an X-ray structure,579 and is reactive for the oxidatiye cleavage of pyrocatechol to muconic acid derivatives.580,581... [Pg.389]

The equation for truncated NOE (Section 7.3) can also be derived from Eq. (VII. 13), again generalized by substituting Phj) with the total relaxation rate pi, by setting (Jz(t)) = 0 (instantaneous saturation). Integration then gives... [Pg.354]

Equations (11.3.23) and (20) show that the infinitesimal generator I of rotations in ft3 about any axis n is the angular momentum about n. The separate symbol I has now served its purpose and will henceforth be replaced by the usual symbol for the angular momentum operator, J, and similarly /), I2, h will be replaced by Jx, Jy, Jz. [Pg.189]

Equation (23) demonstrates the reason for the name shift operators if j m) is an eigenvector of Jz with eigenvalue m, then J j m) is also an eigenvector of Jz but with eigenvalue m 1. However, J j m) is no longer normalized let c+ or c be the numerical factor that restores normalization after the application of./, or./, so that ... [Pg.190]

The axisymmetric nature of conical hoppers results in es = 0 and, according to Eq. (2.20), cre = (

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