This model accounts for a yield stress combined with power law behavior in stress as a function of shear rate. Besides, this model predicts a viscosity that diverges continuously at low shear rates and is infinite below the yield stress. When n = 1, the Herschel-Bulkley model reduces to the Bingham fluid model where the flow above the yield stress would be purely Newtonian and the constant k would represent the viscosity [28]. [Pg.227]

The behaviour of slurries which exhibit a yield stress can be represented by a model in which the relationship between the effective stress t — ty and the shear rate is either linear, as in Newtonian fluids (Bingham plastic model), or follows a power-law, as in pseudoplastic or dilatant fluids (Herschel-Bulkley model or yield power-law model). The shear stress-shear rate relationship for these models is shown in Figure 4.4. [Pg.99]

In Equation (2), n is the flow behavior index (-),K is the consistency index (Pa secn), and the other terms have been defined before. For shear-thinning fluids, the magnitude of n

Two protocols are presented for non-Newtonian fluids. Basic Protocol 1 is for time-independent non-Newtonian fluids and is a ramped type of test that is suitable for time-independent materials. The test is a nonequilibrium linear procedure, referred to as a ramped or stepped flow test. A nonquantitative value for apparent yield stress is generated with this type of protocol, and any model fitting should be done with linear models (e.g., Newtonian, Herschel-Bulkley unithit). [Pg.1143]

In the MEB equation, kinetic energy losses can be calculated easily provided that the kinetic energy correction factor a can be determined. In turbulent flow, often, the value of a = 2 is used in the MEB equation. When the flow is laminar and the fluid is Newtonian, the value of a = 1 is used. Osorio and Steffe (1984) showed that for fluids that follow the Herschel-Bulkley model, the value of a in laminar flow depends on both the flow behavior index ( ) and the dimensionless yield stress ( o) defined above. They developed an analytical expression and also presented their results in graphical form for a as a function of the flow behavior index ( ) and the dimensionless yield stress ( o)- When possible, the values presented by Osorio and Steffe (1984) should be used. For FCOJ samples that do not exhibit yield stress and are mildly shear-thinning, it seems reasonable to use a value of a = 1. [Pg.433]

© 2019 chempedia.info