There are several methods developed for the calculation of logP from molecular structure, based on -> substituent constants, - fragmental constants, - electronic descriptors, -> steric descriptors, - connectivity indices, surface areas, - volume descriptors, and -> chromatographic descriptors [Leo, 1990 Hansch et al., 1995b Carrupt et al., 1997 Reinhard and Drefahl, 1999]. [Pg.271]

One of the initial approaches to decrease these costs were attempted by correlating the biological function of a compound with its chemical structure, expressed in terms of molecular structural descriptors, by means of QSAR techniques. This discipline was promoted by Hansch and his group (Fujita, 1990). It was based on the determination of mathematical equations expressing the biological activities as a function of molecular parameters. [Pg.56]

Based on the earlier work of Meyer and Overton, who showed that the narcotic effect of anesthetics was related to their oil/water partition coefficients, Hansch and his co-workers have demonstrated unequivocally the importance of hydrophobic parameters such as log P (where P is, usually, the octanol/water partition coefficient) in QSAR analysis.28 The so-called classical QSAR approach, pioneered by Hansch, involves stepwise multiple regression analysis (MRA) in the generation of activity correlations with structural descriptors, such as physicochemical parameters (log P, molar refractivity, etc.) or substituent constants such as ir, a, and Es (where these represent hydrophobic, electronic, and steric effects, respectively). The Hansch approach has been very successful in accurately predicting effects in many biological systems, some of which have been subsequently rationalized by inspection of the three-dimensional structures of receptor proteins.28 The use of log P (and its associated substituent parameter, tr) is very important in toxicity,29-32 as well as in other forms of bioactivity, because of the role of hydrophobicity in molecular transport across cell membranes and other biological barriers. [Pg.177]

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