Collision energy (keV) Theoretical calculation Cotte et al. [4] Dijkkamp et al. [Pg.343]

Radmer, R.J., Kollman, P.A., Free energy calculation methods a theoretical and empirical comparison of numerical errors and a new method for qualitative estimates of free energy changes, J. Comput. Chem. 1997,18, 902-919 [Pg.245]

Resat, H. Mezei, M., Studies on free energy calculations, n. A theoretical approach to molecular solvation, J. Chem. Phys. 1994, 222, 6126-6140 [Pg.457]

As we have already pointed out, the theoretical basis of free energy calculations were laid a long time ago [1,4,5], but, quite understandably, had to wait for sufficient computational capabilities to be applied to molecular systems of interest to the chemist, the physicist, and the biologist. In the meantime, these calculations were the domain of analytical theories. The most useful in practice were perturbation theories of dense liquids. In the Barker-Henderson theory [13], the reference state was chosen to be a hard-sphere fluid. The subsequent Weeks-Chandler-Andersen theory [14] differed from the Barker-Henderson approach by dividing the intermolecular potential such that its unperturbed and perturbed parts were associated with repulsive and attractive forces, respectively. This division yields slower variation of the perturbation term with intermolecular separation and, consequently, faster convergence of the perturbation series than the division employed by Barker and Henderson. [Pg.4]

Table 12.4. Substituent Effects on Radical Stability from Measurements of Bond Dissociation Energies and Theoretical Calculations of Radical Stabilization Energies |

Other studies performed on cytotoxic-Ex, like compound 126 (Eig. 20) [219-222], have revealed that the toxic effect is related to molecular LUMO energy, hpophilicity (theoretically calculated) and MulHken charge on Fx 2-nitrogen [236]. A tentative mechanism of cytotoxicity was proposed using this correlation. [Pg.298]

The test results for emulsion commercial explosives have shown that there is a correlation between the depth of the wetness pipe dent and the relative energy calculated theoretically. The test results are very usefiil, esj cially when used together with results obtained by underwater detonation and by ballistic mortar tests. [Pg.188]

In the present work, we report on a new semi-empirical theoretical approach which allows us to perform spin and symmetry unconstrained total energy calculations for clusters of transition metal atoms in a co .putationally efficient way. Our approach is based on the Tight Binding Molecular Dynamics (TBMD) method. [Pg.262]

Another approach was used some years ago by Dewar and Storch (1989). They called attention to solvent effects in ion-molecule reactions which do not yield an activation energy in theoretical calculations related to gas-phase conditions, but which are known to proceed with measureable activation energy in solution. Dewar and Storch therefore make a distinction between intrinsic barriers due to chemical processes and desolvation barriers due to chemical processes. [Pg.182]

The required distribution of initial populations ntu can be obtained in the following manner (32). Let us consider a system with Ed mi = 20 kcal/ mole and Ed max = 45 kcal/mole. Assuming that kd = 1013 sec-1 and x = 1, we can calculate theoretical desorption rates dnai/dt for Ed = 20, 21, 22,..., 45 kcal/mole as a function of nBOi. With increasing temperature, 25 values of dnjdt are measured at temperatures corresponding to Ed of 20, 21, 22,. . ., 45 kcal/mole. Since the total desorption rate at any moment must be equal to the sum of the individual desorption processes, we obtain 25 linear equations. Their solution permits the computation of the initial populations of the surface sites in the energy spectrum considered, i.e. the function n,oi(Edi). From the form of this function, desorption processes can be determined which exhibit a substantial effect on the experimental desorption curve. [Pg.385]

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