Most TB approaches are not charge self-consistent. This means that they do not ensure that the charge derived from the wavefiinctions yields the effective potential assumed in their calculation. Some methods have been developed which yield charge densities consistent with the electronic potential [14, H and 16]. [Pg.2204]

The pseudopotential is derived from an all-electron SIC-LDA atomic potential. The relaxation correction takes into account the relaxation of the electronic system upon the excitation of an electron [44]- The authors speculate that ... the ability of the SIRC potential to produce considerably better band structures than DFT-LDA may reflect an extra nonlocality in the SIRC pseudopotential, related to the nonlocality or orbital dependence in the SIC all-electron potential. In addition, it may mimic some of the energy and the non-local space dependence of the self-energy operator occurring in the GW approximation of the electronic many body problem [45]. [Pg.2209]

In the following, we shall demonstrate techniques for calculating the electronic potential energy terms up to the second order. For simplicity, we shall study the case of H2 molecule, the simplest multi-electron diatomic molecule. [Pg.406]

How is electronic potential energy computed Electrons, which are more than three orders of magnitude lighter than nuclei, are too small for classical mechanics calculations. Electronic energy must... [Pg.32]

The Extended Hiickel method, for example, does not explicitly consider the effects of electron-electron repulsions but incorporates repulsions into a single-electron potential. This simplifies the solution of the Schrodinger equation and allows HyperChem to compute the potential energy as the sum of the energies for each electron. [Pg.34]

Rapid-Scan Corrosion Behavior Diagram (CBD) Basically, all the same equipment used in the conductance of an ASTM G5 slow-scan polarization study is used for rapid-scan CBDs (that is, a standard test cell, potentiostat, voltmeters, log converters, X-Y recorders, and electronic potential scanning devices). The differences... [Pg.2431]

Thus, the effective electron potential at site Ry consists of two terms site-independent average potential V(r) and an addition connected with spin polarization, AV (r). [Pg.140]

The last term in Eq. 11.47 gives apparently the "average one-electron potential we were asking for in Eq. 11.40. The Hartree-Fock equations (Eq. 11.46) are mathematically complicated nonlinear integro-differential equations which are solved by Hartree s iterative self-consistent field (SCF) procedure. [Pg.226]

One basic reason which made the absolute electron potential problem so complicated to solve in aqueous electrochemistry is the experimental difficulty of measuring work functions on metal surfaces covered with liquid films or in contact with liquids and their vapours. [Pg.333]

Trasatti14 16 has done a very thorough and lucid work in clarifying the concept of absolute electrode potentials in aqueous electrochemistry. He has pointed out that at least four different absolute, or single , electron potentials can be defined, depending on the choice of the reference state of electrons. [Pg.334]

approach used in aqueous electrochemistry to define "absolute electron potentials can be used in solid state electrochemistry. Thus if one chooses as the zero level an electron just outside the solid electrolyte surface, which has been shown14-16 by Trasatti to be the most realistic choice in aqueous electrochemistry, one has ... [Pg.351]

Thus the absolute electron potential Uw(abs) in solid state electrochemistry can indeed be simply defined by the equation ... [Pg.352]

The adiabatic electronic potential energy surfaces (a function of both nuclear geometry and electric field) are obtained by solving the following electronic eigenvalue equation... [Pg.58]

The hrst step in theoretical predictions of pathway branching are electronic structure ab initio) calculations to define at least the lowest Born-Oppenheimer electronic potential energy surface for a system. For a system of N atoms, the PES has (iN — 6) dimensions, and is denoted V Ri,R2, - , RiN-6)- At a minimum, the energy, geometry, and vibrational frequencies of stationary points (i.e., asymptotes, wells, and saddle points where dV/dRi = 0) of the potential surface must be calculated. For the statistical methods described in Section IV.B, information on other areas of the potential are generally not needed. However, it must be stressed that failure to locate relevant stationary points may lead to omission of valid pathways. For this reason, as wide a search as practicable must be made through configuration space to ensure that the PES is sufficiently complete. Furthermore, a search only of stationary points will not treat pathways that avoid transition states. [Pg.225]

As for the theoretical treatment, we could only try to include the eleetrostatie solute-solvent interaetions and, in faet, we corrected the electronic potential energies for the solvation effeets by simply adding as calculated according to the solvaton model [eq. (2)]. The resulting potential curves are to be seen as effective potentials at equilibrium, i.e. refleeting orientational equilibrium distributions of the solvent dipoles around the eharged atoms of the solute molecule. In principle, the use of potentials thus corrected involves the assumption that solvent equilibration is more rapid than internal rotation of the solute molecule. Fig. 4 points out the effects produced on the potential... [Pg.389]

When inserting into (4.5), the term ZeR will be multiplied with the elements of the electric field gradient tensor V. Fortunately, the procedure can be restricted to diagonal elements Vu, because V is symmetric and, consequently, a principal axes system exists in which the nondiagonal elements vanish, = 0. The diagonal elements can be determined by using Poisson s differential equation for the electronic potential at point r = 0 with charge density (0), AV = Anp, which yields... [Pg.76]

Perturbation terms in the Hamiltonian operator up to still lead to the uncoupling of the nuclear and electronic motions, but change the form of the electronic potential energy funetion in the equation for the nuclear motion. Rather than present the details of the Bom-Oppenheimer perturbation expansion, we follow instead the equivalent, but more elegant procedure of M. Bom and K. Huang (1954). [Pg.266]

The electronic potential energy is due to the attraction between the positive nuclei and the negative electrons, which can be expressed as ... [Pg.4]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.46 , Pg.49 ]

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