The effective intrinsically safe voltage is in the range of approx. 8-10 V. So, for many applications that require an increased voltage level a DC/DC convertor has to be inserted. Of course, this DC/DC convertor in an intrinsically safe circuit shall be explosion protected itself accordingly. This increases the technical expenditure required. [Pg.408]

To be effective, intrinsic factor must be administered through the alimentary tract. Gastric juice administered intravenously with vitamin Bi2 did not convincingly enhance the hemopoietic effect of the latter (Wallerstein et al., 1953a). [Pg.162]

NORTHROP ISOTOPE EFFECT METHOD INTRINSIC KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECT KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECT Intrinsic viscosity, [Pg.752]

Equation 1 is used to calculate the effective intrinsic viscosity [97] c of the resin using the Mark-Houwink equation [Pg.41]

Fig. 57. dependence on pressure as a function of nonstoichiometry. Solid symbols, total pressure effect (intrinsic and oxygen ordering) after annealing at room temperature, Open symbols, intrinsic pressure effect after annealing at 100 K. Data from Fietz et al. (1994, 1996), Benischke et al. (1992) and D yakonov et al. (1996). After Fietz et al. (1996). [Pg.105]

Tool RF burst waveforms serve as a convenient means for determining the ejection resolution limits that are due to effects intrinsic in the operation of the cubic trap. More general computed waveforms (59) are obtained via inverse discrete Fourier transformation. These computed waveforms are just a linear superposition of a finite number of RF bursts. As a result, it is proposed that the best performance obtained with RF bursts anticipate the best performance obtained with computed waveforms, [Pg.52]

In order to reproduce these characteristic behaviors of PVDF form I bulk sample, it was necessary to evaluate to what extent the piezoelectric effect intrinsic of crystalline region may contribute to the bulk constant. Several theories have been proposed to evaluate the crystalline as well as the bulk piezoelectric constants [21,253-256]. [Pg.166]

Shed light on the relationship between the structure of a compound and its spectral properties. Computations can more easily dissect the different chemical-physical effects (intrinsic and environmental) modulating the spectral properties of molecule. They can thus help the design of new compounds with specifically tailored features (e.g., new dyes), with significant benefits for industrial research. [Pg.41]

In gas-liquid mixing applications, solids are often present as a catalyst or a product. Inherently having small solids present on the bubble surface can diminish the effective intrinsic bubble surface area and significantly decrease the mass transfer coefficient. Though others report just the opposite effect, an illustrative example from Dow is shown in Table [Pg.1122]

If x = 1, critical coupling is obtained and the dip depth attains its maximum value of 100% the microresonator is said to be undercoupled if x < 1 and overcoupled for x > 1. While the coupling loss remains constant, the effective intrinsic loss can be changed by interaction of the evanescent fraction (/) of the WGM with the surrounding medium. The effective loss coefficient can then be written as a = a +/aa f /as, where the three terms denote true intrinsic loss, absorption (and perhaps also scattering) by the analyte, and absorption in the solvent (or ambient). [Pg.100]

The first requirement has since resulted in the availability of commercial purpose built Magnetic Sector instruments. Examples include the SHRIMP series of instruments from the Australian Scientific Institute (ASI ) and the ims-1270/1280 from Cameca . These instruments provide the sensitivity to measure mass fractionation effects intrinsic to the samples because of the full transmission at a mass resolution m/A m of 5000 accomplished using large radii electrostatic and magnetic sectors with nltimate mass resolution values extending well past this value. For further discussion on instrumentation, see Chapter 4. [Pg.15]

Despite the lack of mathematical back-up, we may assume the sequential mode as desirable, if simulation algorithms that separate (uncouple) diffusion and chemical reactions, are used. It is also clear that whole-system RKI is, once again, better still - and here, the parallel/sequential question does not arise the method couples the two effects intrinsically. [Pg.144]

Compared to homopolymerization the copolymerization of MCMs has been investigated in more detail, as it is often used to modify the properties of traditional polymers. Equally, joint polymerization gives additional opportunities to study the statistical processes and factors that influence the reactivity of the multiple bonds of monomers, as well as to expose latent effects intrinsic to MCMs. [Pg.136]

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