VSTR = O Connell characteristic volume parameter, cm /g-mol ZRA = Rackett equation parameter RD = mean radius of gyration, A DM = dipole moment, D R = UNIQUAC r Q = UNIQUAC q QP = UNIQUAC q [Pg.143]

Abraham MH, McGowan JC (1987) The use of characteristic volumes to measure cavity terms in reversed phase liquid chromatography. Chromatographia 23 243-246. [Pg.482]

The CMC also varies logarithmically with the characteristic volume of the monomeric surfactant molecule. Thus, Eq. 13, developed by Sowada and McGowan [91], can be used to predict the CMC [Pg.247]

Any changes in the load size, load configuration, or container characteristics (volume, geometry, etc.) must be accompanied by repeat validation studies to prove that the cool spot location has not changed or, if it has, that it receives the design F0 time exposure from the sterilization cycle used. [Pg.142]

As described in Sect. 4.4.1, this rate can also be expressed in terms of the characteristic volume by using the specific surface of mass transfer (4.22) [Pg.109]

Young fish that has not started its reproductive cycle with the absence of secondary sexual characteristics. Volume 1(14). [Pg.404]

So, at any site there must be a particle of one species or another Y i= ff — First, let us consider the ideal models that take into account a characteristic volume of the adspecies only, and the ideas of the lateral interactions between the adspecies. [Pg.358]

An afternate method with approximately the same accuracy as the Rackett method is the COSTALD metnod of Hanldnson and Thomson.The critical temperature, a characteristic volume near the critical volume, and an acentric factor optimized for vapor pressure prediction by the Soave equation of state are required input parameters. The method is detailed in the Technical Data Book [Pg.404]

The simplest model of the condensed phase is represented by the lattice-gas model [50]. It reflects two major features of the any species in the condensed phase, viz., their characteristic volume and species interactions. The volume of a crystalline solid is characterized by its natural lattice. With a good approximation, one can consider that the subsurface region of a solid is [Pg.357]

A better correlated input signal will leave less space for improvement compared to the previous. Fig. 3 shows the improvement of the auto correlation functions for Vc = 400 m3. It follows that the characteristic volume of the output property (Fco) is just slightly higher compared to Vci = 40 m3 Vco 3400 m3 versus Vco 3200 m3 for a = 0° and /S = 30°. [Pg.299]

In this equation E (R2) is the excess molar refraction, S (tt ) is the solute dipolarity-polarizabiUty, A (2a ) and B(2 3 ) are the solute H-bond acidity and basicity, respectively, and Vis the McGowan characteristic volume (in cm mol /100). The solute size, V, (molecule favors octanol) together with solute H-bond basicity, B, (favors water) are the dominating parameters of this equation. The use of Bo(2P ) resulted in equation [Pg.383]

Tables 1 and 2 both show the reduction of the standard deviations relative to the mean value of the input calculated by the simulations and PD for different stacking (a) and reclaiming (f ) angles. I cj in the upper left of the tables indicates the characteristic volume of the input property used for the calculations and simulations. |

This example illustrates the simplified approach to film blowing. Unfortunately in practice the situation is more complex in that the film thickness is influenced by draw-down, relaxation of induced stresses/strains and melt flow phenomena such as die swell. In fact the situation is similar to that described for blow moulding (see below) and the type of analysis outlined in that section could be used to allow for the effects of die swell. However, since the most practical problems in film blowing require iterative type solutions involving melt flow characteristics, volume flow rates, swell ratios, etc the study of these is delayed until Chapter 5 where a more rigorous approach to polymer flow has been adopted. [Pg.268]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.255 ]

See also in sourсe #XX -- [ Pg.218 ]

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