Section 2 combines the former separate section on Mathematics with the material involving General Information and Conversion Tables. The fundamental physical constants reflect values recommended in 1986. Physical and chemical symbols and definitions have undergone extensive revision and expansion. Presented in 14 categories, the entries follow recommendations published in 1988 by the lUPAC. The table of abbreviations and standard letter symbols provides, in a sense, an alphabetical index to the foregoing tables. The table of conversion factors has been modified in view of recent data and inclusion of SI units cross-entries for archaic or unusual entries have been curtailed. [Pg.1286]

Units may be combined together into derived units to express a property more complicated than mass, length, or time. For example, volume, V, the amount of space occupied by a substance, is the product of three lengths therefore, the derived unit of volume is (meter)3, denoted m3. Similarly, density, the mass of a sample divided by its volume, is expressed in terms of the base unit for mass divided by the derived unit for volume namely, kilogram/(meter)3, denoted kg/m3 or, equivalently, kg-m-3. The SI convention is that a power, such as the 3 in cm3, refers to the unit and its multiple. That is, cm3 should be interpreted as (cm)3 or 10-6 m3 not as c(m3), or 10 2 m3. Many of the more common derived units have names and abbreviations of their own. [Pg.31]

FIGURE 17.16 The uranium-238 decay series. The times are the half-lives of the nuclides (see Sei tion 17.7). The unit a, for annum, is the SI abbreviation for year. [Pg.825]

Further steps toward universality are taken by the replacement of element and compound names wherever possible by symbols and formulas, and by adding to data in older units their recalculated SI equivalents. The usefulness of the reference sections has been increased by giving journal-title abbreviations according to the Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index, by listing in each reference all of its authors and by accompanying references to patents and journals that may be difficult to access by their Chemical [Pg.22]

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