Section 2 combines the former separate section on Mathematics with the material involving General Information and Conversion Tables. The fundamental physical constants reflect values recommended in 1986. Physical and chemical symbols and definitions have undergone extensive revision and expansion. Presented in 14 categories, the entries follow recommendations published in 1988 by the lUPAC. The table of abbreviations and standard letter symbols provides, in a sense, an alphabetical index to the foregoing tables. The table of conversion factors has been modified in view of recent data and inclusion of SI units cross-entries for archaic or unusual entries have been curtailed. [Pg.1286]

T vo main streams of computational techniques branch out fiom this point. These are referred to as ab initio and semiempirical calculations. In both ab initio and semiempirical treatments, mathematical formulations of the wave functions which describe hydrogen-like orbitals are used. Examples of wave functions that are commonly used are Slater-type orbitals (abbreviated STO) and Gaussian-type orbitals (GTO). There are additional variations which are designated by additions to the abbreviations. Both ab initio and semiempirical calculations treat the linear combination of orbitals by iterative computations that establish a self-consistent electrical field (SCF) and minimize the energy of the system. The minimum-energy combination is taken to describe the molecule. [Pg.25]

Abstracts citations. Mathematical signs and common abbreviations are employed to help condense prose and a glossary of the latter is provided in each volume. Dangerous or potentially dangerous procedures are highlighted in safety notes printed in boldface type. [Pg.23]

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