Hazard-based approach

The selection of materials to be used in design dictates a basic understanding of the behavior of materials and the principles that govern such behavior. If proper design of suitable materials of construction is incorporated, the eqiiipment should deteriorate at a uniform and anticipated gradual rate, which will allow scheduled maintenance or replacement at regular inteivals. If localized forms of corrosion are characteristic of the combination of materials and environment, the materials engineer should still be able to predict the probable life of equipment, or devise an appropriate inspection schedule to preclude unexpected failures. The concepts of predictive, or at least preventive, maintenance are minimum requirements to proper materials selection. This approach to maintenance is certainly intended to minimize the possibility of unscheduled production shutdowns because of corrosion failures, with their attendant possible financial losses, hazard to personnel and equipment, and resultant environmental pollution.  [c.2424]

This approach has been performed on. several offshore production facilities with inconsistent results. That is, items that were identified by one set of evaluators as required for protection in one design were not required by another set of evaluators in a completely similar design. In addition, potential failure of some safety devices on one facility caused evaluators to require additional safety devices as back-up, while the same group in evaluating a similar installation that did not have the initial safety devices at all did not identify the absence of the primary safety device as a hazard or require back-up safety devices.  [c.398]

These hazards cannot be changed—they are basic properties of the materials and the conditions of usage. The inherently safer approach is to reduce the hazard by reducing the quantity of hazardous material or energy, or by completely eliminating the hazardous agent.  [c.8]

My book Plant Design for Safety—A User-Friendly Approach [1] and References 12-15 describe many examples of ways in which plants can be made inherently safer. Note that we use the term inherently safer, not inherently safe, as we cannot avoid every hazard.  [c.368]

See pages that mention the term Hazard-based approach : [c.2270]    [c.429]   
See chapters in:

Hazardous waste compliance  -> Hazard-based approach

Hazardous waste compliance (2001) -- [ c.6 , c.38 ]