Wright Flyer design


The aerodynamic features of the Wright Flyer were predominately a result of their wind tunnel tests of numerous wing and airfoil shapes. The Wrights were well aware that the major measure of aerodynamic efficiency is the lift-to-drag ratio L/D. They knew that the lift of an aircraft must equal its weight m order to sustain the machine in the air, and that almost any configuration could produce enough lift if the angle of attack was sufficiently large. But the secret of good aerodynamics is to produce this lift with as small a drag as possible, that is, to design an aircraft with as large an L/D value as possible. To accomplish this, the Wrights did three things  [c.34]

In summai y, the Wright brothers had gotten it right. All the components of their system worked properly and harmoniously—propulsion, aerodynamics, control, and structures. There were no fatal weak links. The reason for this was the natural inventiveness and engineering abilities of Orville and Wilbur Wright. The design of the Wright Flyer is a classic first study in good aeronautical engineering. There can be no doubt that the Wright brothers were the first true aeronautical engineers.  [c.36]

Flare radiation level calculations are to be based on the worst case wind velocity, a design wind velocity of 40 Kph and a maximum of 100 Kph. Vendor shall provide radiation plots for each case.  [c.305]

The 1903 Wright Flyer ushered in the era of successful strlit-and-ivire biplanes, an era that covers the period from 1903 to 1930. There is no doubt in this author s mind that Orville and Wilbur Wright were the first true aeronautical engineers in histoiy. With the 1903 Wright Flyer, they had gotten it all right— the propulsion, aerodynamic, structural, and control aspects were carefully calculated and accounted for during its design. The Wright brothers were the first to fully understand the airplane as a whole and complete system, in which the individual components had to work in a complementary fashion so that the integrated system would perform as desired.  [c.34]

Let us dwell for a moment on the Wright Flyer as an airplane design. The Wright Flyer possessed all the elements of a successful flying machine. Propulsion was achieved by a four-cylinder in-line engine designed and built by Orville Wright with the help of their newly hired nicchanic in the bicycle shop, Charlie Taylor. It produced close to 12 hp and weighed 140 lb, barely on the margin of what the Wrights had calculated as the minimum necessaiy to  [c.34]

The Wright Flyer ushered in the era of strut-and-wire biplanes, and it basically set the pattern for subsequent airplane design during this era. The famous World War I fighter airplanes—such as the French Nieuport 17 and the SPADXIII, the German Fokker  [c.36]


See pages that mention the term Wright Flyer design : [c.34]    [c.36]    [c.523]   
Macmillan encyclopedia of energy Volumes 1,2,3 (2001) -- [ c.30 , c.34 ]