Wright, Orville


In summai y, the Wright brothers had gotten it right. All the components of their system worked properly and harmoniously—propulsion, aerodynamics, control, and structures. There were no fatal weak links. The reason for this was the natural inventiveness and engineering abilities of Orville and Wilbur Wright. The design of the Wright Flyer is a classic first study in good aeronautical engineering. There can be no doubt that the Wright brothers were the first true aeronautical engineers.  [c.36]

Wilbur and Orville Wright first addressed the aerial propeller from a theoretical and overall original standpoint during the successful development of their 1903 Flyer. They conceptualized the aerial propeller as a rotaiy wing, or airfoil, that generated aerodynamic thrust to achieve propulsion. They determined that the same physics that allowed an airfoil to create an upward lifting force when placed in an airstream would produce horizontal aerodynamic thrust when the airfoil was positioned vertically and rotated to create airflow. As a result, the Wrights created the world s first efficient aerial propeller and the aerodynamic theoiy to calculate its performance that would be the basis for all propeller research and development that followed. Used in conjunction with the reciprocating internal combustion piston engine, the aerial propeller was the main form of propulsion for the first fifty years of heavier-than-air flight.  [c.958]

The 1903 Wright Flyer ushered in the era of successful strlit-and-ivire biplanes, an era that covers the period from 1903 to 1930. There is no doubt in this author s mind that Orville and Wilbur Wright were the first true aeronautical engineers in histoiy. With the 1903 Wright Flyer, they had gotten it all right— the propulsion, aerodynamic, structural, and control aspects were carefully calculated and accounted for during its design. The Wright brothers were the first to fully understand the airplane as a whole and complete system, in which the individual components had to work in a complementary fashion so that the integrated system would perform as desired.  [c.34]

Let us dwell for a moment on the Wright Flyer as an airplane design. The Wright Flyer possessed all the elements of a successful flying machine. Propulsion was achieved by a four-cylinder in-line engine designed and built by Orville Wright with the help of their newly hired nicchanic in the bicycle shop, Charlie Taylor. It produced close to 12 hp and weighed 140 lb, barely on the margin of what the Wrights had calculated as the minimum necessaiy to  [c.34]


Macmillan encyclopedia of energy Volumes 1,2,3 (2001) -- [ c.31 , c.31 , c.32 ]