Pyrido pyrimidine betaines

Between 1951 and 1953 investigations by three English groups clearly demonstrated the preponderance of the oxo forms of pyrimidin-2- and -4-ones by comparing the ultraviolet spectra of these compounds with those of the N and 0-alkylated derivatives, The o-quinonoid form 91 (R = H) is favored by the evidence that A -methylation of the 6-methyl derivative of 89a does not cause a bathochromic shift in the ultraviolet spectrum (A -methylation of pyrid-4-one causes a bathochromic shift, but this is not observed for pyrid-2-one) The isomeric A -methyl derivatives of pyrimidin-4-ones [e.g., 91 (R = Me) and 90 (R = Me)] form similar cations (e.g., 92 and 93), and hence the equilibrium constant between  [c.369]

Of the remaining 26 undiscovered elements between hydrogen and uranium, 11 were lanthanoids which Mendeleev s system was unable to characterize because of their great chemical similarity and the new numerological feature dictated by the filling of the 4f orbitals. Only cerium, terbium and erbium were established with certainty in 1871, and the others (except promethium, 1945) were separated and identified in the period 1879 -1907. The isolation of the (unpredicted) noble gases also occurred at this time (1894-8).  [c.29]

See pages that mention the term Pyrido pyrimidine betaines : [c.195]    [c.226]    [c.45]   
Advances in heterocyclic chemistry Vol.85 (2003) -- [ c.84 , c.257 ]